There are 2 main translations of strain in Spanish

: strain1strain2

strain1

Pronunciation /streɪn//streɪn/

transitive verb

  • 1

    (exert)
    to strain one's eyes/voice forzar la vista/voz
    • to strain one's ears aguzar el oído
    • he strained every muscle to lift the weight usó todas sus fuerzas para levantar el peso
    • I strain myself to make each song a distinctive experience.
    • Of course I get people with pulled muscles from playing football, but it's also not unusual for me to deal with someone who has tripped up at home and strained themselves.
    • You do not want to strain yourself walking quickly and forcing your body to pump blood faster in these temperatures.
    • But don't strain yourselves getting out of your new squad car.
    • ‘You could clearly see that when Bette lifted Joan off the bed she was straining herself,’ said Gary.
    • What you do need to do is give a positive impression while not straining yourself in trying to impress him/her.
    • You kept straining yourself to hide those emotions from everyone.
    • Don't bother straining yourself thinking about it; I know it's hard for you to see past your own needs.
    • He must have strained himself yesterday on a long walk, or too much running around; by day's end he couldn't get up on the bed, and today he's in pain.
    • When one strained oneself to listen to the speaker one could make out that some important male writers were speaking in generalities.
    • The fact is that he had a huge capacity for understanding the minutiae of problems without effort so he did not need to strain himself.
    • I'd seen him check it once, seeing if it was empty enough to pick up without straining himself and still full enough to make a resounding crunch and splash as the top came off.
    • She had taken a month off so she could heal without straining herself.
    • No one is straining himself; indeed, Noah is having a nap, perhaps exhausted by the very thought of the strenuous timetable drawn up for him.
    • You should feel tension in your upper back but don't strain yourself.
    • They could do much more to help guard the West without straining themselves.
    • He just could not understand how I could dance, straining myself.
    • He cries weakly, the effort clearly straining his feeble body.
    • If you overdo it and strain yourself, you may become discouraged.
    • Anyone who forgot to bring the radio had to stand or strain themselves to listen to the game on somebody else's radio.
  • 2

    • 2.1(overburden)

      (support/beam) ejercer demasiada presión sobre
      • And they're straining the resources of international institutions who have responsibility for finding solutions.
      • But it will strain its ability to pick the right locations to get that boost.
      • The Habsburg Monarchy was strained by the demands of different nationalities for autonomy.
      • The volume of these ethnic groups plus black migrants strained social services to the breaking point.
      • Indonesia's large and growing population continues to strain national resources.
      • Relations between Chicago and Britain have been severely strained by the announcement, coming as it does weeks before an election.
      • But the truce has been severely strained by nightly fighting between the two sides.
      • The scheme will provide 40 affordable homes and three playgrounds as well as hundreds of new neighbours who many fear will strain local resources.
      • Mpofu said the growth of Bulawayo and the current economic situation have strained resources to cope with distressed calls.
      • This strains housing stock levels for future generations.
      • Police say their service is thoroughly strained.
      • Exporting can strain a company's resources and staff.
      • Adding an additional 300 does not strain our resources.
      • Of course services are strained and we have to find solutions.
      • Fort McMurray infrastructure and services are strained by the shadow population according to a survey.
      • In the era of the Internet, the efficacy of the name suppression orders was always going to be severely strained, but some online publishers took the issue seriously.
      • The groundwater resources have been severely strained by over-use.
      • Rapid population increases are not only straining this country's resources; they're also changing the way we live.
      • If you need a good web-mail client that won't strain your resources, this is one you'll want to take a look at.
      • Treatment should not strain available resources, and most of all it should do no harm to the patient.

    • 2.2(injure)

      to strain one's back hacerse daño en la espalda
      • to strain a muscle hacerse un esguince
      • One of the athletes was placed on the injured list after straining his left quadriceps.
      • Anyway, I'm home from work this week because I've strained my muscles under my left ribs and it has only been getting worse.
      • Spring is the season for groin pulls - that is, straining the adductor muscles that run along the inside of your thighs.
      • I had somehow managed to strain a muscle in my leg while attempting to dance.
      • The doc put our minds at rest and said the blood was probably from muscles being strained whilst retching but he was de-hydrated and would need to be admitted.
      • He struck out four and walked one in his first outing since June 22, when he strained his left oblique muscle.
      • Henrik Larsson, in particular, sprung to meet a dead ball by the Englishman and seemed to strain every neck muscle as he jerked the ball goalwards and prompted Paul Gallacher to tip it over the crossbar.
      • With the flanker off, the Wallabies sensed an edge and probed a defence that had not been strengthened by the addition of Iain Balshaw after Matt Perry strained a muscle.
      • Zaheer strained his muscle in the right leg this morning and was ruled out for the rest of the ongoing Test.
      • But because Gandy has favored the muscle, it has partially torn his right biceps and strained another muscle.
      • The Ulsterman claims to have strained a thigh muscle last week while fishing - strange but true.
      • Then if you can inform and entertain the reader at the same time - without straining a muscle - all the better.
      • I squealed in pain, having strained a muscle in my leg.
      • But alas in practice they are usually so huge that you inevitably strain a minor muscle or two moving your arm to look at the data.
      • I need to have wheels installed on this thing, she thought, straining her arm muscles and knocking her knees against its bulk as she walked.
      • He strove so hard to rival Holding that he strained stomach muscles in the Kingston Test against England in 1981.
      • Aberfeldie last year learned the cost of attacking through one player when Minton-Connell strained his thigh muscle in the warm-up before the grand final.
      • Britain's victory hopes took a setback during the warm-up when the penalty corner specialist Ben Hawes strained a calf muscle and was replaced by Jerome Goudie.
      • The more common of these include spraining or tearing one or more ligaments, tearing the meniscus or straining a tendon or muscle.
      • He tore a ligament in his thumb during spring training, then strained a muscle in his side on May 31 during his first rehab stint.

    • 2.3(overtax, stretch)

      (relations) someter a demasiada tensión
      (relations) volver tenso
      (relations) volver tirante
      (credulity/patience) poner a prueba
      (resources) estirar al máximo
      • For the most part the structure is strained tightly together, and decorated, by spidery cross braces.
      • During these works transmitting took place with the help of an antenna which was strained between the other tower and a small wood mast.
      • It originally used as transmitting antenna a cage aerial, which was strained between two 60 meters tall wood towers.

  • 3

    (filter)
    filtrar
    • Binding glutens were added, and the mixture was strained through a large-holed colander into boiling water.
    • The malt is then boiled, strained, and incubated with yeast.
    • Remove from the heat and leave to cool, then strain the stock through a fine sieve, reserving the ham hock on one side.
    • Remove from the heat and serve as it is or strain the leaves and potato into a food processor.
    • Then let it cool and strain the mixture through cheesecloth.
    • With a piece of netting they strained the rice into buckets while I held the torch.
    • Right whales are large baleen whales, meaning that instead of teeth they have bonelike plates, which they use to strain food from large gulps of water.
    • Mix some strained papaya human baby food with this, but omit adding additional vitamins or minerals.
    • Simmer for 10 minutes, leave to cool and then strain the mixture through a sieve into a large jug.
    • To finish, strain the infused milk into a clean saucepan, add the breadcrumbs and whisk over a medium heat for two to three minutes until thickened.
    • Simmer for five minutes, then remove from heat and strain all ingredients.
    • Then strain the cloudy water from the rice - this removes most of the starch.
    • When you're ready to start cooking, strain the beef, reserving the marinade and the other ingredients.
    • The leaves of the elder can also be boiled and strained to make an insecticidal spray.
    • For instance, canned chicken and tuna can be strained to remove a significant amount of sodium.
    • In the morning of Day 6, I strained the wine into a pan for the final step: mixing in honey and vodka.
    • After the third and final straining the ale should be ready to drink.
    • The first wax to be used was animal fat which was boiled and strained till it turned to tallow and then had scents added to it to disguise the smell.
    • The coconut is grated, strained and boiled to extract its oil.
    • I strained the cream and milk mixture to get rid of the twigs - but reincorporated some of the zest and thyme leaves - and beat it into the eggs and sugar.
    • Slowly strain the butter through a fine sieve into a clean pan, leaving the sediment behind.
    • Wood-grain areas of the car can be polished with a mixture of equal parts strained lemon juice and olive oil.
    • Soak tamarind in 1 ½ cups of water, squeeze well and strain the juice.
    • Add almost all of the remaining berries and strain the fruit, keeping all the juices.
    • If excess water remains after cooking, strain the grains.
    • That evening, as she took the rice gruel to the cowshed after straining the cooked rice, she screamed out in terror.
    • These plates are used to strain food from the water.
    • The milk is then strained and the grains recovered for reuse.
    • This process is repeated one more time before the mixture is strained through an empty cotton bag to remove the husks.
    • Drain in a colander set over a bowl, then shell the mussels before straining the juice carefully through a double muslin or chinois.
    • Now granny decided that we should not get either hives or boils so in the early spring we had to go and get some young nettles which she then boiled and strained.
    • Line a colander or sieve with a couple of layers of cheesecloth and strain the soup.
    • I experimented with reducing leftover dried clay scraps to the consistency of slip and strained the mixture to remove lumps.
    • To get really thick yoghurt, the consistency of cream cheese, I strain the set stuff by pouring it into a piece of muslin and hanging it from a rod suspended over the sink.
    • Remove from the heat and strain the mixture through a fine mesh sieve into a bowl.
    • Remove and set aside for 10 minutes, then strain the oil and combine with the remaining olive oil; discard the garlic.
    • Once the concentration is strong, strain the mixture, then place strips of paper in the water and simmer until most of the water is evaporated.
  • 4

    Cooking
    colar
    (vegetables/rice) escurrir
    to strain the water off the rice escurrir el (agua del) arroz
    • strain the lumps from the sauce with a sieve pase la salsa por un tamiz para eliminar los grumos

reflexive verb

  • 1

    hacerse daño
    don't strain yourself no te vayas a herniar ironic
    • And after straining to hear it, I realised that it sounded familiar.
    • I sat on the bed shivering, straining to hear their conversation, but they were too far down the hall and speaking too softly anyway.
    • First of all, she's a mumbler, so I really have to strain to hear her.
    • She lay frozen on the bed for a moment, straining to hear, above the moaning of the wind, the human sounds that she knew must be present in the room.
    • Teachers who use the system feel less stressed and tired at the end of the day and their students don't have to strain to hear.
    • He strains to hear something recognizable, but the fog and the sea muffle everything.
    • But an outer layer of the public also surrounded him, straining to hear every word uttered by the man.
    • Ryda leaned forward, straining to hear the conversation.
    • Because I was taking notes and straining to hear what was being said on the tape, I didn't necessarily realise what was being said.
    • Be quiet and excuse me; I am straining to hear a conversation and you are making it difficult for me to catch all of it.
    • Rather than my having to strain to hear their words as I read, I have the pleasure of being a kind of spectator - of hearing them recite their tales, as it were.
    • Scores of people stood around in the darkened gallery straining to hear every word of the amazing, passionate reading.
    • I strain to hear and then grin, resisting the temptation to say ‘eh’?
    • I can't stop myself, and I hear my voice straining, on the verge of cracking, but I can't stop that either.
    • This results in straining to hear what was asked.
    • But I also tilted my head a lot, like a cat straining to hear a really weird sound.
    • She whispered so softly that Heart had to strain to hear.
    • He turned his attention to the duo at the fire, straining forward to hear…
    • Her voice was soft and low and we'd have to strain to hear her.
    • David was jangling his change so frantically you had to strain to hear what anyone was saying.

intransitive verb

  • 1

    the porters strained under the load los mozos iban agobiados por la carga
    • to strain after / for effect(s) utilizar recursos efectistas
    • there's no straining after / for effect in this novel esta novela no utiliza recursos efectistas
    • to strain at sth tirar de algo
    • the dog strained at the leash el perro tiraba de la correa
    • to strain to + inf hacer un gran esfuerzo para + inf
    • I was straining to understand their accent estaba haciendo un gran esfuerzo para entender su acento
    • to strain against the shackles of convention luchar contra las trabas de las convenciones

noun

  • 1

    (tension) tensión feminine
    (pressure) presión feminine
    the rope snapped under the strain la cuerda se rompió debido a la tensión a la que estaba sometida
    • it puts a strain on your spine ejerce presión sobre la columna vertebral
    • the bridge was not designed to take the strain of such a heavy volume of traffic el puente no fue diseñado para soportar semejante volumen de tráfico
    • the strain of lifting the crate was too much for him el esfuerzo que tuvo que hacer para levantar el cajón fue demasiado para él
    • sterling took the strain well yesterday la esterlina aguantó bien las presiones del día de ayer
    • the incident put a strain on Franco-German relations las relaciones franco-alemanas se volvieron tirantes a raíz del incidente
    • there are growing strains between church and state aumenta la tirantez en las relaciones entre la iglesia y el estado
    • she's been under great / a lot of strain ha estado pasando una época de mucha tensión / de mucho estrés
    • divorce places / puts (an) enormous strain on the children el divorcio somete a los niños a grandes tensiones
    • She asked quietly, her dirt and coal smudged face showed signs of strain and fatigue where it wasn't hidden by darkness.
    • But the fighting began last week without that help, and several days into the war, the amity between the two nations is under severe strain.
    • But when both are focused on taking, then the dynamic is pulling in opposite directions - creating strain and tension.
    • Recently McGregor's relationship with the press has also shown signs of strain.
    • This has put a strain on our long-distant communication.
    • Negative self-talk puts a tremendous strain on both the body and self-esteem.
    • Souness's relationship with Yorke has shown clear signs of strain during recent weeks, prompting speculation linking the former Manchester United star with a move to Wolves.
    • All of these common heritage resources are under tremendous strain as corporations seek to privatize and commodify them.
    • Exhaustion, strain and tension are what hit you.
    • Moreover, these protectionist initiatives have surfaced at a time when the global trading system is already under severe strain.
    • A report carried out at University College Dublin has found that a quarter of primary teachers have fatigue and strain caused by voice problems.
    • A source insisted there was a 25 per cent turnout of estate police on Friday and noted that this had put a strain on their on-duty colleagues.
    • The physical strain on Jones' body was incredible.
    • Because Zak can't swallow he needs his teeth cleaning under anaesthetic every six months but doctors fear the procedures are starting to put a strain on his weak chest.
    • Downturn in the fertiliser market coupled with rising production costs and wet weather has put a strain on the industry.
    • Just casting it once can be a real strain on the body.
    • Though the two part ways, marry and have children, they eventually start meeting again, and their relationship starts to put a strain on their lives.
    • ‘Mental strain is a lot lower in a marriage,’ says Oswald.
    • This was round-the-clock flying and it put a strain on the maintenance crews.
    • The Federation for American Immigration Reform says the increase has put a strain on city and state budgets.
    • The resultant dengue outbreaks place severe strains on public hospitals, with wards filled to overflowing with patients.
    • Weight lifting places great strains on both body and mind.
    • The national association was under severe strain last year.
    • This modification, while it suits the owner perfectly, put a strain on my ability to shoot small 25 yard groups.
    • Even with plans to import labour from neighbouring countries, Government's plans will continue to put a strain on already stretched resources.
    • The city has had to find alternative accommodation for those rendered homeless by the process, thus putting a further strain on its already stretched budget.
    • The opening night performance showed signs of strain as Doyle flubbed some lines, performance energy dipped and Scottish accents slipped in and out of authentic focus.
    • But what she has put under severe strain is the exchange of intelligence between the US and the UK on which the joint war against terrorism depends.
    • As the first week passed by so did some strain and tension on the couple's relationship.
    • Many marriages today are experiencing severe strain but that does not mean that the only solution is to eventually put an end to it by resorting to divorce.
    • Overweight and obese people are at far greater risk of a number of illnesses, including diabetes and heart disease, and an ever fatter population will put a strain on healthcare resources.
    • This constant state of alert places high tension and strain on staff.
    • The release of the body from the tension and strain of work may be understood as a natural physical response to fatigue.
    • I think everyone I know is suffering from that mental strain.
    • I can't keep my mind focused for hour after hour and my body won't take the strain for so long, either.
    • It is this population boom that has put a strain on the land resource in Zambia creating a breeding ground for desertification.
    • ‘I thought you said that it put a terrible strain on your body,’ Shadia said.
    • The social fabric is already showing signs of strain.
    • By contrast my legs - while not being exactly underdeveloped - are not accustomed to taking the strain of my upper body without locking at the knees for extra support.
    • Social factors, such as affluence and population growth, add further demand and strain on recreation opportunities.
  • 2

    Medicine
    (resulting from wrench, twist) torcedura feminine
    (on a muscle) esguince masculine
    see also eye strain
    • One by one, they staggered to the podium, like footballers with groin strains.
    • A recent study concluded that maintaining constant glycine levels might prevent sports injuries such as muscle strains and sprains.
    • Chronic knee injuries include things like strains, sprains and tendinitis.
    • Neck injuries or strains often result in painful inflammation.
    • In addition to testing for any strains and other injuries it is therefore crucial to assess for any changes, and their causes, in the somatic tissues.
    • Carey is troubled with a calf injury, while O'Hara has a groin strain.
    • Last year he struggled with groin strains for most of the year and was never operating at full fitness.
    • Hayes missed the victory over Thornhill with a hamstring strain but the injury has been responding to treatment.
    • A broad range of injury types was found to occur at each of these sites, except in the groin, for which the 12 injuries reported were exclusively strains.
    • We will have to see whether it's just a groin strain or a hernia.
    • Yoga students who push themselves too far without proper supervision risk suffering painful injuries and strains.
    • The most common types of sports injuries are sprains and strains.
    • Repetitive strain injury occurs when the movable parts of the limbs are injured.
    • Two years ago he played on with a groin strain, ended up with a hernia and missed out on the Ashes tour.
    • Hours of peak time are cleared to discuss groin strains.
    • The majority of injuries in a primary care setting are soft tissue injuries (sprains, strains, and contusions).
    • ‘During the game I got a groin strain and I've never really recovered,’ he explained.
    • The new automobile insurance system includes a limit of $4,000 on pain and suffering awards for a minor injury such as a strain, sprain or minor whiplash.
    • The most common snow injuries are strains, sprains and fractures.
    • Durcan has a groin strain, while Brehony is troubled by a hamstring injury.
  • 3strains plural

    (tune)
    the strains of a flute could be heard in the distance se oía una flauta a lo lejos
    • we danced to the strains of 'The Blue Danube' bailamos al son / al compás de 'El Danubio Azul'
    • in singular a melancholy strain un son melancólico
    • Once the first strains of piped music had swept over me, it was as if we had never been away.
    • A fan turns slowly overhead, keeping time with the strains of Latino music.
    • In the Kiev Sports Palace gymnasium I watched Larissa go through her paces to the strains of music by Tchaikovsky.
    • She stopped complaining when she heard the first strains of classical music.
    • The air is moist and moss-scented, and you slide your fingers along the slick castle stones as you're pulled by faint strains of music that sound vaguely familiar.
    • Just a few yards away from the mahal, the strains of Carnatic music emanate from a small shrine.
    • I hated the voice from behind me, that cut through the wondrous strains of music being wafted to us in that green and prosperous neighbourhood through powerful speakers.
    • In the background, strains of Latin music blend with sounds of sizzling from the kitchen to create an uplifting, cheerful atmosphere.
    • At the first strains of music, children scurried towards the makeshift theatre - a podium surrounded by steel poles draped with black cloth to make a dramatic backdrop.
    • Inside, we're surrounded by leather and walnut and soft strains of classical music.
    • Haunting strains of ethereal music introduced stunningly bright, clear, and artistic opening credits.
    • Somewhere musicians were still rehearsing for later, and the vague strains of music allowed him to make such a move without any culpability.
    • The strains of music played, the words came up, and we cheered as one.
    • With women taking part in all branches of war work, to the front came the cowgirls riding to the strains of martial music, the American flag held high, and the show is on!
    • While there are only a few strains of music throughout the game, such as the familiar success theme when a mission has been completed, the ambient sound effects truly shine in this game.
    • The hum of chattering voices floated through the still air, accompanied by the faint strains of music.
    • Their sound has expanded from the punk-rock base to include Celtic and country-and-western strains and contemporary dance music.
    • Baraka here is particularly interested in the differing timbres or tones that the two strains of music produced.
    • Take to the countryside to enjoy the soothing strains of classical music at this highbrow summer fest.
    • This last sequence was accompanied by the heartrending strains of Pablo Casals playing a Spanish folk song on the cello.
    • By then, they had already reached the auditorium, and strains of beautiful piano music wafted to their ears.

There are 2 main translations of strain in Spanish

: strain1strain2

strain2

variedad, n.

Pronunciation /streɪn//streɪn/

noun

  • 1

    (type)
    (of plant) variedad feminine
    (of virus) cepa feminine
    (of animal) raza feminine
  • 2

    (streak)
    veta feminine
    it must be the romantic strain in him debe ser esa veta romántica suya
    • there's a strain of nervous disorder in the family hay una propensión / predisposición a los trastornos nerviosos en la familia
  • 3literary

    (tone, style)
    tono masculine
    it's written in a cheerful/dismal strain está escrito en un tono optimista/sombrío