Translation of stratum in Spanish:

stratum

estrato, n.

Pronunciation /ˈstrædəm//ˈstreɪtəm//ˈstreɪdəm//ˈstrɑːtəm/

noun

  • 1

    Geology Archaeology estrato masculine
    Sociology estrato masculine
    Sociology nivel masculine
    • Women, of all ages, education, and social strata love the gossip magazines!
    • Its key support comes not from Arab governments, which fear it for good reason, but from a thin but widespread stratum in Muslim society.
    • Its old constituencies - within a substantial stratum of the ruling elite and broad sections of the middle class - have all but disappeared.
    • At higher levels this includes attracting foreign investment while at the very basic it means increasing Internet connectivity and usage in rural and urban strata.
    • A dialogue between various strata, castes and tribes within the Dalit community has been initiated.
    • Nineteenth-century geologists, basing their estimate on sedimentary rock strata, gauged Earth's age to be hundreds of millions of years.
    • Lower Cambrian and subordinate Precambrian strata are mainly metamorphic marine clastic deposits and underlie parts of the western section of the county.
    • Taking giant leaps towards modernism is not wrong, but development has to be balanced and it should reach the lowest strata of the society, so that no one is left deprived of its benefits.
    • Critics, all from the upper-middle classes, associated street clamor with the lower social strata.
    • The deposition of Palaeogene siliciclastic shelf strata in the Wessex Basin cannot be interpreted exclusively in terms of fluctuations in relative sea level.
    • Carboniferous to Cretaceous strata are exposed in an extensive series of outcrops along the east coast of Greenland.
    • By the 1950s confusion had arisen over the use of geological terms referring to strata and to time.
    • All these strata tend to be endogamous or, in the south, observe the marital rule of hypergamy, in which men marry within their strata or lower and women marry their equals or higher-status men.
    • Overlying the Jurassic succession, a thin sequence of basal Cretaceous strata including the Greensand is characterized by radial outward dips.
    • Roma were again the least educated social stratum.
    • To suggest that a thin stratum of Anglo-Saxon immigrants, ruling a vastly larger population, without a written language or a state level of organisation, could linguistically assimilate their social inferiors simply makes no sense.
    • Now, in the old agrarian societies-societies of the sort fundamental to Oriental culture-there were primarily four classes of human beings: four social strata.
    • George believed that the Grand Canyon had a soul, that it wasn't merely rocks, strata, and accumulated layers of lava and sediments.
    • His carved plywood canvasses are acutely reminiscent of fossil imprints layered in geological strata.
    • All the wells penetrate Mesozoic strata, and 40 wells penetrate Palaeozoic strata.
    • Nestling into exposed rock, the house appears deeply rooted in the ground itself, emerging as an extension of the geological strata beneath it.
    • In this paper, we describe the use of spectral gamma-ray logs in testing and refining high-resolution stratigraphy in fluvial strata.
    • There is no question that the working class must strive to win the support of other classes and intermediate social strata in the struggle against global capitalism.
    • This process is of particular significance in the case of the working class, that social stratum said to have been most resistant to Nazi propaganda.
    • Additional control on the subsurface continuity of the strata is provided by seismic data.
    • It is also to be seen in the idea that universities should see that their teaching role benefits the community widely and not just those drawn from a narrow stratum within the community.
    • Inliers of Avalonian strata crop out in the west of the English Midlands in Shropshire.
    • Whatever the short-term outcome of these manoeuvres, the splits and divisions within Fiji's ruling strata will only fester and lead to further political instability.
    • There may also be much variation in sexual behavior and meanings within similar socioeconomic strata.
    • Carboniferous and Permian strata often contain useful index fossils belonging to this group.
    • Where the middling strata were thin on the ground, as in Spain or Hungary, liberalism could take on a strong aristocratic tinge.
    • Beneath a thin veneer of Pleistocene sediments, it encountered a thick sequence of Cenozoic and Jurassic strata separated by major unconformities.
    • If a single mammalian fossil were found in situ in precambrian rock strata, evolution would be falsified.
    • The approaches of different countries, social strata and classes differ as well.
    • The syn-rift succession overlies Eocene to Oligocene pre-rift strata with an angular unconformity.
    • First, there is a thin but very influential stratum of intellectuals - broadly defined, as people with Western-style higher education, especially in the humanities and social sciences.
    • Because of this, it has often been difficult to correlate rock strata with layers from other localities.
    • Extensional faults are planed by a regional unconformity that is overstepped by Permian to Cretaceous strata.
    • The sequence ends with Upper Carboniferous continental-facies molasse deposits, including redbeds and coal-bearing strata.
    • Women generally have a high status in the working class, but not in other social strata.
  • 2

    Biology
    estrato masculine
    • While Instonians have desires on Division 2 football, the club apparently is not anxious to play in the top strata, feeling that Ulster should be the only professional team in the north.
    • It, or at least its basic stratum, is the spatio-temporal world of things as we experience it in our pre-scientific and extra-scientific life.
    • If canopy birds have a greater need to shift downwards than understory birds, the strata of canopy birds should be wider than those of understory birds.
    • His goal in translating was ‘to get back to the first stratum of the language’.
    • Their experiences and rhetoric are often hard to disentangle in the autobiographical strata of the novel.
    • Their proposal consists of vertical structures organized into horizontal strata, including cultural space and green space.
    • The sample was chosen from randomly selected public school districts and individual private schools within geographic strata throughout the state.
    • We assumed, in the statistical model, that censoring was independent of breast cancer risk within each stratum of stress.
    • As the song progresses, it seems to become both more structured and overwhelming, as its ever-expanding stratum seems to congeal into a more regular pattern.
    • The layeredness that Smithson found within the various strata of the jetty, Shaw finds in, and grafts into, the process of textual production.
    • Cody's hypothesis would require that an individual remains within a smaller stratum in the high-density layer than in the low-density layer.
    • Hence the use of collage, the endlessly repainted surfaces, the emphasis on ghostly traces within the underlying strata of the painting.
    • This scale is suited to identification of strata even within relatively homogeneous lower-SES populations.
    • The decision to baptize chips under a thin liquid stratum will allow the making of circuits with features that measure the breadth of a virus.
    • If a school refused to participate, they selected a replacement school within the same stratum.
    • Within each stratum, calves were randomly assigned to one of two finishing systems.
    • Dissonance emerges through highly structured chord strata and haunting tonalities and atonalities working with and then against one another.
    • The corruption and get-rich-quick mentality on Wall Street found its direct reflection within the privileged strata that make up the union bureaucracy.
    • However, the three strata should be considered as three separate trials of similar design.
    • It was the last week of October, and a stratum of dry leaves crackled beneath our feet while we walked.
  • 3

    Linguistics
    estrato masculine