In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(hit)(person) pegarle a(person) golpear(blow) dar(blow) pegar(key) pulsarhe struck the child on the face — le pegó al niño en la cara
- who struck the first blow? — ¿quién dio / pegó el primer golpe?
- to strike sb a blow — darle un golpe a algn
- he struck me a blow on the head — me dio un golpe / me golpeó en la cabeza
- strike the keys evenly — pulse las teclas uniformemente
- he struck his fist on the table / he struck the table with his fist — pegó / dio un puñetazo en la mesa
1.2(collide with, fall on)(vehicle) chocar contra(vehicle) dar contra(ball/stone) pegar contra(ball/stone) dar contra(bullet/lightning) alcanzarthe ship struck a rock — el barco chocó / dio contra una roca
- I struck my head on the beam — me di (un golpe) en la cabeza contra la viga
- the tree was struck by lightning — cayó un rayo en el árbol
- he was struck by a bullet — fue alcanzado por una bala
- a dull moan struck her ear — un gemido apagado llegó hasta sus oídos
2.1(attack)(bombers/troops) atacar(eagle/tiger) atacar(tiger/eagle) caer sobre
2.2(afflict)her death struck me hard — su muerte fue un gran golpe para mí
- they were struck with remorse — se llenaron de remordimiento
- I was struck with astonishment — me quedé paralizado de asombro
- He said the disease had struck his farm two months previously and very soon afterwards no rabbits were spotted.
- On 1 June 2001, tragedy struck at the heart of the country.
- The family lost their sheep in a cull in April 2001 and by May the disease struck the dairy herd, forcing the family to think hard about the future.
- The infectious disease struck eight of her family members, taking the lives of her mother and father.
- A major earthquake has struck Tokyo about every 75 years for the past several centuries.
- From your extensive music collection, what five CDs would you save in the event of some natural disaster striking your home?
- As the clock inched towards midnight a storm struck the island marooning everyone there.
- After hail or storm disaster strikes your fields, replanting a grain crop may be nearly impossible due to herbicide carryover or the late planting date.
- Since 1900, moderately damaging earthquakes have struck the seismic zone every few decades.
- After the fire that struck the theatre this past summer, things have been more difficult and the theatre was forced to move.
- In up to 20 per cent of cases a cause will not be found, while a handful of patients are struck by the disease due to a variety of rare triggers.
- This is the second time in two weeks that fire struck the church.
- The Wroughton-based appeal has collected and distributed hundreds of palettes of aid to disaster struck areas since the tsunami hit on December 26.
- Severe drought and other natural disasters struck the country in 1997-98, possibly as a result of the effects of El Niño.
- Disaster struck the region in 2002, when unprecedented rainfall destroyed much of the harvest.
- However disaster struck Messina on 28 December 1908 when an earthquake almost totally destroyed the city.
- Unlike many of nature's deadly forces, earthquakes almost always strike without warning.
- During that period, 57 hurricanes struck the United States, including 21 major storms.
- Farming wasn't an easy way to make a living 10 years ago, and when foot-and-mouth disease struck the countryside last year, it only got worse.
- Then drought and famine struck the community, bringing with it related social and nutritional problems.
3.1(cause to become)to strike sb blind/dumb — dejar ciego/mudo a algn
- I was struck dumb when I saw what she'd done — me quedé muda / sin habla cuando vi lo que había hecho
- to strike sb dead — matar a algn
- I am struck dumb by ali nazik kebabi, a most delicious puréed eggplant.
- The communities were safe again, but he was struck dumb with realization.
- Jack Vettriano is not an artist whose work does anything for me, but I don't dislike it so much that it strikes me dumb.
- For a while everyone was struck dumb with amazement.
- Say those three words in front of me and I would be struck dumb.
- Among the lots was a bosun's whistle given to the widow of a passenger to enable her to communicate after she was struck dumb from grief at losing her husband.
- Yet we're struck dumb or rely on trite explanations when pushed to elaborate.
- I raised my eyes, and instead of greeting the crowd with some random remark, I was struck dumb.
- Before I am struck dumb by incredulity, you might like to know that this test was carried out in the name of research into the theory that women sniff out ideal mates.
- The guy stands up slowly and for the second time that day, I am struck dumb by the sight of an Adonis.
- Enter the Jaya Marthanda gates and you are struck dumb by the perfect proportions and sweep of the palace, though you may be visiting it for the 20th time.
- Occasionally one of my patients is ensnared by one of these superior medical systems and I am struck dumb by the interventions done in the name of quality of care.
- My mother was struck dumb as I had been and said nothing as the women glared at her.
- And when I finally did figure out what he had said, I was struck dumb with shock, and I felt my face slowly infuse with heat.
- She finds it easy to talk to the strangers she meets in her restless wanderings, knowing nothing about them and caring less, but she is struck dumb in the face of her mute daughter.
- This time, however, she was struck dumb and didn't do anything.
- She was struck dumb and he walked past her carefully to call her sister.
- He was struck dumb by the horror before his eyes.
- But there are times when I am struck dumb, either because I am extremely uncomfortable or because, unusually, I have nothing to say.
- The Prime Minister was struck dumb and probably deaf.
3.2(introduce)to strike fear/terror into sb — infundirle miedo/terror a algn
- it struck doubt into their minds — hizo que los asaltaran las dudas
- Digging up an old Mafia stereotype always struck the fear into them, thought the Don.
- That name struck a chill into his bones, though he had been there countless times in the past.
- She strikes a certain fear into my heart, as if she knows something we don't.
- Well, I think this probably struck a little fear into the heart of the regime.
- To this day nobody has any idea who he was but he struck a certain terror into the city and an interest.
- It is the memory of this horrendous episode that has struck such fear into the inhabitants of Freetown today.
- They don't, however, strike much fear into young Cubans, who erupted into laughter as soon as I mentioned them.
- He was a pirate who struck a deep loathing into the heart of every enemy.
- And, of course, there was our defensive line, the one that struck such terror into opponents that it became known as ‘the Fearsome Foursome’.
- I'm always annoyed that his gold medal haul strikes such awe into people.
- When placed together, the words ‘world premiere‘and ‘opera‘can strike a chill into a music lover.
- But it was the highest level since Tokyo began keeping track in 1953, and struck a deep chill into the hearts of many Japanese.
- We received a press release this morning which struck such fear into our hearts we decided that we had to let you, the innocent public, know of its existence as quickly as possible, in order to avoid mass panic.
- Even the situation with Morgan LeFay had not struck such terror into the creature.
- He is promising ‘changes’ the likes of which are likely striking fears into the hearts of the present team.
4.1(occur to)ocurrirsean awful thought struck me — se me ocurrió algo terrible
- it strikes me (that) … — se me ocurre que …
- inspiration struck me in the shower — me vino la inspiración en la ducha
- the funny side of the situation struck me afterwards — más tarde le pude ver el lado cómico a la situación
4.2(impress)parecerle ahow did she strike you? — ¿qué impresión te causó?
- it strikes me as odd — me parece raro
- she struck Paul as lazy — a Paul le dio la impresión de ser perezosa
5.1(oil/gold/uranium) encontrar(oil/uranium/gold) dar conlater we struck the right path — luego dimos con el buen camino
- to strike it lucky — tener un golpe de suerte
- to strike it rich — hacer fortuna
5.2(obstacle/trouble) tropezar con(trouble/obstacle) encontraryou have struck a bad week for weather — te ha tocado una semana de mal tiempo
6.1(match/light) encender(light/match) prenderto strike sparks — echar chispas informal
7.1Music(note) dar(chord) tocar
7.2(clock) darthe clock has just struck the hour/five (o'clock) — el reloj acaba de dar la hora/las cinco
8(enter into, arrive at)to strike a deal — cerrar un trato
- to strike a balance between … — encontrar el justo equilibrio entre …
10(take down)(flag/sail) arriar(tent) desmontarto strike camp — levantar el campamento
- to strike the set — desmontar los decorados
11(delete)suprimirthe remark was struck from / out of the transcript — el comentario se suprimió de la transcripción
- his name was struck off the register — se borró su nombre del registro
12(insert, plant)(cutting) plantar(roots) echar
1(hit)(person) golpear(person) asestar un golpe(lightning) caerhe collapsed as the bullet struck — se desplomó al ser alcanzado por la bala
- he always strikes with deadly accuracy — sus golpes son siempre tremendamente certeros
- lightning never strikes in the same place twice — los rayos nunca caen dos veces en el mismo sitio
- (to be) within striking distance (of sth) — (estar) a un paso (de algo)
- to strike lucky — tener un golpe de suerte
2(attack)(commandos/bombers) atacar(snake/tiger) atacar(snake/tiger) caer sobre su presa(police) intervenir(police) actuarhe stood, sword in hand, poised to strike — esperaba, espada en mano, listo para atacar
- Banks struck in the seventh minute — Banks marcó en el séptimo minuto
- to strike at sth/sb — atacar algo/a algn
- she struck at him with a knife — lo atacó con un cuchillo
3(happen suddenly)(illness/misfortune) sobrevenir(disaster) ocurrirthen inspiration struck — entonces me inspiré (/ nos inspiramos etc. )
4(withdraw labor)hacer huelgadeclararse en huelgadeclararse en paro Latin Americathey're threatening to strike — amenazan con hacer un paro Latin America
- to strike for higher pay — hacer huelga por reivindicaciones salariales
- they were striking in sympathy with the miners — estaban en / de huelga en solidaridad con los mineros
5(move)dirigirseenfilarwe struck across country — enfilamos / nos dirigimos campo a través
- to strike (off) left/right — dirigirse / enfilar a la izquierda/derecha
7(clock) dar la horatwo o'clock struck — dieron las dos
8(seed/plant) echar raíces(plant/seed) arraigar
9(match) encenderse(match) prender
1(stoppage)huelga feminineparo masculine Latin Americato be on strike — estar en / de paro Latin America
- to call a strike — convocar una huelga
- to come out / go (out) on strike — ir a la huelga
- to break a strike — (workers, employees) esquirolear
- official/unofficial strike — huelga oficial/no oficial
- general/selective strike — paro general/parcial
- hunger strike — huelga de hambre
- before noun to take strike action — ir a la huelga
- strike ballot / vote — votación de huelga
- strike fund — fondo de resistencia
2(find)descubrimiento masculinea lucky strike — un golpe de suerte
4(in bowling)pleno masculinechuza feminine Mexico
5(in baseball)strike masculinestrike three! — ¡strike tres!
- to have two strikes against one — no tenerlas todas consigo (/ conmigo etc. )
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