In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(hit)(person) pegarle a(person) golpear(blow) dar(blow) pegar(key) pulsarhe struck the child on the face — le pegó al niño en la cara
- who struck the first blow? — ¿quién dio / pegó el primer golpe?
- to strike sb a blow — darle un golpe a algn
- he struck me a blow on the head — me dio un golpe / me golpeó en la cabeza
- strike the keys evenly — pulse las teclas uniformemente
- he struck his fist on the table / he struck the table with his fist — golpeó la mesa con el puño
1.2(collide with, fall on)(vehicle/wall/tree) chocar contra(vehicle/tree/wall) dar contra(ball/stone/tree/wall) pegar contra(ball/stone/wall/tree) dar contra(bullet/lightning/wall/tree) alcanzarthe ship struck a rock — el barco chocó / dio contra una roca
- I struck my head on the beam — me di (un golpe) en la cabeza contra la viga
- the tree was struck by lightning — cayó un rayo en el árbol
- he was struck by a bullet — fue alcanzado por una bala
- a dull moan struck her ear — un gemido apagado llegó hasta sus oídos
2.1(attack)(bombers/troops) atacar(tiger/eagle) atacar(tiger/eagle) caer sobre
2.2(afflict)her death struck me hard — su muerte fue un gran golpe para mí
- they were struck with remorse — se llenaron de remordimiento
- I was struck with astonishment — me quedé paralizado de asombro
- Disaster struck the region in 2002, when unprecedented rainfall destroyed much of the harvest.
- In up to 20 per cent of cases a cause will not be found, while a handful of patients are struck by the disease due to a variety of rare triggers.
- Unlike many of nature's deadly forces, earthquakes almost always strike without warning.
- On 1 June 2001, tragedy struck at the heart of the country.
- However disaster struck Messina on 28 December 1908 when an earthquake almost totally destroyed the city.
- This is the second time in two weeks that fire struck the church.
- During that period, 57 hurricanes struck the United States, including 21 major storms.
- He said the disease had struck his farm two months previously and very soon afterwards no rabbits were spotted.
- Then drought and famine struck the community, bringing with it related social and nutritional problems.
- After hail or storm disaster strikes your fields, replanting a grain crop may be nearly impossible due to herbicide carryover or the late planting date.
- The Wroughton-based appeal has collected and distributed hundreds of palettes of aid to disaster struck areas since the tsunami hit on December 26.
- Severe drought and other natural disasters struck the country in 1997-98, possibly as a result of the effects of El Niño.
- The infectious disease struck eight of her family members, taking the lives of her mother and father.
- After the fire that struck the theatre this past summer, things have been more difficult and the theatre was forced to move.
- The family lost their sheep in a cull in April 2001 and by May the disease struck the dairy herd, forcing the family to think hard about the future.
- Farming wasn't an easy way to make a living 10 years ago, and when foot-and-mouth disease struck the countryside last year, it only got worse.
- From your extensive music collection, what five CDs would you save in the event of some natural disaster striking your home?
- Since 1900, moderately damaging earthquakes have struck the seismic zone every few decades.
- As the clock inched towards midnight a storm struck the island marooning everyone there.
- A major earthquake has struck Tokyo about every 75 years for the past several centuries.
3.1(cause to become)to strike sb blind/dumb — dejar ciego/mudo a algn
- I was struck dumb when I saw what she'd done — me quedé muda / sin habla cuando vi lo que había hecho
- to strike sb dead — matar a algn
- But there are times when I am struck dumb, either because I am extremely uncomfortable or because, unusually, I have nothing to say.
- For a while everyone was struck dumb with amazement.
- The guy stands up slowly and for the second time that day, I am struck dumb by the sight of an Adonis.
- Before I am struck dumb by incredulity, you might like to know that this test was carried out in the name of research into the theory that women sniff out ideal mates.
- She finds it easy to talk to the strangers she meets in her restless wanderings, knowing nothing about them and caring less, but she is struck dumb in the face of her mute daughter.
- Among the lots was a bosun's whistle given to the widow of a passenger to enable her to communicate after she was struck dumb from grief at losing her husband.
- Say those three words in front of me and I would be struck dumb.
- He was struck dumb by the horror before his eyes.
- I raised my eyes, and instead of greeting the crowd with some random remark, I was struck dumb.
- I am struck dumb by ali nazik kebabi, a most delicious puréed eggplant.
- She was struck dumb and he walked past her carefully to call her sister.
- The Prime Minister was struck dumb and probably deaf.
- My mother was struck dumb as I had been and said nothing as the women glared at her.
- Enter the Jaya Marthanda gates and you are struck dumb by the perfect proportions and sweep of the palace, though you may be visiting it for the 20th time.
- And when I finally did figure out what he had said, I was struck dumb with shock, and I felt my face slowly infuse with heat.
- Jack Vettriano is not an artist whose work does anything for me, but I don't dislike it so much that it strikes me dumb.
- The communities were safe again, but he was struck dumb with realization.
- This time, however, she was struck dumb and didn't do anything.
- Yet we're struck dumb or rely on trite explanations when pushed to elaborate.
- Occasionally one of my patients is ensnared by one of these superior medical systems and I am struck dumb by the interventions done in the name of quality of care.
3.2(introduce)it struck doubt into their minds — hizo que los asaltaran las dudas
- We received a press release this morning which struck such fear into our hearts we decided that we had to let you, the innocent public, know of its existence as quickly as possible, in order to avoid mass panic.
- When placed together, the words ‘world premiere‘and ‘opera‘can strike a chill into a music lover.
- Even the situation with Morgan LeFay had not struck such terror into the creature.
- To this day nobody has any idea who he was but he struck a certain terror into the city and an interest.
- They don't, however, strike much fear into young Cubans, who erupted into laughter as soon as I mentioned them.
- That name struck a chill into his bones, though he had been there countless times in the past.
- He was a pirate who struck a deep loathing into the heart of every enemy.
- Well, I think this probably struck a little fear into the heart of the regime.
- But it was the highest level since Tokyo began keeping track in 1953, and struck a deep chill into the hearts of many Japanese.
- Digging up an old Mafia stereotype always struck the fear into them, thought the Don.
- And, of course, there was our defensive line, the one that struck such terror into opponents that it became known as ‘the Fearsome Foursome’.
- I'm always annoyed that his gold medal haul strikes such awe into people.
- He is promising ‘changes’ the likes of which are likely striking fears into the hearts of the present team.
- She strikes a certain fear into my heart, as if she knows something we don't.
- It is the memory of this horrendous episode that has struck such fear into the inhabitants of Freetown today.
4.1(occur to)(+ me/te/le etc) ocurrirsean awful thought struck me — se me ocurrió algo terrible
- it strikes me (that) … — se me ocurre que …
- inspiration struck me in the shower — me vino la inspiración en la ducha
- the funny side of the situation struck me afterwards — más tarde le pude ver el lado cómico a la situación
4.2(impress)parecerle ahow did she strike you? — ¿qué te pareció (a ti)?
- it strikes me as odd — me parece raro
- she struck Paul as lazy — a Paul le dio la impresión de ser perezosa
5.1(oil/uranium/gold) encontrar(oil/uranium/gold) dar conlater we struck the right path — luego dimos con el buen camino
5.2(trouble/obstacle) tropezar con(trouble/obstacle) encontraryou have struck a bad week for weather — te ha tocado una semana de mal tiempo
6.1(light/match) encender(match/light) prenderto strike sparks — echar chispas
7.1Music(note) dar(chord) tocar
7.2(clock) darthe clock has just struck the hour/five (o'clock) — el reloj acaba de dar la hora/las cinco
9(take down)(flag/sail) arriar(tent) desmontarto strike camp — levantar el campamento
- to strike the set — desmontar los decorados
10(delete)suprimirthe remark was struck from / out of the transcript — el comentario se suprimió de la transcripción
- his name was struck off the register — se borró su nombre del registro
11(insert, plant)(cutting) plantar(roots) echar
1(hit)(person) golpear(person) asestar un golpe(lightning) caerhe collapsed as the bullet struck — se desplomó al ser alcanzado por la bala
- he always strikes with deadly accuracy — sus golpes son siempre tremendamente certeros
- to strike lucky — tener un golpe de suerte
2.1(attack)(bombers/commandos) atacar(snake/tiger) atacar(snake/tiger) caer sobre su presa(police) intervenir(police) actuarhe stood, sword in hand, poised to strike — esperaba, espada en mano, listo para atacar
- Banks struck in the seventh minute — Banks marcó en el séptimo minuto
- to strike at sth/sb — atacar algo/a algn
- she struck at him with a knife — lo atacó con un cuchillo
2.2(happen suddenly)(misfortune/illness) sobrevenir(disaster) ocurrirthen inspiration struck — entonces me inspiré (or nos inspiramos etc.)
3(withdraw labor)hacer huelgadeclararse en huelgadeclararse en paro Latin Americathey're threatening to strike — amenazan con hacer un paro Latin America
- to strike for higher pay — hacer un paro por reivindicaciones salariales
- they were striking in sympathy with the miners — estaban en / de huelga en solidaridad con los mineros
4.1(move)dirigirseenfilarwe struck across country — enfilamos / nos dirigimos campo a través
- to strike (off) left/right — dirigirse / enfilar a la izquierda/derecha
5(clock) dar la horatwo o'clock struck — dieron las dos
6(plant/seed) echar raíces(plant/seed) arraigar
7(match) encenderse(match) prender
1(stoppage)huelga feminineparo masculine Latin Americato be on strike — estar en / de huelga
- to call a strike — convocar una huelga
- to come out / go (out) on strike — declararse en paro
- to break a strike — carnerear
- official/unofficial strike — paro oficial/no oficial
- general/selective strike — paro general/parcial
- hunger strike — huelga de hambre
- before noun to take strike action — ir a la huelga
- strike ballot / vote — votación de huelga
- strike fund — fondo de resistencia
- And we have to look at going beyond one-day strikes which the employers can hope to ride out.
- Taxi drivers and shop owners went on strike yesterday to protest what the opposition says was widespread rigging of the elections.
- Under the agreement, protests and strikes by public employees would be outlawed.
- This is now the longest strike at this plant in more than a decade.
- An employer has to pay his employees wages during a strike and cannot lock them out.
- Thousands of learner drivers across the country were left disappointed yesterday as examiners went on strike over pay.
- Over the last year, hospital workers from all sectors have been engaged in strikes and protests over pay and conditions.
- The one-day strike was to protest the wave of budget cutbacks that have degraded medical care.
- Eight months after the Conservatives were elected in Ontario, provincial employees went on strike for the first time ever.
- In 2000 workers protested and went on strike against the threat of job cuts.
- On 3rd January this year, union members went on strike when negotiations over pay and conditions broke down.
- It is a slap in the face for those employees who went on strike for better pay.
- However, student protests and strikes by government employees show that people are still unhappy with Benin's weak economy.
- Doctors went on strike, and people protested in the streets in numbers not seen since the war.
- In 1956 Polish workers went on strike to protest against food shortages and other restrictions.
- In Lahore again 4,000 railway employees also went on strike.
- The bulk of the protests were collective: strikes, bandhs, processions, boycotts and dharnas.
- Trains, planes, schools, even opera houses faced disruption yesterday as millions of Italians went on strike to protest reforms of the pensions system.
- His beat ranged as far as Broken Hill, where he was the union's man on the spot when railway workers went on strike for the first time since the great strike of 1917.
- In 1973, when unions went on strike to protest falling real wages, the government outlawed strikes and imposed fines and prison sentences.
2(find)descubrimiento masculinea lucky strike — un golpe de suerte
- The data is used to test a range of hypotheses about the correlates of mining strikes.
- The museum is located in Mariposa, which had some of the Gold Country's richest strikes.
- At Nashville we all felt we were in the gold fields and no one seemed to have made a strike.
- She moved to San Francisco, then followed the silver rush to Nevada and the gold strike of the Cassiar area of Alaska.
- Tracey and Pete went out looking for any signs of a gold strike or something, anything of value in the land.
- With the door open to so many options, hawks and hard-liners of many stripes have been arguing for a wide range of punitive military strikes.
- And of course, his record on preemptive military strikes is not exactly stellar either.
- This will be vital to the decision on whether to launch a military strike.
- Give us your perspective, what it would mean for the U.S. to launch military strikes against any of those countries?
- However, none of the above is sufficient justification for a preemptive military strike.
- He appealed to Britain and the US to abandon threats of a military strike.
- Now, he has added the threat of preemptive military strikes.
- While they do want an attack, a military strike, they're saying don't rush into it.
- The reader is led to believe that Stalin oriented his military commanders toward a preemptive strike by the Red Army.
- The extent of protection from a nuclear strike at their silos was considerably improved.
- For these types of organizations and situations, military strikes and police actions are useful.
- In the 1956 war in the Sinai, Israel proved that a preemptive strike could delay an enemy's preparation for war for years.
- Washington has declined to rule out military strikes.
- The doctrine invites abuse because it offers no criteria by which to judge a threat justifying a preemptive strike.
- No other country in the world has given such unqualified support to America's new policy of pre-emptive military strikes.
- Combat helicopters should act from ambushes by delivering strikes at tanks and other armored objects.
- Are we to understand that they, also, are entitled to launch massive military strikes against their attackers?
- Strictly speaking, it is wrong to call this attack a preemptive strike.
- If they don't stop this process, should the U.S. consider a military preemptive strike?
- Rather than talk about military strikes, the United States should put its full weight behind this process.
(in bowling)pleno masculinechuza feminine Mexico
- Healey began the game with three consecutive strikes before leaving the 10-pin standing in the 4th frame.
- More than two dozen bowlers have started a game with 11 strikes, but for various reasons, tossed a channel ball or fouled to finish with 290.
- I struck on my first ball to clinch the title and then added two more strikes.
- Throwing strikes is great because you knock down all 10 pins and don't have to shoot a spare.
- No one throws a strike every ball, which is why filling frames is very important.
- I couldn't believe it because I thought it was a strike when he let it go.
- Couch finished with four strikes and a spare to lock up the win.
- In a three-game match, I always have fewer than 10 strikes, catch a few splits, and the night is lost.
- It's a weird feeling to throw nine strikes and know you still need a mark in the 10th frame in order to win.
- Duke alternated strikes and spares over the first five frames before striking in the 6th for a double.
- His role as a judge, as he said, is to call the balls and strikes as he sees them.
- If you see strikes being thrown all over the place, that likely means the lanes are a bit more forgiving.
- But instead of going in the gutter, the ball hooked into the pocket for a strike.
- Carol had to get two strikes and a good count on her fill ball in the 10th frame to win the tournament.
- I needed three strikes to win, and I threw three good balls and got strikes.
- With nine strikes to open the game, Wiseman stepped up in the 10th having already won the trophy.
- It would have been nice to get my first win, but I just wasn't getting the strikes.
- He didn't, throwing four consecutive strikes to take the early lead.
- Because I have a heavy ball roll, I can often roll a strike with a light hit.
- Entry fees go into a weekly center jackpot, and a bowler who rolls the required strikes wins the in-center pot.
(in baseball)strike masculinestrike three! — ¡strike tres!
- to have two strikes against one — no tenerlas todas consigo (or conmigo etc.)
- Piazza was down one strike and no balls when he slammed Rivera's second pitch deep to center field.
- With two outs and first base occupied, the catcher needs to tag the batter on a dropped third strike or throw to first.
- The batter is automatically out for a hunt foul on a third strike.
- Down to his final strike, he swung late at a fast ball and lofted a pop-up down the third base line.
- By the time the batter swung, strike three was already in the catcher's mitt.
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