In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(topic)tema masculineto drop the subject — dejar el tema
- to get off the subject — salirse / desviarse del tema
- to get back to the subject — volver al tema
- to keep off a subject — evitar un tema
- that's a rather delicate subject — ese es un tema / asunto bastante delicado
- on the subject of work — hablando de trabajo
- while we're on the subject, who …? — a propósito del tema / ya que estamos hablando de esto ¿quién …?
- to be the subject of controversy/criticism — ser objeto de polémica/críticas
- I'd like to raise the subject of finance — quisiera plantear el problema de la financiación
- Rowlands tried but failed to secure an emergency parliamentary statement on the subject.
- It seems clear from the responses that we prefer to put to the backs of our minds unpalatable subjects such as injury, death, being left without a partner or our children being orphaned.
- With that as his last statement on the subject, suddenly, he too was racing out the door.
- Most mathematicians study the subject because they develop such a deep love of the topic.
- The Musical Times is a quarterly journal that considers for publication articles on a wide variety of musical subjects.
- They have a guest speaker at their monthly meetings, dealing with subjects diverse and interesting.
- Another indication may be whether I am asked to speak about a subject that involves this statement.
- Find something that you think would make a good subject and submit a proposal.
- But too often he speaks his mind on subjects best left alone, and he will undoubtedly upset someone, somewhere.
- Columella was a Roman soldier and farmer who wrote extensively on agriculture and similar subjects, hoping to foster in people a love for farming and a liking for the simple life.
- When I went to the library to see if there was anything on the subject there was very little.
- He wrote five works on the subject, the most important of which is one on inference.
- Mr Smith should present reasoned arguments, not use broad sweeping statements about subjects which it seems he does not fully understand.
- Since all three of these surfaces have been subjects of projects for me, I could not resist the temptation to illustrate The Proof of Archytas.
- Indeed, throughout the book there is the recurrent suggestion that a grand connection between the two subjects will be revealed.
- We welcome proposals suggesting new subjects for review essays, both within and across disciplines.
- Anything written on the subject is now a look back at a historical event.
- They do this because they think one should discuss questions about goodness, justice and expediency in this place which was founded by the man who made all these subjects his business.
- In the beginning, conditions in the camp were tolerable and some prisoners, being specialists in certain fields, would entertain themselves by lecturing to others on diverse subjects.
- Despite some bold statements, the subject always came back to science.
2(discipline)asignatura femininemateria feminine Latin Americaramo masculine Chilespecialist subject — especialidad feminine
- Mr. Burke is quick to caution that no education is free of cultural bias, even if the subject being taught is physics or biology.
- Academic freedom is not to be completely free to decide what subjects to teach, or even what material to cover, but free to write and express new ideas.
- On the other hand, districts have used shortages to rationalize the employment of people who have not studied and do nor know the subjects they will teach.
- So from that we can conclude that girls have more knowledge about the subjects which are examined in today's society than boys.
- The names of the high school and college subjects in this story have been changed for the sake of privacy.
- Why can English and maths not be taught within subjects like history and geography rather than separately?
- It is there that subjects are taught in Gaelic, the only college in Scotland where this happens.
- They gain knowledge of subjects in which they are and are not interested.
- I was taught all the regular subjects, algebra and trigonometry, English and classical literature, history and current events.
- It is important for young people to have training opportunities, but the place for teaching these subjects is at college.
- They bought a cottage on the main street and converted it into a shop called Reading Glasses which specializes in women's studies and social sciences, the subjects she used to teach.
- Even kindergartens teach kids advanced subjects such as math, English and Chinese characters.
- Besides content, the manner in which subjects are taught has differential effects on the children of those in dominant and subordinate positions.
- Physical Education lessons are part of the National Curriculum and therefore the subject is taught in schools up and down the country.
- He was principal of Granville High School and taught a variety of subjects in Ohio public schools.
- The National Curriculum, stipulating subjects to be studied until the age of 16, is also introduced.
- He is now attached to a primary school, even though he is qualified to teach politics and other subjects in middle schools.
- Immersion programs, in which some or all academic subjects are taught in the foreign language, are content based.
- The standing of the teaching profession is such that those leaving schools with high performances in science and technology related subjects do not choose teaching as a career.
- He realised that a writer had to widen his mind when he encountered cartoonist Madan's multifaceted knowledge of subjects from anthropology to psychology.
3Politicssúbdito masculinesúbdita feminineBritish subject — súbdito británico
- He was most tolerant of all Mughal rulers and let his subjects practice their faiths without any fear of persecution.
- Rulers are above their subjects, at a distance, and not fully observed.
- The strange case of Duleep Singh, Victoria's favorite Maharaja: a ruler without any subjects.
- An increasing number of subjects felt that members of the royal family wished to be ordinary people when it suited them, royal when it did not.
- After all, in opening the gallery in 1962, she had been the first British monarch to let her subjects give the family silverware to the Antiques Roadshow once-over.
- In saltana, there are no citizens, only subjects, while the ruler is unaccountable except to God.
- The relationship that the population of Northern Ireland - elites and ordinary people - have to the peace process is like that of subjects to a monarch.
- She argues that the identification of subjects as tribe members or peasants reflects very different terms of access to resources in the eyes of the state.
- The traditional ruler explained that his subjects had vowed to vote for any of the opposition parties that may adopt candidates from the local people living in Chilubi.
- Rather, diverse theories have been employed to explain why rulers and subjects think and act as they do and how their thoughts and actions shape the course of politics.
- The gulf between the union's rulers and their subjects is now unbridgeable.
- The very nature of this prohibition makes it ideally adapted to produce direct effects in the legal relationship between Member States and their subjects.
- The priests were said to use the sacraments to make the Queen's subjects switch their allegiance to the King of Spain.
- They were primarily to secure the allegiance of their subject, with most barons providing military service.
- These answers are interchangeable and, what is more important, absolve both rulers and subjects from facing reality and taking responsibility.
- The films shared a common theme: the princess-turned-stunt-woman must conquer evil power in the kingdom and set free good subjects and rulers.
- The highest duty of a ruler is to protect his subjects; the ruler who enjoys the rewards of his position is bound to that duty.
- According to the Islamic Treatise on Holy Law, the ruler comes to power by an agreement between the ruler and his subjects.
- These historians believe that the Taj Mahal symbolizes the tyranny of a powerful ruler exploiting his subjects and flaunting his magnificence to the world.
- They had suffered severe persecution since 1570, when the Pope had excommunicated Elizabeth, releasing her subjects from their allegiance to her.
4Psychology Medicinesujeto masculinerats are often the subjects of scientific experiments — con frecuencia se utilizan ratas como sujetos de experimentos científicos
- Beecher, himself a physician, detailed the routine abuses of human research subjects in medical experiments.
- In these experiments, test subjects with maladies ranging from severe brain trauma to bipolar disorder undergo a battery of visual tests.
- Asthma was documented by the subject's medical history and by physician diagnosis.
- This was measured by responses to binary forced choice questions (yes or no) asking if the subjects would take the proposed action.
- Davies is also keen on another idea: getting the subjects of medical research, the patients, more involved.
- Several subjects produced diagnosis cards and follow-up notes from medical clinics.
- Just as every article has a list of authors, every research study should include a statement regarding human subjects.
- This would have enhanced slightly the observed difference in D between the healthy subjects and the emphysema patients.
- Things get problematic when you confuse the test result with the subject.
- None of the control subjects were taking prescription medications, and all had normal spirometry.
- The crucial difference between the two series is that, although they both set out to explain human development, only the television series projects scientific theory onto real subjects.
- The subjects, from Medicare lists, were followed for 5 years to look for new heart attacks, angina, heart failure or stroke.
- Our medical researchers are in desperate need of real, human subjects to experiment with cures, as they have been unfairly restricted to the use of white rats.
- Our methodology could be used to address this question and to identify those attributes that are common predictors of quality for different medical subjects.
- None of the subjects acknowledged using any medications, including over-the-counter drugs.
- Repeating the experiments with other subjects adversely affects the scientific value of the results.
- This is a condition in which subjects have had a portion of their primary visual cortex destroyed, and apparently become blind in a region of their visual field as a result.
- Once their clinical training begins medical students are subject to high levels of stress, and some do not respond well.
- Perhaps the greatest surprise in the study was the huge disparity between how the subjects performed in the real life situations and their results on the test.
- The proposed study subjects would be twenty victims of violent assault who have been given diagnoses of post-traumatic stress disorder.
5.1Linguistics Philosophysujeto masculine
- In the philosophy of consciousness a subject has over against it a world of objects.
- An incidental point: once we have accusative subjects, the third-person singular verb form comes in here comes me is just what we'd expect.
- Two of the subjects produced target language variants of the two structures more consistently after pronoun subjects than after subjects containing a noun.
- In the latter case some go as far as speaking unhesitatingly of the mind as a subject - or a self, ego, or even a soul.
- Object in his parlance means something met with in experience, or in the subject's consciousness.
- There are verbs taking a subject and two objects and a subordinate clause.
- This style is formal, favouring noun clauses as subjects and objects, and often postponing the main verb, or distancing it from the subject.
- Government is an extension of the traditional term whereby a verb governs its object, but for Chomsky prepositions may govern and subjects may be governed.
- Schumann often worries his musical subjects beyond their deadline.
- When changing from the lighter Handel subjects to the deep tragedy of Haydn, immediately his mannerism changed and so did the mood of the audience.
- Indeed, the fugue's subject is almost a twin to the opening theme of Flos campi.
- At the premiere Handel gave an organ extemporisation on the fugal subject taken up by the choir.
- A second subject is more lyrical, but the first is never far away and is used to conclude the movement.
1(owing obedience)(province/people/nation) sometidosubject to sb/sth
- subject to French laws/to foreign rule — bajo jurisdicción francesa/dominación extranjera
- subject to natural laws — sujeto a las leyes naturales
- If he is not supported by his own side and if he is then subject to a coup from within fairly rapidly, then we will avoid that scenario.
- For aliens of enemy origin, the imperialist understanding of political subject status meant two things.
- They had to build castles - strong points from which a few men could dominate a subject population.
- The Confessionalization offered the state greater control over the subject population.
- First, there may be a change of mind or a regime change on behalf of the subject country.
- Bitterness at Aztec rule grew ever more intense among the subject peoples and classes.
- England has always dominated the United Kingdom, although its position has not been that of a colonial power over subject nations.
- This elite had no formal place in the fifteenth century constitutions and was therefore not subject to direct control.
2to be subject to
2.1(liable, prone)(delay/change) estar sujeto a(delay/change) ser susceptible de(subsidence/temptation/flooding) estar expuesto a(ill health/depression) ser propenso a
2.2(conditional upon)estar sujeto asubject to agreement by all parties — sujeto a la aprobación de todas las partes
- Banks will have the freedom to charge PLR or sub-PLR rates subject to approval of their boards.
- It is also subject to environmental approval and the negotiation of a satisfactory dredging contract.
- A report to the authority, which meets on Tuesday, recommends approval of some of the plans subject to some design changes.
- Member States of the Community may issue coins subject to approval of the European Central Bank as to volume.
- The Labour group has agreed in principle to the proposals, subject to certain conditions.
- He wants our national security decisions subject to the approval of a foreign government.
- The committee voted to approve the plans subject to a legal occupancy agreement being drawn up.
1(force to undergo)to subject sth/sb to sth — someter algo/a algn a algo
- After producing the knife he subjected them to a terrifying experience during which he made them hand over their valuables, blindfolded them, tied them up and raped them.
- He told Mr Justice Collins: ‘It is inhumane to subject someone to that sort of destitution.’
- Traffic between the dishes was then cut off, and the colony was subjected to one of three treatments.
- A city court today sentenced an executive of a private company and his parents to life imprisonment for causing the death of his wife after subjecting her to extreme cruelty due to dowry demands.
- Curiously, there does not seem to be any footage of the select committee subjecting Alastair Campbell to equivalent treatment.
- I can think of only two reasons to subject travelers to such treatment.
- Furthermore the portrayal of explicit sex without violence, but which subjects people to treatment that is degrading or dehumanizing, would also be obscene if it causes harm.
- It made it an offence to try to force someone to reveal a spent conviction, or to subject someone to unlawful discrimination.
- She also said he subjected her to mental cruelty and caused her to go bankrupt.
- The idea of having his child did not frighten me as much as the thought of myself being forced to marry him or subject a child to his treatment.
- You subjected them to a terrifying experience.
- The researchers placed the crystal-coated phages on a silicon surface and subjected them to a heat treatment that killed off the virus while fusing the crystals into a semi-conducting nanowire.
- Better to leave Brown as a name and a picture on a dust jacket than to subject someone to this version of her story.
- Hospital admission can be a traumatizing event for patients and subjects them to the inevitable treatment errors that occur in this setting.
- ‘If you subject someone to regular colon cleansing, you disrupt the colon's normal function,’ he explains.
- Having no history, we cannot subject their deceptions to the scrutiny of experience, cannot judge their words by the truth of similar words uttered to us in the past.
- He served first on a ship then in an artillery workshop but he found his fellow soldiers very difficult as they subjected him to cruelty.
- ‘They claim to be against cruelty to animals but they are quite happy to subject human beings to mental cruelty,’ he told the paper.
- It's quite another to subject hundreds to that treatment because you've invented such poor mechanisms for screening.
- But again it would be inappropriate and unethical to use a placebo when the consequences of doing so would subject someone to the risk of serious or irreversible harm.
2(make submissive)(nation/people) someter(nation/people) sojuzgar(minds) dominar(minds) controlar
- Moreover, the Malaysian judiciary has been subjected to close political control since independence in 1957.
- His appeal to citizenship rights would be subjected to the jurisdiction of the national laws in whatever state he was residing.
- Once they regained consciousness, they were subjected to same brutal torture.
- In other words, the major German firms were subjected to tight political supervision and control but were still left at least nominally in private ownership.
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