In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(hold up)(bridge/structure) sostenerthe roof is supported by six columns — el tejado descansa sobre / se apoya en seis columnas
- the chair couldn't support his weight — la silla no pudo aguantar / resistir su peso
- she had to support herself on a chair — tuvo que apoyarse en una silla
- It is the frame that supports the weight of the prop and the child actor, distributing it across the body of the bearer.
- Shrubs and the grape arbor, supported on stone columns, give the outdoor room further definition.
- As I took in the movie my index fingers dug hard into my cheekbones, supporting the full weight of my head.
- The inspector ran to her, supporting her weight and staring into her eyes.
- Any exercise which involves you supporting the weight of your own body is recommended to build bone mass.
- James practically carried me out the elevator, since he was supporting my entire weight.
- They used a steel beam to support the weight of the upstairs ones in an attempt to preserve as many of them as possible.
- Everything one does during the day tests the spine's ability to support body weight.
- A structural, or load bearing, brick wall is a wall in which brick supports the weight of the structure.
- The main idea is a big roof supported on only four columns.
- I do not look like a fat man simply because I am tall and can support a lot of weight.
- Carry heavy objects close to your chest, supporting the weight on your forearms.
- The sixty-three-ton dome was also supported by reinforced braces.
- This brings the centre of gravity directly over the right foot, which supports her weight.
- Tractor frames are designed to support the weight and stress of a loader.
- Whenever I am in an elevator, and I am alone, then as soon as the doors close I act as if I am supporting the weight of the thing.
- Keeping your legs straight, raise your body and bottom off the ground until your body is straight and your shoulders and heels are supporting your body weight.
- A structure this heavy would require an extremely strong foundation to support its weight.
- Slowly raise your body and legs off the ground by a few inches, so that your weight is supported on your elbows, and then lower back to the ground.
- A corrugated steel roof supported on circular timber columns provides shade.
1.2Finance Economics(price/growth) mantener(growth/price) sostenera move to support the dollar — una medida para mantener la cotización del dólar / para proteger el dólar
- He's in love with her but is too much of a coward to leave Vanessa, who supports him financially.
- Bravo to the organising committee and all those who assisted with and supported this wonderful venture.
- He thanked all those who had financially supported them throughout the year.
- We can't do what we do without our listeners getting behind us and supporting us financially.
- The work was supported in part by a grant from National Institutes of Health.
- We are supporting it financially in large measure.
- Do you support any organizations that provide for the less fortunate during the holidays?
- Embrace your universities and help make them better by supporting them financially.
- He added that the Government had financially and politically supported the schemes, the first phase of which would be introduced over the next three years.
- How beholden are civic politicians to those who supported them financially?
- The art centre is important as it supports my artists by providing a place to work and a vehicle to collect logs, ochres and barks.
- Both donors have established charitable foundations in their own names, and each has a long history of assisting the needy and supporting the arts.
- One of the ways liberals hope to regain that ground is by following the conservative model of running and financially supporting candidates in local races.
- These people are supported financially and given all assistance to be self-sufficient in our community and this cost a lot of money.
- He is hoping the public will support him financially in order to meet the living expenses which he will incur.
- Thanks to all who took part in the sponsored walk last Friday evening and to everyone who supported the event financially.
- The research was also supported by grants from the McKnight Foundation and the John Merck Fund.
- Importantly, the bank is financially supported by the European Union.
- We're supporting the club financially to do that.
- The fourth author was supported by a doctoral fellowship from the University of British Columbia.
2.1(maintain, sustain)(children/family) mantener(family/children) sostener(children/family) sustentarto support oneself — ganarse la vida
- the hospital is supported entirely by private donations — el hospital está enteramente financiado por donaciones de particulares
- How did we get to a point where none of us can afford to live honestly, earning enough money to support ourselves?
- He unified his state in order to support an army strong enough to defend it.
- She did have a common law right to be supported and provided with a home, but this was a personal right enforceable against her husband only.
- This means that the added incomes of four farmers were barely enough to support one student for a year.
- It also means supporting us and providing for our needs.
- Any planet with a stable orbit in that zone might be able to support life long enough for intelligence to evolve.
- We need to diversify the economy so that a single mother with a job can comfortably support a child.
- There are already more people than our planet can support on an ongoing basis.
- This could signal that Mars, a dry and cold planet, was once an environment friendly enough to support life.
- Men and women had safe, profitable jobs that fed and supported their families.
- They don't show the struggles his parents faced supporting a cobbled-together family of nine on low-wage jobs.
- After all, a river that can hold huge carp and catfish should, in theory, have enough food to support some big barbel.
- Men were dedicated to providing for and supporting their family and raising noteworthy children.
- His job comfortably supported his pregnant wife and child.
- Other countries have been perhaps more successful at striking a balance between economic necessities and supporting the family.
- Our methods may have changed but we are still trying to grow food to support the community like our ancestors were.
- Fed by upland streams, its brackish waters supported a wide variety of life.
- All my life they have supported me and provided all the necessary things.
- What's interesting about this is that the 3.06GHz Pentium 4 was the first P4 to officially support Hyper-Threading.
- The thing doesn't support Hyper-Threading in its current BIOS version.
- All Intel chipsets supporting 533MHz system bus do support Hyper-Threading.
- Axiom's products are now supported under Linux.
- One problem with FAT maintenance is the proliferation of implementations that should be supported under Linux.
3.1(encourage)apoyarayudarthey went along to support their team — fueron a animar a su equipo
- Your spouse is there to comfort and support you so depend on him or her a little.
- These nurses are already in post, caring for and supporting patients and their families from the point of diagnosis throughout their treatment.
- At all times you must support, encourage and help your child but even more so when they are being bullied.
- Luke's family are now being supported by our bereavement care team.
- Thank you to my colleagues who have supported and tolerated me.
- We will do our best to comfort and support them in every way while you do your duty.
- Your loving partner supports you through troubled waters.
3.2(back)(motion/cause) apoyarwhich team do you support? — ¿de qué equipo eres (hincha)?
- I support the Greens — estoy con los verdes
- delegates voted to support the resolution — los delegados votaron a favor de la resolución
3.3(back up)apoyarwe support him wholeheartedly — lo apoyamos sin reservas
- Our results strongly support the hypothesis of a refolding of the unraveled keratin molecules.
- The results also support hypothesis 5, that positive emotional contagion will lead to less group conflict.
- Plenty of research supports that eating enough carbohydrate foods before a race will improve performance.
- The Department of Health said the report contained no new evidence and its conclusions were not fully supported by evidence.
- No evidence could be found to support any suggestion he had been the victim of an attack before the first impact.
- This suggestion is supported by studies on the endocytotic pathway of tumor cells performed by other authors.
- The above view is strongly supported by the ion flux data.
- These suggestions are indirectly supported by spinal microdialysis study.
- This study supports several researchers who suggest using the neutral zone and no-touch technique to reduce the risk of injuries during surgical procedures.
- Acculturation theory was partially supported by the finding that assimilation tendencies are linked to finding full employment.
- This study supports previous studies in the health professions that suggest student moral reasoning can be enhanced during professional education.
- That is an undeniable truth with stupendously large bodies of study to support it.
- The data presented in the study supports this suggestion.
- Taken together, our data strongly support the biased gene conversion hypothesis of GC-content evolution.
- The authors add that this study supports the current recommendations for use of diuretics in elderly patients with hypertension.
- Recent analysis of the Drosophila genome sequence supports previous suggestions of strong parallels between many fly and vertebrate cell cycle regulators.
- However, time and again these claims are not supported in literature.
- The herb's ability to improve vein health is well supported by human studies.
- This finding agrees with other studies and supports the suggestion of sending a reminder to those who have not provided a specimen.
- His answers are at times surprising, but well supported by fact.
4Cinema Music Theatresecundarhe's supported by a splendid cast — lo secunda / respalda un magnífico elenco de actores
- the band was supported by … — el grupo telonero fue …
- Memorable performances were also given by some of the supporting actors.
- In the whole process of planning a new book, distribution plays an important supporting role.
- The supporting actors' talents are wasted in standard-issue roles.
- A range of supporting roles both in television and film have ensured Hughes has not disappeared from view.
- Warden is both gruff and gentle, and his performance is probably the most important supporting role in the movie.
- The supporting actor nominees are another bunch who can be equally hopeful.
- His big break came in 1986 when he landed a supporting role in the film Youngblood.
- He will soon be cast as a supporting actor in a film.
- Angela Lansbury picked up her second nomination as a supporting actress for another spooky film, The Picture of Dorian Gray.
- Your family plays an important supporting role, and the transplant team also will assess this.
- Very few stars will agree to cut their salaries to play a supporting role in a film - Bruce Willis is one of the few who has consistently done so.
- Now she knows what she wants, her career has become secondary - thus her choice of supporting roles in ensemble films such as Ocean's Eleven, Ocean's Twelve and Full Frontal.
- Why do they have supporting actor categories for film, but not for television?
- As with any epic event, the recognised stars will be backed up by a host of willing extras who will also play their supporting role to perfection.
- This facilitation role requires careful management as the key account manager has to be seen in a supporting role to the relationship and not a dominant role.
- It's tough because as Truman becomes more solitary the film loses delightful supporting actors who could have lent it a light.
- There are panoramic sweeps of China's deserts and canyons, a huge roster of supporting actors - and plenty of violent battle sequences.
- Protein and unsaturated fat reign, but complex carbs have an important supporting role.
- A supporting actor in nearly every role he takes, he routinely outshines those who share the screen with him.
- Surprisingly, it was the supporting actors who managed to steal the show.
5(corroborate)(theory/explanation) respaldar(explanation/theory) confirmar(explanation/theory) sustentar
6literary(endure)(impudence/conduct/heat) soportar(impudence/conduct/heat) tolerar
- Grief can be supported and facilitated, and depression can be treated.
1.1(of structure)soporte masculine
- Thick wooden supports braced the wall every few yards, and even the gaps in between the logs were filled with a mesh of sticks and branches interlaced like a rough basket weave.
- That was the night she had walked by herself for the first time without braces or supports or a walker.
- With the roof largely gone, a new roof was constructed using lightweight steel truss supports instead of beams.
- Remember also that you cannot cut any of the intermediate supports or braces that help support the roof structure, so you'll need to work around them.
- Because plants grow from numerous basal stems that rise directly from the roots, heavy-gauge grow-through supports or support rings are ideal.
- Fallen pillars and supports littered the streets, and all that could be heard was the sound of the wind gently blowing across the marshes.
- The eastern monolith had then been pulled over a rock-cut pit onto two masonry trestle supports, one at each end of the stone.
- He climbed off the concrete supports for the trestle and onto the rocky island shore.
- Install supports like stakes, trellises, and tomato cages at planting time.
- Its 300-year-old pillars are propped up by iron supports.
- The supports were standing like great steel palm trees rising sixty metres into the sky.
- However, we advised against roof supports and column supports in the same assembly in order to avoid differential deflection problems.
- A wall is now propped up with supports, the pavement has disappeared and one man's house is beginning to show cracks.
- Other buildings lurched under top-heavy weight as key supports on the first floors had been torn out.
- The glazed edge of the structure is borne by slender steel supports.
- Officers called to the scene found the old-style red cast iron phone kiosk in smithereens with just the four corner upright supports still standing.
- The functional requirements of a toast-rack are far less stringent, and this is one of a series of designs in which Dresser plays with different geometrical possibilities for creating a row of upright supports.
- If it's a small target, like the upright supports of a bridge or the mouth of a cave, you need a bomb that will land within ten feet of where you aim it.
1.2Sport Medicineprotector masculineathletic support — suspensorio masculine
1.3(physical)the pillars provide the support for the arches — los pilares sirven de apoyo a los arcos
- to lean on sb for support — apoyarse en algn (para sostenerse)
- these shoes give a lot of support — estos zapatos sujetan / sostienen bien el pie
- before noun support stockings — medias elásticas
- support pantyhose (US) or tights — pantimedias elásticas
2.1(financial)ayuda (económica) feminineapoyo (económico) masculinegovernment support for sports is inadequate — la ayuda / el apoyo gubernamental al deporte es insuficiente
- he has no means of support — no tiene ninguna fuente de ingresos
- she has (financial) support from her ex-husband — su exmarido contribuye económicamente a su manutención
- He added that he would soon seek foreign financial support to ensure that safety is restored at the site.
- We enjoyed strong financial support from our universities.
- The Covenanters did not lack military support when Charles sent an army north to curb their revolt in 1639.
- Many heads have said they cannot afford support staff to cover for teachers and may have to send children home to avoid breaking the law.
- She complained that many regularly send financial support to their relatives in Turkey.
- The onslaught of mobile IT is threatening to send overworked support staff over the edge.
- Surrey Police already gets less financial support than any other force in the country.
- Behavioural support staff are helping to keep a watchful eye on troublemakers at a Swindon school.
- References will be required and generous financial support available.
- This threat was later followed through with material support to the IRA.
- As a result, it is short of sufficient financial and material support to develop any further.
- We had two footlockers and no promise of material support, but it began a fifty-year ministry in Brazil.
- It is true that Ankara is asking for foreign financial support in order to carry out such a mission properly.
- It is not possible to vote no without giving material support to those who wish to put an end to the idea of a more united Europe.
- She said positions at risk were mainly those of support staff and teaching assistants.
- I hope that the public, on whom these bodies depend for material support, will note this attitude.
- They have no back up system, no organisation to which they can turn to for support and financial assistance.
- The intelligence is used to help choke off financial support to international terrorist organisations.
- If it represents this, it needs the financial support and backing of the businesses.
- To help him with his achievements, he also looks up to the Chief Minister for support and financial aid.
- The lack of mainstream support for parents has yet to be addressed.
- In fact, the smaller party's support has actually increased since the last poll in May.
- There's no doubt that this support has come from the middle class Labour vote.
- There were 14 letters of support for the scheme and eight letters of objection.
- He has received widespread bipartisan support from those who know him and know his record.
- Polls in Japan show support for whaling is dwindling among the mainstream public.
- Due to a lack of support, many women give up and switch to bottle feeding.
- Nervous observers sketched doomsday scenarios, but the president received widespread bipartisan support.
- The strikers have won overwhelming public support for their campaign to escape poverty.
- In fact, I have been extremely encouraged by the high level of support for the theatre that your article has generated.
- They put out their message on radio, television, and in the newspapers and gained widespread popular support.
- Finally, I have contacted colleagues who were only too happy to give their support for this letter.
- They are to act as spokespersons, as well as mobilise community support for the initiative.
- He needs to do so to affirm popular and Congressional support for an arduous campaign.
- It represents family carers and advocates greater awareness and support for their work.
- Letters of support for the proposal were being collected to present to council at a future meeting.
- I will keep on writing letters to the paper in support for a hospital for Trowbridge.
- The council said it had received 444 objections and seven letters of support for the application.
- That has created deep wells of bitterness and a collapse in support for mainstream parties.
- It is still illegal in South Korea to advocate support for North Korea or its regime.
3(backing, encouragement)apoyo masculinerespaldo masculineyou can count on my support — puede contar con mi apoyo / respaldo
- I've had absolutely no support from you — no me has apoyado en absoluto
- the class folded because of lack of support — la clase tuvo que cerrar por falta de interés
- the crowd gave their team vociferous support — el público animó a su equipo con gran vehemencia
- I went with her to give her (moral) support — la acompañé para que se sintiera apoyada / respaldada
- before noun a support system for single-parent families — una infraestructura de apoyo a las familias monoparentales
- He was leaning on the back of the sofa for support and wearing a satisfied smirk.
- Matthew grabbed her arm, but she remained upright without his support.
- He seems none the worse for wear, despite momentarily leaning on his scythe for support.
- Sheila found herself clutching the sideboard for support as a surge of vertigo threatened to overcome her.
- Rolling over is when she is placed on her stomach and lifts her head and shoulders high, using her arms for support.
4.1Militaryapoyo masculinerefuerzo masculine(troops/vessels/trenches) (before noun) de apoyoto bring up troops/ships in support — llevar tropas/barcos de apoyo
4.2(backup)servicio al cliente masculine(package/material) (before noun) adicional(material/package) (before noun) suplementarioComputing (program) de apoyotechnical/dealer support — servicio técnico/de ventas
- To beat these claims, Kingston provides server customers with free back-up memory and tech support.
- It will be responsible for desktops, mail systems, network, intranet and website support.
- Parts and labour were covered, but delivery and call centre support were not.
- This gentlemen was having a problem on his computer and decided to call tech support.
- I do not, like those people at tech support, have a desk to hit my head on and no one can tell.
- In the area of technical helpdesk support, Fraser is also looking to win up to four new clients each year.
- My main objection regarding Microsoft's whole licensing scheme is the lack of decent home user support.
- Even Microsoft has jumped into this with both feet, and not just for home user support.
- That is done by officers, backed by effective technical and personal support.
- Some users pay a fee for technical support, but free support is available on internet message boards.
- All of the pre-configured bundles include software training and three years of support.
5as preposition in support of
- he spoke in support of the motion — habló a favor de / en apoyo de la moción
- a demonstration in support of the President — una manifestación de apoyo al presidente
- she could produce no evidence in support of her claim — no pudo presentar pruebas en apoyo de su demanda
- he produced figures in support of his theory — presentó cifras que respaldaban / confirmaban su teoría
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