In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(act)barrido masculinebarrida femininegive it a sweep — bárrelo
2.1(movement)with a sweep of his arm — con un amplio movimiento del brazo
- with a sweep of his scythe — con un golpe de la guadaña
- the broad sweeps of his brush strokes — el ancho trazo de sus pinceladas
2.2(curve of road, river)curva femininenotice the superb sweep of the train — fíjese en la estupenda caída de la cola
2.3(range)alcance masculineextensión feminine
3(forceful movement)empuje masculine
4(search)peinado masculinerastreo masculine
5(in electronic surveillance)barrido masculine
6(of windmill)(with masculine article in the singular) aspa feminine
7chimney sweepdeshollinador masculinedeshollinadora feminine
1.1(clean)(floor/path) barrer(chimney) deshollinarhe swept the room clean / out — barrió bien la habitación
- Stable boys were bedding the horses down for the night or sweeping the stabling area clean.
- I swept the sun room floor and then pulled in the two galvanized tubs which held the broad beans last year.
- She swept out the dirt floor, her broom struck something under the bed.
- As well as the damage to the roof and cream carpet in the lounge, firemen were also forced to sweep water from the garage, which had been flooded from the freak storm.
- I showed them how they could draw with the conte or the ebony pencil, then mix the two by sweeping the area with a little turpenoid on a brush.
- ‘We can cram in loads of people and it doesn't matter if anything gets dropped, as it can be swept out the next morning,’ says Skelton.
- They carefully sweep dirt from clothing and bones, finding bullets on and around one body.
- Half of the party of 200 helped to sweep the floor and move a tractor and other machinery while the rest grabbed whatever they could to take to the new venue.
1.2(remove)(leaves/dirt) barrer(mines) barrerhe swept the crumbs off the table — quitó las migas de la mesa
- he swept his hair back — se echó el pelo hacia atrás
- she swept the leaves into a pile in the corner — barrió la terraza (or el patio etc.) y amontonó las hojas en el rincón
- he swept the coins into a box — con la mano reunió las monedas y las deslizó en una caja
- Dust emissions are likely, the application states, but this will be swept and washed away by the local authority.
- The vehicle was removed by 4pm and leftover rubbish was swept away.
- I particularly remember a young girl sweeping the dirt in front of the pile of stones that had once been her house.
- After it had all been sorted, the driver came over with a large whisk broom, swept the leftover detritus into the gutter, and off they went, presumably to the next reeking pile.
- Joe's children's mess can be swept, hoovered or mopped from its surface.
- A huge campaign will attempt to sweep away litter and graffiti in a fresh war on crime which is expected to run for a year.
- More than 100 tons of debris that was swept into the bay by the deadly waves has been dredged by hand since the operation began in February.
- Before beginning the sanding procedure carefully sweep all dirt, dust and other debris from the floor.
- The scarab is accompanied by a man with a brush whose job is to sweep the litter into the road so that the scarab can lift it.
- The rocks and soil were mutilated into mush that could easily be swept away from the scene.
- He bent over up swept the dirt into the dust pan and throw it into the trashcan in the bathroom.
- I said that I had a broom but I didn't have a pan to sweep the dirt into.
- She didn't have a beautiful garden, but she kept the place neat and tidy, even to the point where she swept the bare dirt in her yard.
- If necessary the surface should first be swept to remove loose stones and any build up of sand or gravel prior to testing.
2(touch lightly, brush)(surface) rozarher coat swept the ground as she walked — al andar su abrigo rozaba el suelo
- her hand swept the strings — pasó la mano por las cuerdas
- A cool breeze swept past me, as if to uplift my spirit, did not serve the purpose, it left me cold, and more helpless than before.
- In Paris, a massive fire swept through an overcrowded apartment building housing immigrants from Africa.
- Just weeks after the refinery had resumed production of petroleum products, a fire has again swept through one of the furnaces that refines petrol.
- But soon after, fire swept through that building, all but destroying the brand new studios.
- The fire which swept through a number of derelict buildings in Bedford, used by the homeless and drug addicts was probably arson, investigators have confirmed.
- She had a slim figure and silver hair that was swept up tightly into a bun.
- Rilla knelt down behind Naila and swept the short brown hair out of the way.
- Her hair was swept in an elaborate coiffure, a smile playing on her lips and her eyes dancing merrily.
- We walked down the tar road that was shimmering in the heat, dodging the occasional car sweeping past, until we came to the bridge.
- The person had long, midnight black hair that was swept up in an elaborate style.
- A policeman on the scene said the family were away and no-one was in the house when the fire swept through the grade-two listed building.
- She is very pretty (still way too much make-up for me though) and lovely long brown/blond hair that she sweeps back into a ponytail.
- The family of a Scots backpacker who died when a fire swept through an Australian youth hostel last week have spoken for the first time about the tragedy.
- Then he had no more time to think as the first wave of fighters swept toward him, firing wildly.
- The rest of her hair is swept up out of the way in a high ponytail.
- The wave simply swept through, destroying buildings along the way, sweeping people away and carrying them into the lagoons behind.
- Her hair was swept up in a ponytail and a smile blossomed across her face when she saw him.
- And only a year earlier, six British backpackers were among 15 killed in a fire that swept through an Australian hostel while they slept.
- Mr Blair's black Jaguar swept past a scrum of photographers gathered outside the Palace as excitement mounted over the crucial decision which is expected to be taken by next Monday.
- She is dressed in a period costume, a high-waisted white dress with a low neck and long sleeves, with her hair swept up.
- Her hair had been swept up away from her neck, piled high on top of her head and held in place with fancy combs but a few curls hung loose around her face, framing her gorgeous eyes.
- You can play with side parts that allow you to sweep the hair and clip it to the side.
- I swept my short hair up into a ponytail and tied it.
- Her long, curling dark hair had been swept upwards into the most fashionable style as of late, pinned into place by delicate silver gems that shone in her hair.
- He swept his still damp hair out of his face, but the longish sides still fell in front.
- Looking highly affronted, Tiffany swept her long blond hair out of her face and narrowed her eyes at him.
- Tilting her face upwards, she swept her long hair back, her hand skimming the stitches along her hairline.
- Dressed in an oriental-style black and white top and designer jeans, Georgina held her hand up to her face as the car swept past the waiting crowds.
- I breathed in the air and shivered slightly as a cool breeze swept past me.
- She grimaced and swept up her hair in a messy bun with one hand, whilst prodding me on the back with the other hand.
- As the fire swept over the car the fuel tank began to boil and a six metre jet of flames spurted out of the back of the car.
- Her blond hair had been swept up into a sleek ponytail and she wore low riding hipster jeans with a plain white tank top.
- A hundred days have swept past in a heady parade of media applause, a new baby, a divided Labour party and humiliated Liberal Democrats.
- Once outside city limits, it is perfectly feasible to leave the car in fifth gear and still be able to sweep past slower traffic quite effortlessly.
- Her hair fell in tight blonde ringlets or was swept into an auburn chignon.
- She swept her long dark hair from her eyes and looked over to James for support.
- A prairie fire had swept away all traces of vegetation and there was a black, funereal mantle as far as the eye could reach in every direction.
- She picked up her brush and quickly swept her long hair into a fashionable ponytail and then got up and walked over to her closet, which was brimming with clothes.
- These frightening wild fires swept across open fields with unbelievable speed.
- Firefighters battled for more than an hour to control the fire that swept through three portable classrooms at Billericay School in the early hours of Saturday.
3.1(pass over, across)severe storms swept the coast — grandes tormentas azotaron / barrieron la costa
- the waves of protest that were sweeping the state — las olas de protesta que recorrían el estado
- dismay swept the meeting when the news broke — la noticia causó consternación entre los reunidos
- the epidemic is sweeping the country — la epidemia se extiende como un reguero de pólvora por el país
3.2(remove by force)arrastrarthe avalanche swept them to their deaths — el alud los arrastró consigo y perdieron la vida
- we were being swept out to sea by the tide — la marea nos arrastraba mar adentro
- she succeeded in sweeping us along with her enthusiasm — consiguió arrastrarnos con su entusiasmo
- he advanced across Italy sweeping all before him — cruzaba Italia arrasando (con) todo a su paso
- Fred remembers one incident when a 50 ft narrowboat was swept by the force of the current into a tree blocking one arch of the swing bridge soon after it had left the lock.
- When he was canoeing from 60 Mile early one morning at break up, his canoe tipped and he was swept along among the floating ice.
- I was swept along with the crowd and found myself genuinely delighted when Fulham went ahead.
- It became an unforgettable encounter when our raft capsized, and I was swept along powerless in its icy unbridled current.
- The riotous crowd around him swept him along through arcane underground tunnels to a vaulted hall.
- She did not wish to go to the top, for she knew what would take place and had no desire to see it, but her own feelings were quelled and she was docilely swept along with the crowd.
- Amidst excited cheering, Scott Parker was swept onto the shoulders of two of his teammates and raised high for all the student body to see.
- She was swept along in that chaos and abruptly lost track of where she was.
- I am caught up in the throng and it sweeps me along.
- If the rig could be damaged and its contents lost, a spokeswoman for the agency asked, could not DU shells be swept away or moved from the seabed too?
- She was swept into the crowd of students making their way into the building, and she let herself be.
- Then a gigantic wave came rushing towards us and we were swept along into the trees.
- The journey back downstream was even more exhilarating as the force of the water at the various cascades threatened to sweep you off your feet.
- It took me so long to process all I was seeing and hearing that the monster had me by my shoulders and was sweeping me out the door before I could say a word.
- He allowed the crowd to sweep him along in their stampede, helpless to do anything else, and was carried outside.
- They did so with such energy that I was swept along as well, hardly paying attention to the jokes or the plot.
- I was swept along to my class by the tide of students, hurrying to arrive before the next bell rang.
4.1(scan)recorrerhe swept the horizon with his telescope — recorría / escudriñaba el horizonte con su telescopio
4.2(search)(area) peinar(area) rastrear
- Pikitup crews take to the streets of Joburg nightly to sweep, and even wash down, roads and pavements, and the new machine will be used specifically to target the worst streets.
- Floods that have also swept through the neighbouring countries of South Africa, Botswana and Zimbabwe have particularly hit Mozambique.
- Tens of thousands of homes, made of bamboo and straw have been washed away by waters sweeping across 25 of Assam's 26 districts.
- This year, Boscastle became headline news when a devastating flood swept through the town, destroying all in its path.
- We didn't begin searching until the house had been thoroughly swept for fingerprints and other evidence.
- Some were victims of a sudden rise in sea-level near the eye of the cyclone - known as a storm surge - that swept across low-lying land.
- The burning oil is believed to have swept into the area's storm water drains on Monday evening after a fire broke out at the Hursthill substation on Perth Road, near the dam.
- A 15-foot storm surge swept inland, destroying thousands of homes and businesses.
- He swept the area with his eyes, searching for any Marines.
- Also tonight, the first death in a wave of rioting and violence that has swept through France.
- Lonely eyes swept the room, searching for open arms or warm eyes.
- Should that mean that Geiger counter sweeps searching for dirty bombs would become unconstitutional?
- On the morning of August 16, hundreds of soldiers surrounded and swept through areas of the northern town of Mannar and suburbs.
- Additionally, there were the heavy rains and swollen rivers in the area that swept away mines and blurred their markings which gave rise to similarly hazardous situations for all.
- Immediately, they swept across the room, searching for anyone who may have entered.
- It is for this reason that violence is sweeping through Islamic world today bringing bad name to religion of peace and compassion like Islam.
- So when a flash flood swept down the valley on Sunday night, leaving the road beneath 12 ft of water, the monastic ruin in the care of English Heritage was undamaged.
- Only seconds after removing the vent cover and ducking inside, nearly a dozen powerful beams of light swept the area in search of the intruder.
- Fifty years ago, an epidemic swept across this nation affecting millions of people and lasting for many years.
- Then I take off at a jog across the tilled field, carefully avoiding the search tower spotlights which sweep the area under the beady eye of the armed guards.
- Hundreds of homeowners were warned to remain indoors and keep their doors and windows shut after clouds of black smoke from a blaze at a scrap tyre depot in Levenshulme swept across the area.
- It was pitch dark, and we were crawling along behind a military tank with its big searchlight sweeping through the fields to get there.
- The classic example has been the Toronto Blessing, which came to Slovakia via the UK, and swept through many churches affecting thousands of believers.
- We've been fortunate because none of the eyes' of the hurricanes have swept through our area.
- When the last floods swept through Mozambique there was a shortage of helicopters and more lives would have been lost had it not been for the tireless work of the South African aircrews.
- The problem first surfaced when a deluge on July 12 th 1997, swept through the Glencullen area.
- A similar fire in the same area last year swept across six miles of ground to the outskirts of Mallaig, the fishing port to the immediate north, before it was extinguished.
- In Levenshulme hundreds of homeowners were warned to remain indoors and keep doors and windows shut after clouds of choking black smoke from a fire at a tyre depot swept across the area.
5(win overwhelmingly)our team swept the series — nuestro equipo arrolló / arrasó en la serie
- nobody was surprised when she swept the country — a nadie le sorprendió que se impusiera aplastantemente en todo el país
1.1(move rapidly)the car swept by / past without stopping — el coche pasó rápidamente sin detenerse
1.2(move proudly)she swept into the room — entró majestuosamente en la habitación
- he swept past as if I wasn't there — pasó por mi lado con la cabeza en alto, como si yo no existiera
2.1(spread)extendersefire swept through the hotel — el fuego se propagó / se extendió por todo el hotel
- panic swept through the ranks — cundió el pánico en las filas
2.2(extend)the path sweeps down to the road — el sendero baja describiendo una curva hasta la carretera
- the river sweeps over the plain to the sea — el río recorre la llanura hasta llegar al mar
2.3(survey)his gaze swept over their faces — recorrió sus rostros con la mirada
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.