In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(from one side to the other)porshe came in through the door — entró por la puerta
- look through the window — mira por la ventana
- it fell through that hole — se cayó por ese agujero
- it went right through the wall — atravesó la pared de lado a lado
- the current flows through the circuit — la corriente fluye a través del circuito
- to hear/feel sth through sth — oír/sentir algo a través de algo
- she peered through the keyhole — miró por el agujero de la cerradura
- he was shot through the head — le pegaron un balazo en la cabeza
- he was unable to breathe through his nose — no podía respirar por la nariz
- the truck crashed through the barrier — el camión se llevó la barrera por delante
- they struggled on through the crowd — siguieron abriéndose paso entre la multitud
- the chair flew through the air — la silla voló por los aires
- he strolled through the town center — paseó por el centro de la ciudad
- we drove through Munich — atravesamos Munich
- we sailed through the Suez Canal — pasamos por el Canal de Suez
- we searched through her belongings — registramos sus pertenencias
- she glanced through the magazine — hojeó la revista
1.2(past, beyond)to be through sth — haber pasado algo
- we're through the preliminary stages already — ya hemos pasado las fases iniciales
2.1(in time)we worked through the night — trabajamos durante toda la noche
- she won't live through the night — de esta noche no pasa
- she slept through the entire lecture — durmió durante toda la conferencia
- half-way through his speech — cuando iba (or vaya etc.) por la mitad del discurso
- she helped him through a difficult period — le ayudó a superar un período difícil
- after everything we've been through together — después de todo lo que hemos pasado juntos
- through the centuries — a través de los siglos
- I can't sit through another two-hour sermon — no puedo aguantar otro sermón de dos horas
2.2US (until and including)Tuesday through Thursday I stay in New York — de martes a jueves me quedo en Nueva York
- offer good through May 31 — oferta válida hasta el 31 de mayo
- October through December — desde octubre hasta diciembre inclusive
3(by)she spoke through an interpreter — habló a través de un intérprete
- I heard about it through a friend — me enteré a través de / por un amigo
- through his help I eventually found an apartment — gracias a su ayuda / mediante su ayuda finalmente encontré un apartamento
- through no fault of her own — sin tener culpa alguna
- it happened through carelessness — ocurrió por falta de cuidado
1(from one side to the other)come through, please! — ¡pasen, por favor!
- the train sped through without stopping — el tren pasó a toda velocidad sin parar
- he barged through — pasó dando empujones
- we're just traveling through — estamos de paso
- the sun came through — salió el sol
- the red paint shows through — se nota la pintura roja que hay debajo
2(in time, process)we worked through without a break — trabajamos sin parar para descansar
- she's never played the piece through — nunca ha tocado toda la pieza (desde el principio hasta el final)
- all night through — durante toda la noche
3.1(completely)wet/soaked through — mojado/calado hasta los huesos
1Transport(route/train) directothrough traffic — tráfico de paso masculine
- More conventional routes are closed to through traffic by overflowing cardboard boxes.
- Overnight Marlborough lost much of the through traffic on which many of its businesses depended.
- Ask anyone in Settle if they enjoy a sandwich at the Naked Man with the roar of polluting through traffic.
- The whole idea of this is to facilitate the easy movement of through traffic and allow the town to flourish.
- So why is Council so determined to redevelop Junction St as a through road for heavy trucks?
- The proposed scheme is for a flyover to separate local and through traffic at the roundabout.
- Surely there should be a few through trains from Bromley North.
- Through trains for returning holidaymakers will run from most holiday centres on July 3.
- This means that the car threads through traffic with ease and overtakes dawdlers in a flash.
- Where did all the through traffic go when the park was shut during the foot and mouth crisis?
- Modernisation of the beach will include stopping through traffic to Blackgate Road.
- Through trains from Hull to Manchester Airport will run as far as Manchester Piccadilly.
- This poses problems both for through traffic as well as for vehicles waiting to turn.
- The first through train leaves at 8:45.
- Why can't they open the gates so those who want to use the park for recreation can get in and close it to through traffic?
- Stockton Lane in Grappenhall will be closed to through traffic for about four months.
- Here the right-turning traffic on to Kings Avenue is as great as through traffic.
2informal(finished)aren't you through yet? — ¿no has terminado aún?
- as a journalist, you're through — como periodista, estás acabado
- to be through with sb/sth — haber terminado con algn/algo
- I'm through with her/him — he terminado con ella/él
- when I'm through with you — cuando haya terminado contigo
- are you through with the atlas? — ¿has terminado con el atlas?
- to be through (with) -ing
- I'm through trying to be nice to you — no pienso seguir tratando de ser amable contigo
- She just left him, said she was through with him and disappeared.
- If you can't do this, you and I are through as of this second!
3BritishTelecommunicationsyou're through! — ¡hable!
- we're through to Madrid — nos han conectado con Madrid
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