In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1tiraraventar Peru Colombia Mexico(grenade/javelin) lanzar(bomb) arrojar(bomb) tiraraventarle algo a algn Peru Colombia Mexicoshe threw her beer in his face — le tiró la cerveza a la cara
- she threw the ball back — devolvió la pelota
- to throw sth at sth/sb — tirarle algo a algo/algn
- to throw sth to sb
- to throw sb sth — tirarle algo a algn
- they threw stones at the police — le tiraron piedras a la policía
- throw me the keys! — ¡tírame las llaves!
- he threw her a rope — le echó una cuerda
- He palmed another stone and threw it again, with more force.
- Seeing the movement, he threw his knife hitting the man squarely in the chest.
- Whirling around, he swung hard with the Golden Axe, deflecting a flurry of knives that had been thrown in his direction.
- A minute later, the door opened and John threw a five dollar bill at her.
- We were throwing dirt and stones on their faces.
- The two sides threw bottles and stones at one another until they were separated by police.
- He said the boys threw lumps of concrete and bricks at his client's window and doors.
- Mila rolled her eyes and threw one of her pillows at him.
- In once lightening movement she threw a dagger from her boot towards the soldier.
- Windows are frequently broken and stones have even been thrown through windows during services.
- Just than a passing youth snatched the woman's handbag and sprinted off, throwing it to another boy on a bike.
- ‘They were picking up stones and throwing them at the swans,’ he added.
- Bo heard a gasp, and then something being thrown in his general direction.
- He said the family's troubles began when local youths started throwing eggs and stones at their windows.
- After repeatedly warning the boys to stop throwing food and keep quiet, the manager finally told them to leave.
- Madeleine burst out laughing at my grumpy expression and threw one of her pillows at me.
- Running towards the house alone, through a hail of bullets, he threw bombs at the position and silenced the gun.
- Some demonstrators then threw stones at the officers.
- On the walls abstract paintings have had fused to their surface small ceramic plates which appear to have been thrown at them with some force.
- Often, there'd be the added distraction of other gangs of local layabouts throwing sticks and stones at you an your way through.
1.2(dice) echar(dice) tirarto throw a six — sacar un seis
- This guess is like the prediction that a six-sided dice thrown 6,000 times lands exactly 1,000 times on the prime side.
- Players land ships at anchorages and venture inland in search of buried treasure by putting counters on numbered squares after throwing dice.
- They asked God to decide for them, and they cast lots kind of like throwing dice, actually.
- It's like something designed by throwing dice, and the phone itself feels like it's made out of dried spittle and chewed-up paper.
- One designated player is required to play cards from his hand matching the colours shown on the thrown dice.
- At the core of the game is throwing dice on the table for positioning.
- Second, the dice must be thrown down the center of the table and they must hit the pyramid contoured foam rubber padding against the back wall of the table.
- It was an interruption of his concentration upon the interminable playing of dominoes, or cards, or throwing dice.
- Physical methods such as tossing coins or throwing dice or picking numbered balls from a rotating drum as in Lottery games are always unpredictable.
- This was the first pair of dice thrown out in Atlantic City.
- With that he called for Sylvanius, who was throwing dice with the shipwrights by the boat yard.
- The dice have already been thrown and we cannot reverse the roll.
- A pair of starved-looking women huddled against a fountain, throwing dice in absolute silence.
- These scholars did not obtain these dates by throwing dice!
- People are chattering and laughing; dice are being thrown; there is the constant clattering of mah-jong tiles.
- Only one condition I beg you to accept: she and I will both play with only one dice each and the dice will be thrown only thrice.
- The sample plot in Figure 1 is the outcome of a pair of dice thrown a large number of times.
2(send, propel)the blast threw him across the room — la explosión lo hizo salir despedido al otro lado de la habitación
- he threw himself forward — se tiró / echó hacia adelante
- she threw herself out of the window — se aventó por la ventana
- the storm threw the yacht onto the rocks — la tormenta lanzó el yate contra las rocas
- she threw herself at her opponent — se le echó encima a su adversario
- to throw sb into jail — meter a algn preso / en la cárcel
- to throw sb out of work — echar a algn del trabajo
- his resignation threw them into confusion — su dimisión los dejó desorientados
- the slightest thing throws him into a panic — por la menor cosa se pone nerviosísimo
- I was thrown into a difficult situation — me metieron en un aprieto
- this threw the country into civil war — esto sumió al país en una guerra civil
- to throw oneself into a task — meterse de lleno en una tarea
- to throw oneself on / upon sb — echársele encima a algn
- to throw oneself on / upon sb's mercy — ponerse a merced de algn
- we were thrown entirely onto our own resources — quedamos totalmente abandonados a nuestros recursos
- the experience had thrown her onto the defensive — la experiencia la había hecho ponerse a la defensiva
- to throw sb to the lions / wolves — arrojar a algn a las fieras
- Sources said the disappearance of the weapon threw the police into confusion, with some openly accusing others of misdeeds.
- But he also argued it would throw Myanmar into confusion similar to that in Indonesia now if democracy movements were pushed for too hastily.
- But a report warns any re-development could be thrown into jeopardy by Government proposals to give the market hall listed building status.
- Ken's mind was racing, he had been thrown into an insane situation so quickly and unexpectedly, he wasn't sure what to do.
- This is about the fifth time in three years that the place has been thrown into utter confusion.
- When Kevin returns home unexpectedly the calm of rural life is thrown into disarray.
- A spirit seizes him and he suddenly screams; it throws him into convulsions so that he foams at the mouth.
- Several branches have threatened to leave the movement, which could throw its future into doubt.
- The result was to throw China into almost total economic dependence on the Socialist bloc.
- The anti-war movement in Britain has thrown Muslims and the left into common struggle.
- They faced each other, the flickering light casting eerie shadows and throwing their faces into sharp relief.
- She was standing underground in a grey-brown tunnel, and all around bright lights threw everything into sharp relief.
- The bourgeois order had been based on a clear distinction of male and female roles and identities, which were now thrown into confusion.
- The next morning, Alexis woke early and was instantly thrown into confusion at the presence of the blanket.
- Like a practiced ballet, Octavia and Derek performed simultaneous moves which threw her off balance.
- When China was thrown into chaos by the 1931 Japanese invasion, he came to see the peasant villages as the strength of a new future.
- But the plan was thrown into disarray even before the troops began landing.
- Alyx's whole being was thrown into confusion at what his father just told him.
- The airport, which had to be shut down for two hours, was thrown into confusion as news of the incident reached passengers.
- The three are thrown into wild confusion as suspicion and jealousy upset the domestic bliss.
3.1(direct, aim)she threw him a warning look — le lanzó una mirada de advertencia
- you can't solve the problem by throwing money at it — el problema no lo vas a resolver gastando sin ton ni son
- a remark thrown into the conversation — un comentario que se deja caer en la conversación
- I'll throw the question over to the other team — le pasaré la pregunta al otro equipo
3.2(project)(image/shadow) proyectarto throw one's voice — proyectar la voz
- this throws suspicion on(to) the brother — esto hace recaer las sospechas sobre el hermano
- The circle of light thrown by the flashlight was still hitting a granite wall, but a feet or two lower, it was not.
- The blinds in the living room cast off an eerie glow of white light, slants thrown across the room.
- The mirror throws a bright light into a moderately lit room with walls of blackest brown.
- He points it at them and uses it as a ventriloquist's dummy, throwing his voice into it and waggling it about to make it look as though they're talking.
- Her reflection was eerie and the skylight threw a shocking bright light down on top of her.
- She watched the shadow that was thrown on the wall.
- If your car is equipped with fog lights, you may find it helpful to turn these on, as they throw a little extra light on the road while making your car easier to see.
- The light bulb from the ceiling caused the shadows to be thrown at an odd angle to the left.
- As Tracy replied, the sun soared out from behind a cloud and threw brilliant rays of light through the window.
- The small flame threw odd angled shadows across the dark ceilings and walls.
- Then two of the lamps that move round to throw the prettiest patterns on the walls and ceiling turned out to be faulty.
- The furnaces along the far wall were roaring, opened doors throwing skittering shadows across the huge foundry floor.
- The two backed into a small shaft of light thrown by a small window above.
- The light threw shadows around the cluttered room as I rubbed my eyes, and sighed at the lines on the drawing board.
- The cracking campfire threw warm, dancing light over everything, shadows flickering at the edges.
- She poked at the fire causing it to flare up and throw more shadows across their faces.
- The painting is subtly lit from the right of the frame (as you look at it), and a shadow thrown on the wall to the left.
- She could see his shadow, thrown onto the wall over her head, and watched him out of the corner of her eye.
- Individual fixtures are fitted onto a surface-mounted or suspended track and may be adjusted to throw light in any direction.
- Light from the right throws the shadow of a French door or tall window onto the walls and drapes.
- The men cross the dunes; afternoon light throws long shadows onto the scrub.
4.1(put, cast)she threw a blanket over him — le puso / le echó una manta encima
- to throw emphasis on(to) sth — poner énfasis en algo
- to throw blame on(to) sth/sb — echarle la culpa a algo/algn
- the responsibility was thrown onto me — me hicieron responsable
4.2(set up, erect)to throw a cordon around sth — acordonar algo
- to throw a bridge across / over a river — tender un puente sobre un río
5.1(unseat)(horse) desmontar(horse) tirar
- The horse of one of the lead knights threw its rider and bolted backward.
- A vivid blue streak ripped the air between them, tearing the smoldering man from his horse and causing the last mount to rear, throwing its rider.
- Horses throw shoes, eat food and destroy tack at an alarming rate.
- I intend to get back on the horse where it threw me.
- I took my hands off the mane for just a second and the horse threw me.
- The horse threw the king, and, he died days later from the complications of a broken collarbone.
- They say that when a horse throws you, you should get right back on and go for a ride again, and I know a few people who take the same approach with liquor.
- He added it was dangerous to have an eagle with a mounted hunt, as it could lead to a horse throwing a rider.
- This horse likes to throw his riders; I knew he had something in store for me.
- Problems compounded for the track in October when a horse threw its jockey during a race.
- Five of the horses bolted, throwing four of the riders.
- The accident happened at 10.30 am last Saturday when a horse threw its rider, who wore a helmet.
- Do you know what it's like to be thrown by a horse?
- With a chorus of screams, the horses all plunged into crazed fear, throwing riders to and fro.
- The horse reared upwards in sheer fright, throwing its rider sideways and underneath it.
- Just before arriving in the village, her majesty's horse threw a shoe and she walked her animal the rest of the way to the stable to have it looked at.
- He instead learned that she had been thrown by a horse, hit her head and died.
- The horse shied, reared up, fell and threw its rider.
- Always honest to a fault about his animals, he said he'd thrown his best bronc rider.
- There are numerous examples of horses at the races throwing their jockeys and running wild.
- Irritated, he grabs the bridle on one of the mules spooking it and causing it to throw its rider.
- Peering from behind my hands, I watch as the horses fall, or throw their rider, or watch as loose, riderless horses veer across the track.
5.2(in wrestling)(opponent) derribar
- He had a disastrous opening performance on Monday in the wrestling, being thrown by Romeo, who took an early lead in the competition.
- Next to them, 14 judo athletes took turns throwing one another.
- He had a small body but he did marvelous judo, and could throw larger opponents without using any power.
- The art also emphasizes throwing the opponent - much like in judo - as well as various arm locks.
- She would allow him to attack with a karate chop, and he would throw her with Judo.
- Judo is a martial art combining the use of quick movement and leverage to throw an opponent.
6(disconcert)desconcertarI was thrown by her question — su pregunta me desconcertó
- I guess me not moving after being thrown by the song had got her thinking the worst.
- We are less likely to be thrown by losing our jobs than our parents might have been.
- That's why I was so thrown off when the door suddenly opened and I ended up falling hard against something very warm.
- But I wasn't, so I just carried on with the show, a little shaken and thrown.
- He is momentarily thrown by the comparison, but quickly warms to the topic.
- Christina was so thrown by the abrupt change of subject that she couldn't think of a proper reply.
- He is thrown by the direct logic of the question.
7(party) hacer(party) darhe threw a fit/tantrum — le dio un ataque/una pataleta
- It seemed like such a long time ago, yet he'd just thrown another party the last weekend.
- Even when we threw our regular sizeable parties, not one of our visitors had asked why there were fist-sized holes in every door in the house.
- The college where the festival is held throws a party the night before the event.
- The only thing people were talking about was some huge party Justina had thrown to celebrate her 17th birthday.
- Every couple of nights someone throws a Fireman Appreciation Party.
- There would only be a few stars at the huge party which will be thrown at the 1,000 acre, 17th century estate.
- The throng enjoyed a huge party thrown by the host committee at the city's aquarium following Media Day.
- He drove about 20 miles over the speed limit and didn't do to good of a job parking when he got back to the house the party was being thrown at.
- My brother's also throwing a huge party tonight and half the island's population will be there.
- We broke up for good when one of my friends threw a Christmas party and she wasn't invited.
- They then insisted on throwing a house warming party, practically smothering us with the locals, who were all very nice.
- But to top it all off, I understand you threw a little welcome party for some of the first families?
- Rachel throws a last-minute bon voyage party for Emily just so she can invite Joshua.
- Yesterday my company threw a little lunch party for me.
- First, I throw a big welcome party for myself and everybody else to earn the adoration of the people.
- His best friend Andy was throwing a huge Christmas party, and since he was home on break he decided to go.
- With not much to do till Friday, you can't help but start thinking about all those parties that will be thrown Saturday night.
- I hope you are all hard at work shopping for something nice to give me at the huge party I am throwing…
- They throw an annual Christmas party for dozens of pensioners who live in sheltered housing schemes.
- It was here that the Scottish steel baron, who made his fortune in America before turning philanthropist to the poor, threw his famed house parties for the great and the good.
8(operate)(switch/lever) darle a
- Seeing A's switch thrown to the right, she now moves her switch to the right as well.
- It's really too bad that far too much time is spent running around them either looking for the next ledge to jump to, or trying to find which switch to throw so you can get on with the killing.
- We held our breath as this switches were thrown and the power came up.
- Are there particular enzymes that could be targeted to reduce genomic instability, active-site switches to throw on or block?
- Danby reached for it, but Nikola stretched his hand out toward the device and threw a switch.
- Change is not like a switch that gets thrown and you're forever different.
- If only there were a switch we could throw to put it right.
- There is no other institution in the world that teaches its people to throw that many switches that fast.
- At the trolley portal the operator had to manually throw the switch using a switch iron.
- Just before the lever gets thrown, Rocky erupts into a watery, gelatinous mass of pleading regret.
- When the parents arrive it's as if a switch has been thrown and behaviour patterns set back twenty or more years.
- He's throwing switches, pushing buttons, and changing things around a bit.
9(pot) tornear(pot) modelar en un torno
- Lord's forms are hand-built rather than thrown on the wheel, but that doesn't mean they can't be erect and symmetrical.
- He hand-built many works from slabs, and also had forms thrown to his specifications on the potter's wheel.
- I used to throw on the wheel, but have let it go in favor of handbuilding.
- Dorothy made me keep a couple of the finished pots, but I never threw another one.
- The pots are turned on a wheel, much as ceramic pots are thrown.
- Similarly, simple examination of a pottery vessel should reveal whether it was hand-coiled or thrown on a wheel.
10(give birth to)(calf/foal) parir
11informal(deliberately lose)(race/fight) perder
- I've been wondering for a while whether he was persuaded to take a bribe in return for throwing the match.
- We are in no way imputing that he tried to bribe him to throw a match.
- The case is based on tapes of a conversation in which police say he discussed payments for himself and others in return for throwing a match.
- They are not averse to accepting bribes and throwing matches.
- For years, he had alleged that a player had offered him a bribe to help throw the match.
- He accuses his opponent of offering him a bribe to throw a match.
- My reasoning is that if he had wished to throw that race, he would have ridden it in every other way than in the manner that was witnessed.
1(with ball, stone)tirar
1masculine tiromasculine lanzamiento
2(of dice)tirada femininelance masculineit's your throw — te toca tirar
- I had a throw of 7 — saqué 7
3(in wrestling)derribo masculine
5(shawl)chal masculineecharpe masculine
6slanga throw — cada uno
- they cost / are $17 a throw — cuestan 17 dólares cada uno
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