In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
transitive verbthrew, thrown
1.1(stone/ball) tirar(stone/ball) aventar Mexico Colombia Peru(javelin/grenade) lanzar(bomb) arrojar(bomb) tirarshe threw her beer in his face — le tiró la cerveza a la cara
- she threw the ball back — devolvió la pelota
- to throw sth at sth/sb — tirarle algo a algo/algn
- they threw stones at the police — le tiraron piedras a la policía
- to throw sth to sb
- to throw sb sth — aventarle algo a algn
- throw me the keys! — ¡aviéntame las llaves!
- he threw her a rope — le echó una cuerda
- We were throwing dirt and stones on their faces.
- He palmed another stone and threw it again, with more force.
- Seeing the movement, he threw his knife hitting the man squarely in the chest.
- Madeleine burst out laughing at my grumpy expression and threw one of her pillows at me.
- In once lightening movement she threw a dagger from her boot towards the soldier.
- He said the boys threw lumps of concrete and bricks at his client's window and doors.
- After repeatedly warning the boys to stop throwing food and keep quiet, the manager finally told them to leave.
- A minute later, the door opened and John threw a five dollar bill at her.
- Just than a passing youth snatched the woman's handbag and sprinted off, throwing it to another boy on a bike.
- Running towards the house alone, through a hail of bullets, he threw bombs at the position and silenced the gun.
- Some demonstrators then threw stones at the officers.
- Bo heard a gasp, and then something being thrown in his general direction.
- Mila rolled her eyes and threw one of her pillows at him.
- Whirling around, he swung hard with the Golden Axe, deflecting a flurry of knives that had been thrown in his direction.
- On the walls abstract paintings have had fused to their surface small ceramic plates which appear to have been thrown at them with some force.
- Often, there'd be the added distraction of other gangs of local layabouts throwing sticks and stones at you an your way through.
- Windows are frequently broken and stones have even been thrown through windows during services.
- The two sides threw bottles and stones at one another until they were separated by police.
- He said the family's troubles began when local youths started throwing eggs and stones at their windows.
- ‘They were picking up stones and throwing them at the swans,’ he added.
1.2(dice) echar(dice) tirarto throw a six — sacar un seis
- Only one condition I beg you to accept: she and I will both play with only one dice each and the dice will be thrown only thrice.
- Physical methods such as tossing coins or throwing dice or picking numbered balls from a rotating drum as in Lottery games are always unpredictable.
- A pair of starved-looking women huddled against a fountain, throwing dice in absolute silence.
- These scholars did not obtain these dates by throwing dice!
- The dice have already been thrown and we cannot reverse the roll.
- This guess is like the prediction that a six-sided dice thrown 6,000 times lands exactly 1,000 times on the prime side.
- This was the first pair of dice thrown out in Atlantic City.
- It's like something designed by throwing dice, and the phone itself feels like it's made out of dried spittle and chewed-up paper.
- With that he called for Sylvanius, who was throwing dice with the shipwrights by the boat yard.
- People are chattering and laughing; dice are being thrown; there is the constant clattering of mah-jong tiles.
- At the core of the game is throwing dice on the table for positioning.
- The sample plot in Figure 1 is the outcome of a pair of dice thrown a large number of times.
- One designated player is required to play cards from his hand matching the colours shown on the thrown dice.
- Second, the dice must be thrown down the center of the table and they must hit the pyramid contoured foam rubber padding against the back wall of the table.
- It was an interruption of his concentration upon the interminable playing of dominoes, or cards, or throwing dice.
- Players land ships at anchorages and venture inland in search of buried treasure by putting counters on numbered squares after throwing dice.
- They asked God to decide for them, and they cast lots kind of like throwing dice, actually.
2(send, propel)the blast threw him across the room — la explosión lo hizo salir despedido al otro lado de la habitación
- he threw himself forward — se tiró / echó hacia adelante
- she threw herself out of the window — se tiró por la ventana
- the storm threw the yacht onto the rocks — la tormenta lanzó el yate contra las rocas
- she threw herself at her opponent — se le echó encima a su adversario
- to throw sb into jail — meter a algn preso / en la cárcel
- to throw sb out of work — echar a algn del trabajo
- his resignation threw them into confusion — su dimisión los dejó desorientados
- the slightest thing throws him into a panic — por la menor cosa se pone nerviosísimo
- I was thrown into a difficult situation — me metieron en un aprieto
- this threw the country into civil war — esto sumió al país en una guerra civil
- to throw oneself into a task — meterse de lleno en una tarea
- to throw oneself on / upon sb — abalanzarse sobre algn
- we were thrown entirely onto our own resources — quedamos totalmente abandonados a nuestros recursos
- the experience had thrown her onto the defensive — la experiencia la había hecho ponerse a la defensiva
- Like a practiced ballet, Octavia and Derek performed simultaneous moves which threw her off balance.
- A spirit seizes him and he suddenly screams; it throws him into convulsions so that he foams at the mouth.
- They faced each other, the flickering light casting eerie shadows and throwing their faces into sharp relief.
- The anti-war movement in Britain has thrown Muslims and the left into common struggle.
- Several branches have threatened to leave the movement, which could throw its future into doubt.
- She was standing underground in a grey-brown tunnel, and all around bright lights threw everything into sharp relief.
- The bourgeois order had been based on a clear distinction of male and female roles and identities, which were now thrown into confusion.
- The next morning, Alexis woke early and was instantly thrown into confusion at the presence of the blanket.
- When China was thrown into chaos by the 1931 Japanese invasion, he came to see the peasant villages as the strength of a new future.
- Alyx's whole being was thrown into confusion at what his father just told him.
- The result was to throw China into almost total economic dependence on the Socialist bloc.
- But he also argued it would throw Myanmar into confusion similar to that in Indonesia now if democracy movements were pushed for too hastily.
- The three are thrown into wild confusion as suspicion and jealousy upset the domestic bliss.
- This is about the fifth time in three years that the place has been thrown into utter confusion.
- When Kevin returns home unexpectedly the calm of rural life is thrown into disarray.
- But the plan was thrown into disarray even before the troops began landing.
- The airport, which had to be shut down for two hours, was thrown into confusion as news of the incident reached passengers.
- But a report warns any re-development could be thrown into jeopardy by Government proposals to give the market hall listed building status.
- Ken's mind was racing, he had been thrown into an insane situation so quickly and unexpectedly, he wasn't sure what to do.
- Sources said the disappearance of the weapon threw the police into confusion, with some openly accusing others of misdeeds.
3.1(direct, aim)she threw him a warning look — le lanzó una mirada de advertencia
- a remark thrown into the conversation — un comentario que se deja caer en la conversación
- I'll throw the question over to the other team — le pasaré la pregunta al otro equipo
3.2(project)(image/shadow) proyectarto throw one's voice — proyectar la voz
- this throws suspicion on(to) the brother — esto hace recaer las sospechas sobre el hermano
- Individual fixtures are fitted onto a surface-mounted or suspended track and may be adjusted to throw light in any direction.
- She watched the shadow that was thrown on the wall.
- The furnaces along the far wall were roaring, opened doors throwing skittering shadows across the huge foundry floor.
- As Tracy replied, the sun soared out from behind a cloud and threw brilliant rays of light through the window.
- The men cross the dunes; afternoon light throws long shadows onto the scrub.
- The mirror throws a bright light into a moderately lit room with walls of blackest brown.
- He points it at them and uses it as a ventriloquist's dummy, throwing his voice into it and waggling it about to make it look as though they're talking.
- The small flame threw odd angled shadows across the dark ceilings and walls.
- The cracking campfire threw warm, dancing light over everything, shadows flickering at the edges.
- She poked at the fire causing it to flare up and throw more shadows across their faces.
- The blinds in the living room cast off an eerie glow of white light, slants thrown across the room.
- She could see his shadow, thrown onto the wall over her head, and watched him out of the corner of her eye.
- The painting is subtly lit from the right of the frame (as you look at it), and a shadow thrown on the wall to the left.
- Light from the right throws the shadow of a French door or tall window onto the walls and drapes.
- The light bulb from the ceiling caused the shadows to be thrown at an odd angle to the left.
- The two backed into a small shaft of light thrown by a small window above.
- Then two of the lamps that move round to throw the prettiest patterns on the walls and ceiling turned out to be faulty.
- The light threw shadows around the cluttered room as I rubbed my eyes, and sighed at the lines on the drawing board.
- The circle of light thrown by the flashlight was still hitting a granite wall, but a feet or two lower, it was not.
- Her reflection was eerie and the skylight threw a shocking bright light down on top of her.
- If your car is equipped with fog lights, you may find it helpful to turn these on, as they throw a little extra light on the road while making your car easier to see.
4.1(put, cast)she threw a blanket over him — le puso / le echó una manta encima
- to throw emphasis on(to) sth — poner énfasis en algo
- to throw blame on(to) sth/sb — echarle la culpa a algo/algn
- the responsibility was thrown onto me — me hicieron responsable
4.2(set up, erect)to throw a cordon around sth — acordonar algo
- to throw a bridge across / over a river — tender un puente sobre un río
5.1(unseat)(horse) desmontar(horse) tirar
- The horse shied, reared up, fell and threw its rider.
- Always honest to a fault about his animals, he said he'd thrown his best bronc rider.
- The horse reared upwards in sheer fright, throwing its rider sideways and underneath it.
- The horse of one of the lead knights threw its rider and bolted backward.
- With a chorus of screams, the horses all plunged into crazed fear, throwing riders to and fro.
- Five of the horses bolted, throwing four of the riders.
- There are numerous examples of horses at the races throwing their jockeys and running wild.
- I took my hands off the mane for just a second and the horse threw me.
- The horse threw the king, and, he died days later from the complications of a broken collarbone.
- Peering from behind my hands, I watch as the horses fall, or throw their rider, or watch as loose, riderless horses veer across the track.
- Do you know what it's like to be thrown by a horse?
- Just before arriving in the village, her majesty's horse threw a shoe and she walked her animal the rest of the way to the stable to have it looked at.
- This horse likes to throw his riders; I knew he had something in store for me.
- They say that when a horse throws you, you should get right back on and go for a ride again, and I know a few people who take the same approach with liquor.
- He instead learned that she had been thrown by a horse, hit her head and died.
- A vivid blue streak ripped the air between them, tearing the smoldering man from his horse and causing the last mount to rear, throwing its rider.
- Problems compounded for the track in October when a horse threw its jockey during a race.
- Irritated, he grabs the bridle on one of the mules spooking it and causing it to throw its rider.
- I intend to get back on the horse where it threw me.
- The accident happened at 10.30 am last Saturday when a horse threw its rider, who wore a helmet.
- He added it was dangerous to have an eagle with a mounted hunt, as it could lead to a horse throwing a rider.
- Horses throw shoes, eat food and destroy tack at an alarming rate.
5.2(in wrestling)(opponent) derribar
- Next to them, 14 judo athletes took turns throwing one another.
- She would allow him to attack with a karate chop, and he would throw her with Judo.
- He had a disastrous opening performance on Monday in the wrestling, being thrown by Romeo, who took an early lead in the competition.
- The art also emphasizes throwing the opponent - much like in judo - as well as various arm locks.
- He had a small body but he did marvelous judo, and could throw larger opponents without using any power.
- Judo is a martial art combining the use of quick movement and leverage to throw an opponent.
6(disconcert)desconcertarI was thrown by her question — su pregunta me desconcertó
- But I wasn't, so I just carried on with the show, a little shaken and thrown.
- We are less likely to be thrown by losing our jobs than our parents might have been.
- He is thrown by the direct logic of the question.
- He is momentarily thrown by the comparison, but quickly warms to the topic.
- I guess me not moving after being thrown by the song had got her thinking the worst.
- Christina was so thrown by the abrupt change of subject that she couldn't think of a proper reply.
- That's why I was so thrown off when the door suddenly opened and I ended up falling hard against something very warm.
7(party) hacer(party) dar
- Every couple of nights someone throws a Fireman Appreciation Party.
- There would only be a few stars at the huge party which will be thrown at the 1,000 acre, 17th century estate.
- The throng enjoyed a huge party thrown by the host committee at the city's aquarium following Media Day.
- Even when we threw our regular sizeable parties, not one of our visitors had asked why there were fist-sized holes in every door in the house.
- Yesterday my company threw a little lunch party for me.
- First, I throw a big welcome party for myself and everybody else to earn the adoration of the people.
- He drove about 20 miles over the speed limit and didn't do to good of a job parking when he got back to the house the party was being thrown at.
- It seemed like such a long time ago, yet he'd just thrown another party the last weekend.
- They throw an annual Christmas party for dozens of pensioners who live in sheltered housing schemes.
- Rachel throws a last-minute bon voyage party for Emily just so she can invite Joshua.
- My brother's also throwing a huge party tonight and half the island's population will be there.
- His best friend Andy was throwing a huge Christmas party, and since he was home on break he decided to go.
- We broke up for good when one of my friends threw a Christmas party and she wasn't invited.
- With not much to do till Friday, you can't help but start thinking about all those parties that will be thrown Saturday night.
- The college where the festival is held throws a party the night before the event.
- I hope you are all hard at work shopping for something nice to give me at the huge party I am throwing…
- The only thing people were talking about was some huge party Justina had thrown to celebrate her 17th birthday.
- It was here that the Scottish steel baron, who made his fortune in America before turning philanthropist to the poor, threw his famed house parties for the great and the good.
- They then insisted on throwing a house warming party, practically smothering us with the locals, who were all very nice.
- But to top it all off, I understand you threw a little welcome party for some of the first families?
8(operate)(lever/switch) darle a
- Are there particular enzymes that could be targeted to reduce genomic instability, active-site switches to throw on or block?
- When the parents arrive it's as if a switch has been thrown and behaviour patterns set back twenty or more years.
- He's throwing switches, pushing buttons, and changing things around a bit.
- It's really too bad that far too much time is spent running around them either looking for the next ledge to jump to, or trying to find which switch to throw so you can get on with the killing.
- Danby reached for it, but Nikola stretched his hand out toward the device and threw a switch.
- Seeing A's switch thrown to the right, she now moves her switch to the right as well.
- If only there were a switch we could throw to put it right.
- There is no other institution in the world that teaches its people to throw that many switches that fast.
- Just before the lever gets thrown, Rocky erupts into a watery, gelatinous mass of pleading regret.
- At the trolley portal the operator had to manually throw the switch using a switch iron.
- Change is not like a switch that gets thrown and you're forever different.
- We held our breath as this switches were thrown and the power came up.
9(pot) tornear(pot) modelar en un torno
- Similarly, simple examination of a pottery vessel should reveal whether it was hand-coiled or thrown on a wheel.
- Lord's forms are hand-built rather than thrown on the wheel, but that doesn't mean they can't be erect and symmetrical.
- He hand-built many works from slabs, and also had forms thrown to his specifications on the potter's wheel.
- Dorothy made me keep a couple of the finished pots, but I never threw another one.
- The pots are turned on a wheel, much as ceramic pots are thrown.
- I used to throw on the wheel, but have let it go in favor of handbuilding.
10(give birth to)(calf/foal) parir
11informal(deliberately lose)(fight/race) (deliberadamente) perder
- The case is based on tapes of a conversation in which police say he discussed payments for himself and others in return for throwing a match.
- My reasoning is that if he had wished to throw that race, he would have ridden it in every other way than in the manner that was witnessed.
- We are in no way imputing that he tried to bribe him to throw a match.
- He accuses his opponent of offering him a bribe to throw a match.
- I've been wondering for a while whether he was persuaded to take a bribe in return for throwing the match.
- They are not averse to accepting bribes and throwing matches.
- For years, he had alleged that a player had offered him a bribe to help throw the match.
intransitive verbthrew, thrown
1(with ball, stone)tirar
1.1(of ball) tiro masculine(of javelin, discus) lanzamiento masculine
- But too many throws from third early in the spring hurt his shoulder.
- He lunges at the open window, hurling his strawberry milkshake in a cramped overarm throw.
- Instead, with her final throw she produced her season's best and held her arms aloft.
- A steal from last June, the southpaw started the inning with a 93 mph fastball, the only velocity the pitch hit in four throws.
- He must become more consistent on his throws to second base.
- Andrews did admit, however, that he had developed a mental block that affected his throws to first base.
- The different arm angles that he had to use while making throws from third were too much for his shoulder.
- He knocked it off with a nicely-timed throw of a small hammer.
- Some of his shorter throws are delivered in a shot-put motion, as if the ball is filled with a heavy liquid.
- It hadn't been a fast or hard throw, and she hoped (kind of) that he wasn't too badly hurt.
- The underarm lob is better suited to operations in woodland, where an overarm throw may result in the grenade hitting a tree or branch, and bouncing back towards the thrower!
- She helped him eliminate wasted motion in his throws, and a quicker release improved his accuracy.
- Missing a baseball is easier than hitting it, and a misdirected throw from outfield can easily let two or three runners score who would not otherwise have made it back to home late.
- They are happily engrossed in their game, though there is no audience to see and applaud a great throw or a neat catch or a lovely shot.
- A lot of his throws to first base don't go to the first baseman.
- My thinking is: be aggressive and don't be afraid to make those throws to bases.
- Of course I nearly took out his eye with a beautifully arced throw.
- With one mighty throw, he hurtled the mirror piece into the rift, which glowed for a couple of seconds and then cleared.
- Unfortunately my throw was perfectly vertical, and the stone actually came down on my head.
- By the way, whenever umpires are hit by throws, the ball remains alive and hopefully so does the umpire.
1.2(of dice)tirada femininelance masculineit's your throw — te toca tirar
- I had a throw of 7 — saqué 7
- It is a work like no other and, with the first performance taking place in 1761, is pretty much the final throw of the Baroque.
- When that didn't work, the final throw was to hurl personal abuse at him for being a ‘liar’ over the Iraq War.
- But it was made clear to him that his recommendation would be the final throw.
- His final throw on the subject of alterations to the bill before publication came on the 14 February.
- Similarly, Calvary was the final throw in Satan's power-bid for world dominion.
1.3(in wrestling)derribo masculine
- He was especially proud of his judo skills, emphasizing throws and holds.
- After a couple of years, adults become strong and have enough endurance to be ready to practice the more vigorous judo throws and pins.
- At a stroke, Carlile put the doubts back in Harrington's mind when he swept him over backwards with a salto, a throw borrowed from the freestyle wrestling.
- Grasping the assailant's wrist and armpit he threw him over his shoulder but, hampered by his backpack, the throw was not clean.
- Elite judo players exhibit an even distribution of right and left-side throws.
- Though he was said to have a high judo rank, his throws didn't resemble judo techniques.
- In judo this might end up in a throw; in aikido, into a painful arm or body manipulation.
- Even that time she used the judo throw on him, he got up embarrassed, but he didn't turn this cute shade of pink.
- It's similar to kick-boxing except that it incorporates grappling, throws and take downs.
- These throws take advantage of the inertia of the opponent's travel.
- The new boys were going for their first ever judo throw.
- His head turned from the blow, but he countered by grabbing the arm and tossing his dad with a shoulder throw.
- The final was a much tougher match, with Stevie nudging ahead on points before he finally caught his opponent with a superb throw to take gold.
- In both groups the victory was achieved mainly by throws and the ability to force the opponent into penalty situations.
- Many of the throws in Judo will simply not work if you don't time them correctly.
- Their unanimous answer was that the throws in Okinawan karate are not meant to throw the opponent anywhere but the ground.
- Instead the insurgent used the power and the clumsiness of the government against itself rather as a judo throw by which a smaller wrestler can topple a stronger and heavier opponent.
- A few years ago we had numerous complaints about pupils using wrestling throws on each other after watching World Wide Wrestling on TV.
- He is a master of numerous holds and throws and is a throwback to a time when stories were told in the ring and not on the microphone.
- Judo players are trained for using throws, arm bars and chokes.
2.1US (bedspread)cubrecama masculine
- Meantime, my posterior was resting on the foot of the bed, and the foot of the bed was covered with a beautiful mink throw.
- She offers a full laundry service for duvets, throws, blankets, curtains, bed linen, team kits, etc. and her rates are very competitive.
- It's a large, traditional room with a fireplace, heavy furniture and a three-piece suite draped in throws.
- Cover dated or worn sofas and chairs with large throws in a neutral colour so that they aren't the main focus of the room.
- You would have thought it relatively easy to buy curtains, cushions, throws, rugs, lighting.
- He layers the bed with lots of, sort of deep, comfy fabrics, a faux chinchilla throw, kind of crazy stuff like that.
- The bed is covered in throws and cushions of every texture all colour coordinated with the rest of the room and you would hardly notice that it's a bed specially designed for people like me.
- If not, cover some boxes with sacking, or a throw or a neutral colored cloth and build up from there.
- All her furniture was painted bright pink and her King size bed had black and purple throws covering it.
- There were quilted table-settings, quilted cushions, quilted throws.
- Fur throws cover the leather couches in their spacious sitting room.
- So you fold the sheet so it covers the full length of the bed, under the pillows, and trap it under a woolen throw, covered again by another sheet.
- Stretching wide and stifling a yawn he threw back the several throws and duvets that covered him.
- With pillows, throws, slipcovers or area rugs, try spring colors like baby green, citrus and robin's egg blue.
- The couch was dark green suede and definitely cozier than the plaid throw covering the couch that would be acting as a bed in his new place.
- The home collection consists of soft furnishing products ranging from bed throws to duvet covers to cushions curtain panels and table linen.
- Find some warm woolly throws for your sofa and cover cold tiles and hardwood with area rugs.
- Brighten it up with a new duvet cover or a smart throw, picking up the colour in light shades and curtains.
- If you sew, create a new apron, fleece throw or keepsake pillow.
- I sit down on the low sofa, covered by an afghan throw.
2.2US (shawl)chal masculineecharpe masculine
3slanga throw — cada uno
- they cost / are $17 a throw — cuestan 17 dólares cada uno
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