In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(buying, selling)comercio masculinedomestic/foreign trade — comercio interior/exterior
- to be in trade — ser comerciante
- before noun trade agreement — acuerdo comercial
- trade association — asociación comercial
- trade balance — balanza comercial
- trade deficit / gap — déficit en la balanza comercial
- trade description — descripción comercial
- trade fair — feria comercial / de muestras
- trade sanctions — sanciones comerciales
- trade tariffs — tarifas comerciales
- to publish the trade figures — publicar las estadísticas de la balanza comercial
- the imbalance in the trade figures — el desequilibrio de la balanza comercial
- The creation of a complex global economy has had effects way beyond the international trade in goods and services.
- The programme was set up in July 1999 to promote international trade in Europe.
- Today there is growing trade in services and intellectual property.
- Global trade seems to require something a little more intricate.
- Urbanisation accelerated, and with it Africa's international trade in manufactures and services.
- New Zealand does $1 billion of trade in goods and services with our Pacific neighbours.
- This foreign exchange speculation now outstrips global trade in goods and services.
- These include trade in services, intellectual property, e-commerce, investment and labour standards.
- The local involvement in the timber trade was restricted to manual labour and shifting timber sleepers after they were cut.
- There must somehow be a basis for international trade in goods and services.
- She recently attended a conference on international trade in Germany.
- Free exchange of trade in goods and services, and trying to energize a more market oriented set of arrangements in countries.
- The retail liquor trade in New York state in those days was burdened by antiquated laws and corrupt officialdom.
- The daily trade in currency exchange alone is more than 50 times the value of world trade in goods and services.
- The other top priority agenda in Hong Kong is the general agreement on trade in services and non-agricultural market access.
- The explosion of global trade in the postwar era is usually attributed to the lowering of tariffs and other trade barriers.
- UK deficit on trade in goods and services in January stood at £4.6 billion
- The industry, services and trade in the city should have the gumption to gang up against the political parties.
1.2(business, industry)industria femininethe textile trade — la industria textil
- the hotel trade — la industria hotelera
- the grocery trade — el ramo de la alimentación
- she's in the antique trade — se dedica a la compraventa de antigüedades
- before noun trade directory — guía de fabricantes y comerciantes
- We will not be attempting to target the trade, so we're not going to be selling things like cement mixers.
- Before the season begins those in the trade identify jackfruit trees in the area that give good quality fruit.
- With a worried look on your face, they give you the bits they sell to the trade rather than the DIY-ers; better quality, and much cheaper.
- It was his policy to ask no questions in his dealings with the trade.
- These individuals are the lynchpin of the trade, the middlemen and act as the link between breeder and pet shops.
- That paragraph requires the loan in question to have been used wholly for the purposes of the trade carried out by the recipient of the loan, in this case the company.
- The company sells mainly to the trade, but is now hoping to add more retail sales to the mix.
- Pet owners will have to register their wildlife and agree never to sell them back into the trade.
- This phrase suggests that in the Government's view lower dose levels and fewer supplements would be better for public health but unfortunate for the trade.
- Illicit dealers targeted the trade as demand for poultry meat increased year on year.
- These were the small fry of the trade, the hawkers, who often reappeared with new stock mere hours after a confrontation.
- The aim should be to build an honest relationship with 10 journalists across the trade and national press.
- There is a new hard-headedness to the trade today.
- For the information of those of you not in the trade, that ‘under prolonged questioning by journalists’ speaks volumes.
- Such cakes are sometimes called ‘high ratio cakes’ in the trade.
- As befits the trade, antique dealers are gabby and knowledgeable and prone to bemoaning that things aren't what they used to be.
- He comes into the trade at a buoyant time, with brisk business reported locally in the market.
- Soon the business began to offer wholesale framing to the trade.
- Gauthier's Chevrolet Sunfire carried a recording device - known in the trade as a EDR, or event data recorder.
- As they are selling to the trade, the minimum order is £50 but the fungi will keep for a couple of years and the small jars would make the greatest presents.
1.3(skilled occupation)oficio masculineto learn a trade — aprender un oficio
- he's a carpenter by trade — es carpintero de oficio
- she's a dentist/journalist by trade — es dentista/periodista de profesión
- The centre, not yet named, will provide vocational training in creative industries and manual trades.
- Some could also receive training in trades or office skills.
- The development of new trades requires protection.
- I was looking for people with specific trades and technical skills, but alongside me were my colleagues who were going to recruit people like Gurkhas.
- Traditional skills and trades will be displayed such as paper making, corn dolly craft, basket making and spinning.
- Local and regional organisations have come together to establish a web-based catalogue of rural trades and skills.
- It is training firefighters in the skills of the trade and the tools to have and then training them in the methodology of how you deal with a particular problem.
- Home inspection is a trade that requires special training, knowledge, and skills.
- Note also that the scrivener recorded the trade for the male applicant but not for the two female.
- They can also acquire skills in trades such as leatherworking, fishing, jewel crafting, and many more, that help them on their quests.
- Depending on their skills in other trades, we can find right jobs for them.
- And it also keeps alive ancient trades, skills and crafts by channelling them into making products for the western consumer.
- An impending skills shortage in the trades means jobs are opening up to women.
- It begins at school leaving age in manual trades and post higher education for professionals.
- When so few people have been encouraged to learn trades, the special skills involved in them become esoteric.
- Over the past year, Scott has undergone work-based training in the plumbing trade while studying at college for one day a week.
- Four years actual work experience and training including the equivalent of apprenticeship or vocational training in the trade.
- For the 37-year-old former hairdresser, it's the culmination of three years of hard work learning the skills of the trade.
- Workshop practices and detailed technical information is available in guides and manuals to the trade.
- The designers went to great lengths to seek out artists with skills in trades that have almost died out: glass-blowers, blacksmiths and woodcarvers.
1.4(people in particular business, occupation)the trade — el gremio
- as they say in the trade — como dicen los del gremio / los entendidos
1.5(customers)it's designed to attract the tourist trade — está pensado para atraer a los turistas
- the shop relies heavily on passing trade — la tienda depende en gran parte de la clientela de paso
2.1(exchange)I'll make / do a trade with you — te lo/la cambio
(of players)traspaso masculine
- The big fella no longer is demanding a trade, which wasn't feasible anyway, or to be waived, which was unlikely.
- There's contracts not worth the paper they're written on as players everywhere seemingly can demand trades whenever or however they want.
- I wasn't concerned so much with who they got in return or whether they ‘won’ a trade.
- They're reviewing rules with brokers who sell their funds and with transfer agencies that process trades.
- This trade is conditional to all four players passing their physicals.
- What other executive has turned so many mediocre/bad teams into solid playoff teams through his trades?
- It's clear his uncertain status limits what Philadelphia can demand in a trade.
- Because of trades and minor league promotions, all three outfield spots and two middle infield positions are up for grabs.
- By contract, he can demand a trade to any team, minus six he excludes, within 10 days of the World Series.
- But injuries and trades are expected in sports.
- He was at the helm for less than two years and only had one off-season to make trades and sign free agents.
- He could make a trade demand while inhaling, then take it back while exhaling.
- An aggressive streak with free agency and trades has offset some so-so draft picks and mistakes with the defense.
- Sportswriters love midseason trades because they're fun to write about.
- He told local reporters that he would never demand a trade no matter how ugly his contract negotiations become.
- Few players on the roster have minor league options, so one solution might be a two-for-one trade to open a roster spot.
- Despite the aid of a late-round trade and two compensatory picks, they left with eight unfilled.
- With such a recent history of poor trades and draft picks, some changes needed to be made.
- Meanwhile, NFL fans have come to expect trades featuring faceless draft picks.
- Also, the franchise was saddled with bad draft picks and even worse trades in its infancy and still hasn't recovered.
(player)jugador traspasado masculinejugadora traspasada feminine
1(buy, sell)comerciarwe trade with countries all over the world — comerciamos / tenemos relaciones comerciales con países de todo el mundo
- the company has ceased trading — la compañía ha cerrado
- they now trade under the name of Unitex — ahora operan bajo el nombre de Unitex
- to trade in sth — comerciar en algo
- they trade in commodities — comercian en productos básicos
- he trades in antiques — se dedica a la compraventa de antigüedades
- However, as Jon's pointed out, the trading of goods and services is different to trading in events.
- But the problem arose when individuals, allegedly importing for their own use, started trading in imported vehicles.
- Their other big supplier started trading in computer chips in February 2002.
- He said it is a huge disappointment this company has now ceased trading in the circumstances reported.
- Unfortunately some of the holidays may not be available in the future and if the company ceases trading in the meantime, then consumers could lose considerable sums of money.
- Eventually, the stock exchange suspended trading in the stock.
- One road sells cane-ware, another has scrap merchants trading in steel and iron, wholesale merchants who deal in old cloth.
- Shareholders approved motions at an extraordinary general meeting to cease trading in the company's shares on the London stock exchange on February 14.
- Under these plans, London was to become a centre for trading in blue-chip stocks and Frankfurt a hub for high-tech growth stocks.
- The ban means all auction marts have ceased trading in livestock.
- Such patients might be trading in the stock market, and might be the type to jump out of the window, if share prices were to plummet sharply.
- Dozens of utilities have suffered huge losses from trading in the wholesale market.
- But trading in new stocks is typically purely speculative.
- However, developers are much more cautious and trading in office sites is almost at a standstill.
- This includes trading in two equity funds listed on the Irish Stock Exchange.
- While trading in stock options was increasing, both the volume and variety of other types of derivatives were growing explosively.
- Anhui Province was called ‘Huizhou’ in ancient times, renowned for its rich merchants trading in salt, tea, wood and pawnbroking.
- Producers and merchants trading in pine honey risk confiscation of their goods if they put it on the market with this trade mark.
2(exchange)hacer un cambiohacer un canjedo you want to trade? — ¿quieres hacer un cambio?
- The cod was traded for slaves who were brought to Jamaica and in turn sold for tobacco, salt and sugar.
- She sent her children to live in a crackhouse where drugs were traded for guns.
- Indeed, a queen's cloak, red linen, and entire sets of garb were traded for land.
- Sexual exploitation is also widespread in humanitarian crises, where sex is often traded for food rations, safe passage and for access to basic goods.
- Copper, horses, and cloth were also traded for gold, malagueta pepper, carved ivory, and ebony.
- A large number of furs were traded for an even larger number of European trade goods.
- Money made trade enormously more fluid by replacing barter (trading one good for another) with a single unit of exchange that could be traded for any good.
- Now practically abandoned, salt was once traded for gold, ivory and slaves from deepest Africa.
- It is both a needed reminder and a adept demonstration that watching courtship treated as a noble game is still quite rewarding even in times where romance is traded for expediency.
- There is also an interesting scene in which a girl is traded for a mule, and no one feels particularly slighted!
- Jobs and positions were typically traded for political support.
- Prisoners may trade antituberculosis drugs, to be saved for later use or to be traded for goods or services or to pay off debts.
- Small crafts made by some of the women and older men were traded for as well.
- The Chinese traded silk in exchange for pet dogs along the Great Wall of China.
- His father was in jail and his mother, evicted from her home and apparently involved with drugs, left him with a relative at a home where stolen weapons were traded for drugs.
- Money is also traded for material goods, but if you think about it, those goods also represent work.
- Let's begin pondering briefly a primitive barter economy where goods are traded for goods.
- There were hundreds, if not thousands, of megalitres being traded for one slab of beer.
1(insults/blows/secrets) intercambiarto trade sth for sth — cambiar / canjear algo por algo
- to trade sth with sb — cambiarle algo a algn
- trade coats with me — te cambio el abrigo
- I wouldn't mind trading places with him — ya quisiera yo estar en su lugar / en su pellejo
- Trained up for the purpose and in pairs sworn to die together, only members of the leading classes would do battle, after trading insults and accompanied by musical instruments playing.
- They spent the next little while trading creative insults, the result being that Ellen was reduced to giggling and chuckling constantly.
- As soon as the scrum broke up it was all in, punches traded, insults thrown and another lecture from the referee.
- The man I met and traded insults with on that summer afternoon has been depicted as rude, abrasive, hostile and unpredictable by many writers and would-be experts over the years.
- The crack of willow on leather was replaced by the thud of fists on jaws as drunken spectators traded blows when players came off the pitch.
- I watched in amazement as the two combatants traded blows and then there was a flash of lightening that dazzled my eyes.
- Rival groups jostled for space and traded insults, but there were no arrests.
- They traded blows, insults, and annoyed mutters for several long minutes.
- I'm quite interested in political debate, but there's a difference between debate and trading insults.
- Visitors to the interactive exhibition can perform in front of the tough panel with the judges delivering their verdicts, more often than not trading insults among themselves.
- So far at least, he has escaped the disdain which eventually greets any great champion who keeps trading punches well past his prime.
- The pair had been expected to trade insults and vitriol at their post-match press conference following an acrimonious second session on Friday.
- The two pugilists traded blows early on, and seemed fairly evenly matched.
- We fought without mercy as well as trading insults.
- Reputations have been attacked, insults traded, legal action threatened.
- In brief instances when they collided, one could see them attacking with outrageously fast kicks and punches, either trading blows are blocking blows.
- When two men become involved in a brawl and start trading blows and punches and kicks and so forth, how does the law of provocation relate to that circumstance?
- Strong language has been used, insults have been traded, attacks have been personalised and bitterness is made visible.
- Both players traded blows in the middle of the field behind the back of the referee but in full view of both linesmen.
- They would charge at each other, trade a few useless blows, and then back out of range of the other's strike.
- Team officials are remaining quiet about the possibility of trading the most prominent player the franchise has had since moving west.
- The team wants to trade the franchise player and rid itself of his $10.5 rail lion salary cap burden.
- Before a regularly scheduled game has a player ever been traded from the home team to the visiting team or vice versa?
- He remains adamant that he won't restructure his contract to make it easier for the team to trade him.
- He knows that rarely - if ever - can a team trade a franchise player and improve.
- He should have been happy to be traded to a contending team after his agent messed up.
- As you can see, there are a variety of harrowing issues that take place off the ice when a player is traded from one team to another and must travel from one city to another.
- Baseball fans who oppose the current system hate it when teams have to hold fire sales or trade away players who are soon to be free agents.
- The team was willing to trade one first-round selection, but not both.
- The gut-wrenching thing about the Red Sox is they traded their most beloved player and then the team took off and started winning.
- Teams are cautious about trading a player who could come back to haunt them.
- Starting August 1, players can be traded only if they clear waivers.
- On the other hand, as team president, he has to consider trading those loyal players if it means strengthening his roster.
- He's in the final year of his contract, and the team attempted to trade him before he was injured last June.
- Second of all, he wasn't the type of leader you'd expect from a player a team traded its entire draft for.
- When players are traded, sometimes they take shots at their former team.
- On the flip side, in many leagues you also can pick up players who are traded to your league.
- Luckily, the team does not need to trade players to lose payroll, just let some go.
- If they're serious about improving, the Vikings will trade one of those players for defensive help.
- A player might be traded, which could be disruptive, but he still will have the same job at the same pay - just somewhere else.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.