In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Railwaystren masculinediesel/electric train — tren diesel/eléctrico
- fast train — tren expreso / rápido
- local / slow train — tren que para en todas las estaciones
- to take the train — tomar el tren
- to travel/go by train — viajar/ir en tren
- to send sth by train — mandar algo por ferrocarril
- we met on the train — nos conocimos en el tren
- to change trains — cambiar de tren
- train service — servicio de trenes
- train timetable — horario de trenes
- the train journey — el viaje en tren
- the train fare is … — el billete en tren cuesta …
- I wanted a story that moved like a freight train dropped off the edge of a cliff.
- There has also been a considerable investment in commuter trains and light railway rapid-transit systems to ease congestion on roads and pollution.
- Those travelling by train from Sligo railway station can now get their tickets at the touch of a screen.
- Sure enough, the railway mortar fired several times, and the train began to move forward.
- Very early trains were signalled by Railway Policemen on the line-side, with red and green flags.
- For instance, if I zoom down to my estate in east London I can clearly make out parked cars, or the trains on the nearby railway.
- Many communities traversed by freight trains have raised the issue of the whistles.
- Hardly had these words been uttered when a train of wagons arrived from the village and drew up outside the mess hall.
- Much of the travel was aboard a charming little narrow-gauge railway train hauled by elderly puffing steam locomotives.
- More mail will be moved by train, but this will be mainly bulk mail carried during the day, and mail will no longer be sorted on trains.
- Yesterday he enjoyed chatting with the engine driver and looking at the trains at the National Railway Museum in York.
- We made good time out of San Antonio and saw lots of freight trains on the sidings.
- I travelled by foot, by hitch-hiking and by clambering onto the wagons of freight trains.
- The train wasn't quite as crowded, though the police were doing crowd control Japanese railways style to keep the trains moving without too much delay.
- We spent the rest of our time in town watching freight trains noisily pass over the diamond.
- He went by bicycle down to the railway, then by train to Christchurch, by tram to the Square and on foot to College.
- Included in the deal was the carriage by train to Oxenholme station.
- If you are first time visitor, don't try to go there by train since the railway station is very confusing.
- On Sunday and Monday the railway will run additional trains using locomotives and coaches shown in the film, including the Green Dragon No.957.
- In fact, there will be no more locomotives pulling the train because each carriage has its own engine.
- In others areas too much traction power has been fed into trains, causing the motors to shut down.
2.1masculine séquitomasculine cortejofeminine recuafeminine reataa train of mourners — un cortejo fúnebre
- the king arrived, with jesters in his train — el rey llegó seguido de su séquito / cortejo de bufones
- the depression brought many social problems in its train — la depresión tuvo como secuela / acarreó muchos problemas sociales
- in the train of revolution came an upsurge in nationalism — tras la revolución hubo un renacimiento del nacionalismo
- At Dalkeith Castle on August 3rd, King James himself, in a crimson velvet jacket, rode in with a train of horsemen.
- A train of twenty-eight mules would carry about four tons, a similar number of horses about three tons.
- No amount of imperial bluster, disciplined armies or powerful artillery trains could impress these hardened tribes.
- He had quite a train of coolies with him, carrying himself and his baggage through the dense forests.
- Normally she had a train of courtiers surrounding her, but this was a private matter.
- She was accompanied by a train of servants including cooks.
- He is reported to have been wealthy and to have kept a train of boy attendants and also to have provided dowries for many girls of Acragas.
- Pack trains were capable of moving very considerable quantities of goods, often through difficult terrain.
- He established guards for his artillery trains and directed that a liaison orderly be sent from each battery to brigade headquarters.
- On that day, a train of local dignitaries, shareholders, local MPs and the Lord Mayor of York travelled the full length of the line.
- The next morning, he knocked on her door, just as she burst out of it, followed by a train of servants carrying cases and valises.
- Regally an hour and a half late, Ermias arrives with a train of 20 family members, bodyguards and aides.
- Chilton had held third for much of the race, stubbornly refusing to allow a train of cars past him with some excellent defensive driving.
- A man dressed like an aristocrat in silk lead a train of servants out of the jungle and down the beach.
- Action must be taken quickly to get smaller off-road vehicles or mule trains ready to distribute food before the snows fall.
- Sattahip has not produced much traffic for rail, although I believe a train of oil tank wagons did run each night for a time.
2.2(of events, disasters)serie femininetrain of thought
- to lose one's train of thought — perder el hilo (de las ideas)
- our minds had followed quite different trains of thought — habíamos seguido líneas de pensamiento muy distintas
- to be in train — estar en marcha
- to put/set sth in train — poner algo en marcha
- This train of events brings to mind the early days of the Nixon Administration.
- History had become a thriving discipline in nineteenth-century Germany, and philosophy of history followed in its train.
- The last two books deal in particular with the industrial expansion of the early part of the century, and the degradation that followed in its train.
- However, instead of continuing on the train to bad health, why not actually stop and listen to your body's inner voice?
- Is the train of tragic events that follows a manifestation of its destructive nature?
- Idleness is the greatest curse that can fall upon man, for vice and crime follow in its train.
- In other words, the treatment brought about a train of negative consequences for the group.
- The gratuitous killing was the beginning of a shocking train of events that 13 years later has led her to Yorkshire in search of a new and better life.
- As Keith writes, no one can be completely sure of the exact train of events that day - only of the outcome.
3.1(of dress, robe)cola feminineTim will carry her train — Tim le va a llevar la cola
- She was dressed in a clingy serpent green gown with a long train and a humongous collar.
- She studied her customer for a second, then just as quickly began to take off the train, then each piece of the dress.
- This time it is very different because Isaiah sees there the Lord high and lifted up and the train of his robe filling the temple.
- He had carried her all the way to his horse, the long train of her blue dress trailing behind them, and placed her in front of him in the saddle.
- A formal daytime wedding is when the bride wears a white, ivory or pastel colored floor length gown with a train and a long veil.
- You know, what if I step on my train and tear my dress?
- Sarah stepped up on the stage and Stephanie flipped the train so that the dress fanned out.
- She screamed and shoved her way out of his hands and down the hallway, her long dress's train trailing behind her.
- She wore a train on her wedding dress 2,000 ft long in an attempt to get into the Guinness Book Of Records.
- The bride, given in marriage by her father, looked radiant in a white satin dress with a train of satin lace with matching headdress.
- Her eye mask was pushed upon her forehead and her bathrobe rope trailed after her like a train of a wedding gown.
- A silk satin column wrap train dress was pretty and poised, while the silk velvet tuxedo turned out a new spin on menswear.
- The bridesmaids wore lilac strapless gowns with puddled trains, and carried smaller versions of the bride's bouquet.
- She was dressed in an overly and unnecessarily long dress that left a train that seemed to serve as an effective floor sweeper.
- Her dress resembles a beach featuring rocks at the bottom with fish and pearls, sewn and painted and even a train of octopus tentacles.
- Long trains over trousers and grass skirts add another dimension.
- A train of long red velvet cuts the stage in two like a river of blood.
- Her outfit was a voluminous lace affair without shape or style, and I couldn't see her own shoes from the grubby train of her dress.
(of gears)tren masculine
- The engines had twin overhead camshafts which were gear driven via a train of gears coming from the rear of the crankshaft.
- The authors were able to predict the magnitude of facilitation but not its rate of growth during a train of impulses.
- Contact between the cams and the tappets in the valve train span the mixed and boundary regions.
- As our simulations show, a rouleau of flat RBCs behaves quite differently from a train of ellipses of the same size.
3.3(fuse)cebo masculinemixto masculinetrain of gunpowder — cebo / mixto de pólvora
1(instruct)(athlete) entrenar(soldier) adiestrar(child) enseñaracostumbrarhabituar(animal) enseñaramaestraradiestrar(worker/employee) capacitar(teacher) formaryou've trained your dog very well — tienes el perro muy bien enseñado
- your husband's very well trained — tienes a tu marido muy bien amaestrado
- he was trained at the College of Music — estudió en el College of Music
- he was trained as a painter — estudió pintura
- he was trained for the ministry — lo educaron para el sacerdocio
- they are being trained to use the machine — les están enseñando a usar la máquina
- they were trained in the use of firearms — los adiestraron en el uso de armas de fuego
2(voice/ear) educar(mind) formar
4(aim)(gun) apuntarle a algo/algn con algoto train sth on sth/sb — enfocar algo/a algn con algo
- she's had her sights trained on stardom from the first — ha tenido la(s) mira(s) puesta(s) en el estrellato desde el principio
- he kept the pistol trained on me all the time — me estuvo apuntando / encañonando con la pistola todo el tiempo
- last week all eyes were trained on Geneva — la semana pasada todos los ojos estuvieron puestos en Ginebra
1(receive instruction)(nurse/musician/singer) estudiarthey trained together in York — estudiaron juntos/juntas en York
- she's training to be a nurse/teacher — estudia enfermería/magisterio
- he trained as a carpenter — aprendió el oficio de carpintero
- she trained as a singer/lawyer — estudió canto/abogacía / derecho
- to train for the ministry — estudiar para sacerdote
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