In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Railwaystren masculinediesel/electric train — tren diesel/eléctrico
- fast train — tren expreso / rápido
- local / (British) slow train — tren que para en todas las estaciones
- to take the train — tomar el tren
- to travel/go by train — viajar/ir en tren
- to send sth by train — mandar algo por ferrocarril
- we met on the train — nos conocimos en el tren
- to change trains — hacer transbordo
- train service — servicio de trenes
- train timetable — horario de trenes
- the train journey — el viaje en tren
- the train fare is … — el billete en tren cuesta …
- We made good time out of San Antonio and saw lots of freight trains on the sidings.
- I travelled by foot, by hitch-hiking and by clambering onto the wagons of freight trains.
- If you are first time visitor, don't try to go there by train since the railway station is very confusing.
- Very early trains were signalled by Railway Policemen on the line-side, with red and green flags.
- In fact, there will be no more locomotives pulling the train because each carriage has its own engine.
- Much of the travel was aboard a charming little narrow-gauge railway train hauled by elderly puffing steam locomotives.
- I wanted a story that moved like a freight train dropped off the edge of a cliff.
- More mail will be moved by train, but this will be mainly bulk mail carried during the day, and mail will no longer be sorted on trains.
- Included in the deal was the carriage by train to Oxenholme station.
- He went by bicycle down to the railway, then by train to Christchurch, by tram to the Square and on foot to College.
- In others areas too much traction power has been fed into trains, causing the motors to shut down.
- Sure enough, the railway mortar fired several times, and the train began to move forward.
- Yesterday he enjoyed chatting with the engine driver and looking at the trains at the National Railway Museum in York.
- We spent the rest of our time in town watching freight trains noisily pass over the diamond.
- For instance, if I zoom down to my estate in east London I can clearly make out parked cars, or the trains on the nearby railway.
- There has also been a considerable investment in commuter trains and light railway rapid-transit systems to ease congestion on roads and pollution.
- The train wasn't quite as crowded, though the police were doing crowd control Japanese railways style to keep the trains moving without too much delay.
- On Sunday and Monday the railway will run additional trains using locomotives and coaches shown in the film, including the Green Dragon No.957.
- Many communities traversed by freight trains have raised the issue of the whistles.
- Those travelling by train from Sligo railway station can now get their tickets at the touch of a screen.
- Hardly had these words been uttered when a train of wagons arrived from the village and drew up outside the mess hall.
2.1masculine séquitomasculine cortejofeminine recuafeminine reataa train of mourners — un cortejo fúnebre
- in the train of revolution came an upsurge in nationalism — tras la revolución hubo un renacimiento del nacionalismo
- No amount of imperial bluster, disciplined armies or powerful artillery trains could impress these hardened tribes.
- She was accompanied by a train of servants including cooks.
- Regally an hour and a half late, Ermias arrives with a train of 20 family members, bodyguards and aides.
- A man dressed like an aristocrat in silk lead a train of servants out of the jungle and down the beach.
- Sattahip has not produced much traffic for rail, although I believe a train of oil tank wagons did run each night for a time.
- He had quite a train of coolies with him, carrying himself and his baggage through the dense forests.
- A train of twenty-eight mules would carry about four tons, a similar number of horses about three tons.
- The next morning, he knocked on her door, just as she burst out of it, followed by a train of servants carrying cases and valises.
- At Dalkeith Castle on August 3rd, King James himself, in a crimson velvet jacket, rode in with a train of horsemen.
- He is reported to have been wealthy and to have kept a train of boy attendants and also to have provided dowries for many girls of Acragas.
- He established guards for his artillery trains and directed that a liaison orderly be sent from each battery to brigade headquarters.
- Normally she had a train of courtiers surrounding her, but this was a private matter.
- Action must be taken quickly to get smaller off-road vehicles or mule trains ready to distribute food before the snows fall.
- Chilton had held third for much of the race, stubbornly refusing to allow a train of cars past him with some excellent defensive driving.
- On that day, a train of local dignitaries, shareholders, local MPs and the Lord Mayor of York travelled the full length of the line.
- Pack trains were capable of moving very considerable quantities of goods, often through difficult terrain.
2.2(of events, disasters)serie feminineto be in train — estar en marcha
- History had become a thriving discipline in nineteenth-century Germany, and philosophy of history followed in its train.
- In other words, the treatment brought about a train of negative consequences for the group.
- The last two books deal in particular with the industrial expansion of the early part of the century, and the degradation that followed in its train.
- This train of events brings to mind the early days of the Nixon Administration.
- As Keith writes, no one can be completely sure of the exact train of events that day - only of the outcome.
- However, instead of continuing on the train to bad health, why not actually stop and listen to your body's inner voice?
- The gratuitous killing was the beginning of a shocking train of events that 13 years later has led her to Yorkshire in search of a new and better life.
- Is the train of tragic events that follows a manifestation of its destructive nature?
- Idleness is the greatest curse that can fall upon man, for vice and crime follow in its train.
3.1(of dress, robe)cola feminineTim will carry her train — Tim le va a llevar la cola
- Sarah stepped up on the stage and Stephanie flipped the train so that the dress fanned out.
- The bridesmaids wore lilac strapless gowns with puddled trains, and carried smaller versions of the bride's bouquet.
- The bride, given in marriage by her father, looked radiant in a white satin dress with a train of satin lace with matching headdress.
- Her dress resembles a beach featuring rocks at the bottom with fish and pearls, sewn and painted and even a train of octopus tentacles.
- A silk satin column wrap train dress was pretty and poised, while the silk velvet tuxedo turned out a new spin on menswear.
- She wore a train on her wedding dress 2,000 ft long in an attempt to get into the Guinness Book Of Records.
- She studied her customer for a second, then just as quickly began to take off the train, then each piece of the dress.
- A train of long red velvet cuts the stage in two like a river of blood.
- Long trains over trousers and grass skirts add another dimension.
- He had carried her all the way to his horse, the long train of her blue dress trailing behind them, and placed her in front of him in the saddle.
- This time it is very different because Isaiah sees there the Lord high and lifted up and the train of his robe filling the temple.
- She was dressed in an overly and unnecessarily long dress that left a train that seemed to serve as an effective floor sweeper.
- She screamed and shoved her way out of his hands and down the hallway, her long dress's train trailing behind her.
- You know, what if I step on my train and tear my dress?
- Her outfit was a voluminous lace affair without shape or style, and I couldn't see her own shoes from the grubby train of her dress.
- She was dressed in a clingy serpent green gown with a long train and a humongous collar.
- A formal daytime wedding is when the bride wears a white, ivory or pastel colored floor length gown with a train and a long veil.
- Her eye mask was pushed upon her forehead and her bathrobe rope trailed after her like a train of a wedding gown.
(of gears)tren masculine
- The authors were able to predict the magnitude of facilitation but not its rate of growth during a train of impulses.
- As our simulations show, a rouleau of flat RBCs behaves quite differently from a train of ellipses of the same size.
- The engines had twin overhead camshafts which were gear driven via a train of gears coming from the rear of the crankshaft.
- Contact between the cams and the tappets in the valve train span the mixed and boundary regions.
3.3(fuse)cebo masculinemixto masculinetrain of gunpowder — cebo / mixto de pólvora
1.1(instruct)(athlete) entrenar(soldier) adiestrar(child) enseñar(child) acostumbrar(child) habituar(employee/worker) capacitar(teacher) formaryour husband's very well trained — tienes a tu marido muy bien amaestrado humorous
- he was trained at the College of Music — es egresado del College of Music
- he was trained as a painter — estudió pintura
- he was trained for the ministry — lo educaron para el sacerdocio
- they are being trained to use the machine — los están capacitando en el uso de la máquina
- they were trained in the use of firearms — los adiestraron en el uso de armas de fuego
- But at a certain point he had begun to train his own players, and at that point he opted for women.
- Allard said ‘bomb dogs’ were sniffer dogs which were specially trained to detect any type of explosive device.
- Each of the instructors and the observers are trained in self-aid and buddy care, as well as cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques.
- Every woman was trained in using them with deadly skill.
- In those days, he sometimes trained his athletes too much, too hard.
- They also received warm greetings from the Hong Kong Table Tennis Association which trained their sons and will arrange their trip.
- Jails should have training centres where every prisoner can be trained in skills he is good at.
- Officers have been specially trained to detect signs such as pupils and drowsiness.
- That proposal ignores the perils of using minor league basketball to train players.
- Commitment members are trained and informed about health and handicap problems.
- Russel had then decided to impart his knowledge and train young cricketers.
- Was there a sense that someone might have a stable of gladiators that he's trained up in order to go into contest?
- Still, as excuses for failure go, it's a lot better than, ‘I wasn't trained hard enough.’
- I would be afraid if I wasn't trained the way I have been.
- I got a letter from somebody who said he could train the team better than me.
- ‘We have trained our student athletes seriously as we wanted to be in peak form ahead of the World University Games,’ he said.
- Traditionally, in this industry, the boys are trained in the skill which is then passed down generations.
- My mother was well trained in housekeeping skills.
- You wouldn't have the shootings if the Infantry were better trained in basic skills like handling their weapons and fighting in urban areas.
- But nurses and doctors are well trained to deal with those who are suffering.
- However, the current generation of doctors is not well trained to deal with clinical uncertainty.
- Rachid, who trains the boxers, makes a great play of picking up the youngest lads, weighing them and poking them about before a bout begins.
- The next phase of his life is being sold to a man who trains him as a gladiatorial pit fighter, where he learns the ways and glory of combat and gains his sense of self.
- Tim has also trained horses which were bought by the Portuguese Olympic three-day event team.
- The recruitment of a top Indian Coach to train our boys for the next two years will strengthen and also improve our coaching programme, he said.
- All students are trained in Study Skills, and Examination Technique.
- We train elite athletes in hopes that they will make it to the Olympics.
- The philosophy is it's easier to train an athlete to perform pit stops than it is to turn a mechanic into a top-tier athlete.
- With donations of cash and broken and used tools, men are trained in welding, woodwork, carpentry and other skills, and are then placed in jobs.
- The methods are still used by classically trained Ayurvedic doctors today.
- The service is staffed by volunteers, who are specially trained in the area of domestic violence.
- One way I train my male players is to have them touch the backboard as many times as they can in 15 seconds.
- It kills me when a swimmer who I train gets run down at the end of a race.
- Protocols need to be available and staff properly trained to perform such alternative methods in a clinically relevant time frame.
- Players are trained to dive and manipulate refs to get decisions there way.
- Under the project, women are trained in business skills, accounting, marketing and forging links with commercial banks.
- Security staff were trained in effective communication skills.
- However, once you select your event, you must train your athlete first before competing.
- In Florida, he's being trained in popular education practices and conflict resolution skills as part of the Mass Action track.
1.2(animal) enseñar(animal) amaestrar(animal) adiestraryou've trained your dog very well — tienes el perro muy bien enseñado
1.3(ear/voice) educar(mind) formar
- Simply stated, it is through a highly trained and discerning eye that a curator develops this skill.
- He's highly trained in the martial arts, not to mention in the use of weaponry.
- The three people gathered around the monolith had come to this conclusion, not only by use of their highly trained intellects, but also by dint of reading the small label on the back.
- For this the mind has to be trained and not let loose.
- Thus it is in daily life, one's mind and body be trained and developed in a spirit of humility; and that in critical times, one be devoted utterly to the cause of justice.
- Cartier-Bresson gave it his eye and mind trained by the cubist painter Andre Lhote, and his experience as a hunter in Africa.
- Hilary's singing voice is classically trained to perfection, her tones both rich and clear.
- The fleshy vanilla vines are trained to grow up wooden posts or trees.
- Although climbing roses look very similar to landscape roses, climbing roses have been trained to grow upward like vines.
- Instead of a privet hedge, why not train apple trees to clothe a lattice?
- The vines were trained up trees and also on trellises on poles of willow.
- Standards are plants that have been trained to grow in a tree-like form.
- White flowering Clematis armandii, red tropaeolum, wisteria and roses are being trained to grow over the pergola.
- I want to train a pear tree as an espalier against a wall.
- The base is 3 to 4 feet, and the vines are trained, one every 18 to 24 inches, up both sides.
- Not only that, when you train the shrub to grow into a single stem tree, you can end up with some very interesting plants.
- Young trees are generally trained to an open centre or vase shape as this allows even ripening of fruit and good air circulation, which helps prevent disease.
- It can even be trained to grow as a small tree on its own.
- First, she plans a pattern for training her vines and traces it onto the wall with a pencil.
- For example, climbing roses can be trained to grow up and over a trellis or to highlight and enhance a bare wall or garden shed.
- These kid-size trees are trained to be fruiting sticks.
- The concept was designed for areas where wind was a problem, as fruit trees could be trained to grow against the wall in the shelter of the curves.
- Pear trees are trained using a modified central leader system, which begins when the tree is planted.
- Vines grow to thirty feet and can be trained on a trellis or used as a groundcover.
- She trains this fast-growing shrub as a standard, sending the blooms up rather than out.
- Plus, as your plants are trained to grow upwards, they will get more light and air.
- As they grew, the plants were trained by weaving new canes through the wrought-iron arch and tying them in place.
2(aim)to train sth on sth/sb — apuntarle a algo/algn con algo
- she's had her sights trained on stardom from the first — ha tenido la(s) mira(s) puesta(s) en el estrellato desde el principio
- he kept the pistol trained on me all the time — me estuvo apuntando / encañonando con la pistola todo el tiempo
- last week all eyes were trained on Geneva — la semana pasada todos los ojos estuvieron puestos en Ginebra
- Here the director is content too often to train his camera on her in close-up, in the hope apparently that this will provide the film with the expressiveness it otherwise generally lacks.
- Newton mounted guns on deck and trained muskets on the captives' quarters to intimidate them.
- Meanwhile, the defending champion trained her focus on the grass court season after bowing out of the French Open at the quarter-final stage.
- It is legal to train a camera on your front door and display your comings and goings on the internet.
- For more than seven months now, Germany's intellectual elite has trained its guns on the United States.
- As a journalist, Khan was used to training the camera on others.
- In an excellent piece of journalism, the camera crew just trained their camera on the serviceman, as he stood on the beach, tears running down his cheeks.
- For instance, when an area is hit by natural disaster, the cameramen will quickly train their cameras on local leaders who give directions regarding the rescue and relief efforts.
- Orwell feared that one day a ruthless, omnipotent state would train cameras on its citizens, surveilling them into obedience.
- It is all set to train the cameras on nine other schools in the district.
1(receive instruction)(nurse/singer/musician) estudiarthey trained together in York — estudiaron juntos/juntas en York
- she's training to be a nurse/teacher — estudia enfermería/magisterio
- he trained as a carpenter — aprendió el oficio de carpintero
- she trained as a singer/lawyer — estudió canto/abogacía / derecho
- to train for the ministry — estudiar para sacerdote
- Canada, his native land, the UK where he trained and taught, and the United States all owe much to this sophisticated thinker.
- Everybody who trains takes lay-offs at one time or another.
- The coaches who have trained under these men have quite a bit in common.
- None of the women is a fitness freak and in preparation they trained at the Irene and Monument koppies on the outskirts of Pretoria.
- Has he trained for the event, or is he just winging it?
- An exception might be the cyclist who has not trained for an event and can lose excessive amounts of salt in his/her perspiration.
- She did suffer, however, from the shock of not being entered into the event she had trained for, the 400 m.
- Sport is about competing to see who is the best and athletes have to train hard to reach the top.
- Beginning in September 1996, I trained in sport aerobics, also in Constanta.
- The swimmers who trained twice per day showed no additional improvements over those who trained only once per day.
- When professional rugby union began, there were still many genuine amateurs, most notably in the heartland Olympic sports, who trained harder.
- And we saw him this week of course, out there training, ready to get fit to be selected in the middle of February.
- He has trained in the sport since 1983 and won a gold medal at the last world championships.
- Never before in the history of Australian sport have our athletes trained so hard in the quest for the ultimate athletic performance.
- To prepare for the gruelling event, she trained at the gym, using cross trainer machines, which simulate the action of skiing.
- Each team in the tournament will train at hotels, resorts, or sports complexes that will resemble armed camps.
- To prepare, the group trained for the event for 10 weeks.
- You know about cardio exercise for heart health and strength training for keeping firm, but when was the last time you trained to improve your sense of balance?
- I later heard that this time trial was a goal she targeted last winter, and that she had trained specifically for this event.
- Other coaches have taught me more about sailing, but Coach Beaver taught me how to train to be the best at whatever I do.
- They train, reach a peak of physical fitness and then, one day, for no obvious reason, they're unable to perform properly.
- He sat out floor exercise in Sydney, but a few months later is now able to train on the event.
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