In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(grasp meaning of)entenderthere are several words I can't understand — hay unas cuantas palabras que no entiendo
- I can't speak Italian, but I can understand it — no hablo italiano pero lo entiendo
- I can make myself understood — me puedo hacer entender
- I can't understand why he did it — no logro entender / comprender por qué lo hizo
- you must understand that these things take time — tiene que comprender / entender que estas cosas llevan tiempo
- I don't want it to happen again; have I made myself understood? — no quiero que vuelva a suceder ¿está claro?
- now that we understand one another — ahora que nos entendemos
- Sometimes it is difficult to make yourself understood even by those who share your language.
- I was already fluent in French and Spanish so it was not difficult to understand another Latin language.
- We spoke the same minority language, and understood the same underground symbols.
- Computers can use language, but they can't use and understand words.
- I do not understand the words these motorcycle guys are saying yet the language they speak is universal.
- Even someone who did not know English would have understood every word.
- I knew very little Spanish when I came here, but I have been learning and can now make myself understood.
- To top it all off, half of the actresses sound like they're trying to speak English without understanding a word of it.
- Somehow between our languages we were able to make ourselves understood.
- For whatever reason he had formed the erroneous impression that she did not understand the Creole language.
- They must take the initiative to understand indigenous languages and cultures.
- Discovering how other languages work helps you understand your own better.
- It was virtually impossible to hear a word anyone was saying or to make yourself understood.
- Maxwell was seconds away from challenging the man about it when he discovered the guy was Italian and hadn't understood a word.
- I didn't understand a word of the German they were singing in, but that didn't seem to matter at all.
- We knew that he had never been to school and yet he could speak so fluently and be understood by first language speakers.
- For the most part, speakers of different dialects can make themselves understood to speakers of other dialects.
- She looked at me with no expression at all as if she didn't understand a word I'd said.
- The Armenian language has many dialects, some of which cannot be understood by speakers of other dialects.
- At my workplace my boss gets the children to memorise great tracks of English, but they don't understand a word of it.
1.2(interpret)entenderinterpretarher remark can be understood several ways — su comentario se puede entender / interpretar de varias maneras
- I understood him to be saying something quite different — por lo que yo entendí él dijo algo muy diferente
- please understand me correctly! — por favor no me malinterpreten / no me interpreten mal
- as I understand it, ... — según tengo entendido, ...
- what do you understand by the term 'deprivation'? — ¿qué entiendes tú por 'privaciones'?
- But Jack rejects this view and understands it for what it is.
- This point of view is essential to understanding the framework of national history.
- Although his writing is political, it is not political in the usually understood sense.
- Many believe his discovery will change the face of science and how scientists understand the very nature of reality.
- In journalism classically understood, information flows from the press to the public.
- A lot of people don't understand it and view it as something negative because of the extreme nature of it.
- The times change, but the enduring principles that help us to interpret and understand the world do not.
- Science in this view is simply understanding their gods' methods and intentions.
- As you can see, it's nearly impossible for a lay citizen to read a piece of legislation today and understand its impact.
- At the same time, the painting's title requires us to understand it as a view of New York.
- It normally understood all points of view equally, but something seemed to be changing with it.
- I can't understand this point of view on any level, and hope I never will.
- The Journal is usually better at understanding economics than this.
- It will steer you towards companies that are small friendly and reliable - and usually excellent at understanding the needs of a family holiday.
1.3(sympathize, empathize with)(doubts/fears/person) comprender(person/doubts/fears) entendertry to understand my position — trata de comprender / entender mi situación
- nobody understands me! — soy un incomprendido
- While Scott concedes that she is somewhat overbearing, he understands what the character is all about.
- Have you ever wondered why you can never seem to understand your significant other?
- I am afraid I have to say that I find that explanation difficult to understand.
- This point is pretty widely understood by people following or reporting on this story.
- This situation is better understood through lenses of conflict theory.
- I'm not sure I understood much about the situation in the region.
- I have been obsessed by this, trying to understand the very nature of my existence.
- He understands how volatile this situation is.
- I never quite felt I understood her or what she was after.
- It was a credit to the council and, while it was a very costly facility, it could now be understood why the cost was so high.
- He understands how his characters are shaped and trapped by circumstance, and that their circumstance can sometimes be simply ignorance.
- One would believe that pain would be socially understood and somewhat sympathized with.
- It was because I hardly understood and grasped the situation myself.
- Its significance has not been fully understood because of controversy over its dating.
- This must be clearly understood by everyone and I think the situation will become much better in that case.
- Wise woman that she was, she understood this was a situation where she didn't belong.
- In order for a reader to understand a story, the characters must be understood.
- The real significance of new IT devices can also now be understood better.
- If Nancy comes across as too mercenary, her situation must be understood.
- And surely part of the problem was that while everyone thought they knew him, he kind of pointedly revealed that nobody ever quite understood him.
- However, as someone who understands Australia quite well, I wish to suggest entrepreneurs be cautious about it.
- Others feel the need for a bit of encouragement, a sense that the preacher understands or better still sympathises with the compulsions of their lives.
- Her aunt and uncle understood and sympathized with her mother, feeling bad that someone in their family suffered a divorce.
- I've gotten some sympathy from a girlfriend, who says she doesn't understand the situation either - she understands me and where I am on it, just not him.
- I don't believe he understood very well the significance of the date.
- I don't think she quite understands me very well.
- It's so simple, but it can never be understood or mastered.
- I just want to understand what the practical significance of this issue is.
- There's a sense that this guy is not quite understanding enough or sympathetic enough to the allies' point of view.
- Misha was alone, and she was aware that few people understood her.
- What needs to be understood about the situation is that both leaders are hostage to their own constituencies.
- The provinces did not quite understand London, and slightly mistrusted it.
- Given the pressure he was under, I understood and even sympathized.
- Brit rolled her eyes, never quite understanding her sister's tomboyish streak.
- I didn't quite understand myself how I could love him so much.
- In the case of Nora, I refused to start writing her as a character until I truly understood her.
- I think we understood each other's situation, almost to the point that you become protective of each other.
- Everything makes sense when you're little, because what you don't understand you invent an explanation for.
- It's a common oversight because lighting technology isn't quite understood by homeowners.
- Without this perspective, the significance of the case cannot be fully understood.
2(believe, infer)the president is understood to favor the second option — se cree que el presidente prefiere la segunda opción
- she is understood to have said that ... — parece que dijo que ...
- I understand you play tennis — tengo entendido que juega al tenis
- I understood you'd changed jobs — creí que había cambiado de trabajo
- am I to understand that you won't help? — ¿entonces quiere decir que no me van a ayudar?
- I was given to understand I'd get my money back — me dieron a entender que me devolverían el dinero
- she has let it be understood that ... — ha dado a entender que ...
3(believe)you're an expert, I understand — tengo entendido que eres todo un experto
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