In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(in upward direction)up a bit … left a bit — un poco más arriba … un poco a la izquierda
- to go up and up — subir más y más
- we went all the way up to the top — subimos hasta la cima
- it looks a long way up — parece una subida larga
- is there an easier way up? — ¿hay algún modo más fácil de subir?
- we saw them on the way up — los vimos cuando subíamos
- the climb/distance/path up to the hilltop — el ascenso/la distancia/el camino hasta la cima de la colina
- I'll give you a lift up — te llevo hasta arriba
- from the waist/neck up — desde la cintura/el cuello para arriba
- put it right side up — ponlo con el derecho para arriba
- up United! — ¡arriba el United!
1.2(upstairs)I dashed back up to fetch my jacket — volví a subir corriendo a buscar mi chaqueta
- shall we take the escalator up? — ¿subimos por la escalera mecánica?
2.1(of position)arribayour book is up in my room — tu libro está arriba en mi habitación
- up here/there — aquí/allí arriba
- 1,000ft up — a una altura de 1.000 pies
- before the sun was up — antes de que saliera el sol
- I wouldn't want to be up on deck in the sort of weather that they had when they hit the reef.
- Tell us what it is like to be up on that podium with that crowd just going wild and cheering for you?
- She put the phone back up to her ear.
- We should be up on that roof shouting that Musselburgh is the best small racecourse in the country.
- He would be up on his feet thumping, and telling us that repeal was the option.
- It was a really fantastic feeling to be up on the podium.
- It just felt so good to be up on stage and have people cheering for me!
- Mercifully, the sail contraption collapsed and fell overboard before I even got it up.
- A large, heavy dog jumping up on people can be dangerous to young children and even to some adults.
- After flying for about 20 miles, I finally got it up to 1000 feet, cruising along at a nice 110 knots.
- How can you imagine what it is to be up on stage performing these songs?
- Bob had promised that this time he'd be up on stage with him.
- Generally speaking, the biggest expense for a satellite is getting it up there.
- Drive the ball into the lane rather than lifting it up and onto the lane.
2.2(upstairs, on upper floor)I'll be up in a minute — subiré en un minuto
2.3(raised, pointing upward)with the lid/blinds up — con la tapa levantada/las persianas levantadas / subidas
2.4(removed)I had the carpet up — había quitado / levantado la alfombra
- the road is up — han levantado la calle
3.1(upright)help me up! — ¡ayúdame a levantarme!
- she's up again and running well — ya está otra vez en pie y corriendo bien
3.2(out of bed)they're not up yet — todavía no se han levantado
- don't let me keep you up — no te quedes levantado por mí
- we were up all night — pasamos la noche en vela
4.1(of numbers, volume, intensity)she had the volume up high — tenía el volumen muy alto
- with the volume right up — con el volumen al máximo
- his blood pressure is up again — le ha vuelto a subir la tensión
- prices are 5% up or up (by) 5% on last month — los precios han aumentado un 5% con respecto al mes pasado
- from $25/the age of 11 up — a partir de 25 dólares/de los 11 años
4.2(in league, table, hierarchy)up ten places from last year — diez puestos más arriba que el año pasado
- it's a step up for me — para mí es un paso adelante
- from the rank of lieutenant up — desde el rango de teniente para arriba
5.1(in or toward north)the journey up from Munich — el viaje desde Munich hacia el norte
- the climate up in the north/in Alberta — el clima en el norte/en Alberta
5.2(at or to another place)the path up to the house — el sendero hasta la casa
- I'm going up to John's for the weekend — voy a casa de John a pasar el fin de semana
5.3British (in or toward major center)to go up to town — ir a la ciudad (or a Londres etc.)
- I met her up in town yesterday — me la encontré ayer en la ciudad (or en Londres etc.)
5.4British (at or to university)to go up to/be up at Oxford — ir a estudiar/estar estudiando en Oxford
6.1(in position, erected)there's a barrier up — han puesto una barrera
- is the tent up? — ¿ya han armado la carpa?
- the pictures/shelves are up — los cuadros/estantes están colocados / puestos
- It's going to take at least a year, though, to get it up and going.
- Talk to your doctor about setting up a smart diet and exercise program.
- The scheduled repairs are essential and it will take 14 days of intensive work to get it up to the required standard.
- He said a few years ago the residents repaired the road and got it up to standard.
- Unless you tidy up, everyone can see the gruesome jumble of cables.
- Zoe took out each and every nail polish container and lined them up in front of her.
7informal(going on)there's something up with the engine — al motor le pasa algo
- what's up? — (as greeting) ¿quiubo?
- They went up north for the day, to Duluth, probably to see Lake Superior.
- I was supposed to be up on the East coast somewhere, probably getting over the gig in Whakatane last night.
- You're supposed to be up at the house fixing my phone.
- On Friday, Jimmy and I are driving up to Yorkshire to attend a wedding.
- John said he was filming up in Canada and had a part with one or two lines in it for me.
- I went past the station taxi rank yesterday and I couldn't get near it so I went up to town and it was the same story.
- We strolled up to Argyll Street and had lunch at Garfunkels.
8(finished)your time is up — se te ha acabado el tiempo
9.1(ahead in competition)they're three goals up on the home team — le van ganando por tres goles al equipo local
- At 14% the party is up a massive nine points since 1999 and looks like winning seats on all four Dublin councils.
- Louth got back on top and four unanswered points put them two up with ten minutes to go.
- It's now one of the top 20 companies on the Australian Stock Exchange and its share price has gone up by over 70%.
9.2US (for each side)the game was tied 15 up — empataron 15 a 15
10(in cards)two pairs, aces up — doble pareja: de ases y jotas (or reyes etc.)
- We burst out of the car, just as the bus came up behind us, and said our quick goodbyes.
- He was on his own at a table eating when two guys went up to him.
- He was talking with his client outside the courtroom when a witness rushed up and attacked his client.
- He played with the very simple philosophy of not letting the ball get past him and getting it up to his forwards as quickly as possible.
- A moment later Nikki and Sandra drove up in a van, followed by Pete in his car.
11.2(confronted by)to come up against a powerful enemy — enfrentarse a un enemigo poderoso
12up and down
12.1(vertically)to jump up and down — dar saltos
- the piston travels up and down 15 times a second — el pistón sube y baja 15 veces por segundo
12.2(back and forth)de arriba abajo
12.3(of mood)she's been rather up and down — ha tenido bastantes altibajos de humor
13to be up for sth
13.1(to be due for)the motion up for debate today — la moción que sale hoy a debate / se debate hoy
- there are five nominees up for treasurer — hay cinco candidatos a tesorero
- she is up for trial next month — será procesada el mes que viene
13.2informal (to be ready for)apuntarseI'm up for just about anything — voy a casi todas las paradas Chile informal
14up till / until — hasta
- up until 12 o'clock/the 20th century — hasta las 12/el siglo xx
15.1(as far as)hastaup to the ceiling/edge — hasta el techo/el borde
- the water was already up to his chest — el agua ya le llegaba al pecho
- up to here/now/a certain point — hasta aquí/ahora/cierto punto
- up to and including page 37 — hasta la página 37 inclusive
15.2(as many as, as much as)hastaup to 20 days/twice as big — hasta 20 días/el doble de grande
- Company cars are set to be taxed differently from April 2002 but the tax trend is up.
- He added: ‘Our pack is up there with the best in the division.’
- The 2005 RAC Report on Motoring, launched today, reveals the number breaking the limit is up almost 10 per cent on a year ago.
- Where people live is the key to a long-lasting marriage, according to a new survey on divorce rates in Britain, and the seaside resort is up there at the top of the list.
- It expects sales to be up on last years revenues of $341 million.
- The school's English and maths scores are down on last year but the science score is iup.
- Revenue may be up on short-haul flights for the first time in a long time, but BA knows it can never transform itself into a low-frills carrier.
- Whale numbers overall throughout the season tend to be up on the previous year as well.
15.3(equal to)it isn't up to the standard we have come to expect of you — no es del alto nivel al que nos tienes acostumbrados
15.4(capable of)she's not up to the job — no puede con el trabajo informal
- I don't feel I'm up to taking over the business — no me siento capaz de hacerme cargo del negocio
- do you feel up to going out? — ¿te sientes con fuerzas/ánimos (como) para salir?
15.5(depending on)that's entirely up to you — eso, como tú quieras
- if it were up to me, they'd all be fired — si dependiera de mí / si por mí fuera, los echaba a todos
- how you go about it is up to you — cómo lo hagas es cosa tuya / asunto tuyo
- it's up to them to make the next move — les corresponde / les toca a ellos dar el próximo paso
- it's not up to me to decide — no soy yo quien tiene que decidir
- the choice of color was left up to me — la elección del color quedó a mi criterio / a criterio mío
1.1(in upward direction)to go up the stairs/hill — subir la escalera/colina
- he hid the money up the chimney — escondió el dinero en la chimenea
- he kept running up and down the stairs — subía y bajaba la escalera corriendo
1.2(at higher level)she stopped halfway up the stairs — se detuvo en la mitad de la escalera
- 50m up the cliff — a 50m del pie del acantilado
1.3(on scale)to move up the league — subir en la liga
- to move up the ranks — ascender
- further up the salary scale — más arriba en el escalafón
2.1(along)to go/come up the river — ir/venir por el río
- the journey up the coast — el viaje a lo largo de la costa
- he travels up and down the country — viaja por todo el país
- she walked up and down the room — iba de un lado a otro de la habitación
2.2(further along)the farm is just up the road — la granja queda un poco más allá / adelante
- 20 miles up the road — a 20 millas siguiendo la carretera
- we put in up the coast for supplies — hicimos escala más adelante para aprovisionarnos
2.3British dialect (to, in)he's gone up the shop — ha ido a la tienda
1.1(going upward)the up escalator — la escalera mecánica para subir
1.2British (to London)the up train — el tren para Londres
2US informal(elated)I feel really up at the moment — me siento como en las nubes
1(price/costs) aumentar(price/costs) subir(bid/offer) aumentar(bid/offer) superar(output/pace) acelerarthey upped stakes and moved to the city — liaron el petate y se mudaron a la ciudad informal
- The performance will have something for everyone, with the opening half dedicated to acoustic numbers, while the second half will see the tempo upped with a selection of rock ‘n’ roll hits.
- The Government keeps changing the criteria and they are being upped again in April.
- Clubs can now take four short-term and four long-term loans at any one time, with the maximum allowed in any one match upped to five.
- On Monday afternoon, we'd upped that to $15 million.
- I think it's time to go back to the doctors and get the meds changed / upped.
- Rio already earns 4.4 million a year but if reports are to be believed, he wants his 70,000 a week salary upped to 120,000.
- When the company bought the land, it upped that rent from around £1,000 a year to £3,500 a year.
- As it turns out she's having her basic three-channel television reception upped to a cable package in anticipation of her daughter's homecoming from the hospital.
- At the heart of the CR-V beats Honda's lively new 2.0-litre i-VTEC engine with power output upped in 2002 to 150 bhp.
- While the previous version uses Intel's 800MHz FSB, the Pro release ups that to 1066MHz.
- My big achievement for the day was talking to my new account exec at iPowerWeb and getting my storage space upped to 3gb.
- Following the break, Mayo upped their game considerably.
- Pension funds, hit hard by market volatility, could better protect returns by upping their long-term risk-free holdings.
- The tempo was then upped with the arrival of Dallas Tamiara for the final few songs including the album's first single, ‘Dust’.
- After initially planting 1.5 acres, they upped that to five acres in 2002.
- If you want to make the most of your protein sources, try upping the amount of fish you take in.
- Raising his hand, he upped the bid to $1.1 million.
- The offer - since shamefacedly upped to $35 million - equates to what?
- One or two guys are clearly playing within a comfort zone and it is time they upped the pace a bit.
- Simply upping the amount of fruit and vegetables you eat will make a difference.
- The win upped the team's win-loss record to 14-0.
1to up and go/and run — coger e irse/y echar(se) a correr Spain
1to be on the up and up — marchar / ir cada vez mejor British
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