In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(in upward direction)up a bit … left a bit — un poco más arriba … un poco a la izquierda
- to go up and up — subir más y más
- we went all the way up to the top — subimos hasta la cima
- it looks a long way up — parece una subida larga
- is there an easier way up? — ¿hay algún modo más fácil de subir?
- we saw them on the way up — los vimos cuando subíamos
- the climb/distance/path up to the hilltop — el ascenso/la distancia/el camino hasta la cima de la colina
- I'll give you a lift up — te llevo hasta arriba
- from the waist/neck up — desde la cintura/el cuello para arriba
- put it right side up — ponlo con el derecho para arriba
- up United! — ¡arriba el United!
1.2(upstairs)I dashed back up to fetch my jacket — volví a subir corriendo a buscar mi chaqueta
- shall we take the escalator up? — ¿subimos por la escalera mecánica?
2.1(of position)arribayour book is up in my room — tu libro está arriba en mi habitación
- up here/there — aquí/allí arriba
- 1,000ft up — a una altura de 1.000 pies
- before the sun was up — antes de que saliera el sol
- We should be up on that roof shouting that Musselburgh is the best small racecourse in the country.
- Tell us what it is like to be up on that podium with that crowd just going wild and cheering for you?
- A large, heavy dog jumping up on people can be dangerous to young children and even to some adults.
- I wouldn't want to be up on deck in the sort of weather that they had when they hit the reef.
- It was a really fantastic feeling to be up on the podium.
- Bob had promised that this time he'd be up on stage with him.
- It just felt so good to be up on stage and have people cheering for me!
- Drive the ball into the lane rather than lifting it up and onto the lane.
- He would be up on his feet thumping, and telling us that repeal was the option.
- Generally speaking, the biggest expense for a satellite is getting it up there.
- Mercifully, the sail contraption collapsed and fell overboard before I even got it up.
- After flying for about 20 miles, I finally got it up to 1000 feet, cruising along at a nice 110 knots.
- She put the phone back up to her ear.
- How can you imagine what it is to be up on stage performing these songs?
2.2(upstairs, on upper floor)I'll be up in a minute — subiré en un minuto
2.3(raised, pointing upward)with the lid/blinds up — con la tapa levantada/las persianas levantadas / subidas
2.4(removed)I had the carpet up — había quitado / levantado la alfombra
- the road is up — han levantado la calle
3.1(upright)help me up! — ¡ayúdame a levantarme!
- she's up again and running well — ya está otra vez en pie y corriendo bien
3.2(out of bed)they're not up yet — todavía no se han levantado
- don't let me keep you up — no te quedes levantado por mí
- we were up all night — pasamos la noche en vela
4.1(of numbers, volume, intensity)she had the volume up high — tenía el volumen muy alto
- with the volume right up — con el volumen al máximo
- his blood pressure is up again — le ha vuelto a subir la tensión
- prices are 5% up or up (by) 5% on last month — los precios han aumentado un 5% con respecto al mes pasado
- from $25/the age of 11 up — a partir de 25 dólares/de los 11 años
4.2(in league, table, hierarchy)up ten places from last year — diez puestos más arriba que el año pasado
- it's a step up for me — para mí es un paso adelante
- from the rank of lieutenant up — desde el rango de teniente para arriba
5.1(in or toward north)the journey up from Munich — el viaje desde Munich hacia el norte
- the climate up in the north/in Alberta — el clima en el norte/en Alberta
5.2(at or to another place)the path up to the house — el sendero hasta la casa
- I'm going up to John's for the weekend — voy a casa de John a pasar el fin de semana
5.3British (in or toward major center)to go up to town — ir a la ciudad (or a Londres etc.)
- I met her up in town yesterday — me la encontré ayer en la ciudad (or en Londres etc.)
5.4British (at or to university)to go up to/be up at Oxford — ir a estudiar/estar estudiando en Oxford
6.1(in position, erected)there's a barrier up — han puesto una barrera
- is the tent up? — ¿ya han armado la carpa?
- the pictures/shelves are up — los cuadros/estantes están colocados / puestos
- Talk to your doctor about setting up a smart diet and exercise program.
- He said a few years ago the residents repaired the road and got it up to standard.
- It's going to take at least a year, though, to get it up and going.
- Zoe took out each and every nail polish container and lined them up in front of her.
- Unless you tidy up, everyone can see the gruesome jumble of cables.
- The scheduled repairs are essential and it will take 14 days of intensive work to get it up to the required standard.
7informal(going on)there's something up with the engine — al motor le pasa algo
- what's up? — (as greeting) ¿qué hubo?
- We strolled up to Argyll Street and had lunch at Garfunkels.
- John said he was filming up in Canada and had a part with one or two lines in it for me.
- They went up north for the day, to Duluth, probably to see Lake Superior.
- I went past the station taxi rank yesterday and I couldn't get near it so I went up to town and it was the same story.
- You're supposed to be up at the house fixing my phone.
- On Friday, Jimmy and I are driving up to Yorkshire to attend a wedding.
- I was supposed to be up on the East coast somewhere, probably getting over the gig in Whakatane last night.
8(finished)your time is up — se te ha acabado el tiempo
9.1(ahead in competition)they're three goals up on the home team — le van ganando por tres goles al equipo local
- At 14% the party is up a massive nine points since 1999 and looks like winning seats on all four Dublin councils.
- It's now one of the top 20 companies on the Australian Stock Exchange and its share price has gone up by over 70%.
- Louth got back on top and four unanswered points put them two up with ten minutes to go.
9.2US (for each side)the game was tied 15 up — empataron 15 a 15
10(in cards)two pairs, aces up — doble pareja: de ases y jotas (or reyes etc.)
- He was talking with his client outside the courtroom when a witness rushed up and attacked his client.
- We burst out of the car, just as the bus came up behind us, and said our quick goodbyes.
- A moment later Nikki and Sandra drove up in a van, followed by Pete in his car.
- He played with the very simple philosophy of not letting the ball get past him and getting it up to his forwards as quickly as possible.
- He was on his own at a table eating when two guys went up to him.
11.2(confronted by)to come up against a powerful enemy — enfrentarse a un enemigo poderoso
12up and down
12.1(vertically)to jump up and down — dar saltos
- the piston travels up and down 15 times a second — el pistón sube y baja 15 veces por segundo
12.2(back and forth)de arriba abajo
12.3(of mood)she's been rather up and down — ha tenido bastantes altibajos de humor
13to be up for sth
13.1(to be due for)the motion up for debate today — la moción que sale hoy a debate / se debate hoy
- there are five nominees up for treasurer — hay cinco candidatos a tesorero
- she is up for trial next month — será procesada el mes que viene
13.2informal (to be ready for)apuntarseI'm up for just about anything — voy a casi todas las paradas Chile informal
14up till / until — hasta
- up until 12 o'clock/the 20th century — hasta las 12/el siglo xx
15.1(as far as)hastaup to the ceiling/edge — hasta el techo/el borde
- the water was already up to his chest — el agua ya le llegaba al pecho
- up to here/now/a certain point — hasta aquí/ahora/cierto punto
- up to and including page 37 — hasta la página 37 inclusive
15.2(as many as, as much as)hastaup to 20 days/twice as big — hasta 20 días/el doble de grande
- The 2005 RAC Report on Motoring, launched today, reveals the number breaking the limit is up almost 10 per cent on a year ago.
- The school's English and maths scores are down on last year but the science score is iup.
- Company cars are set to be taxed differently from April 2002 but the tax trend is up.
- Revenue may be up on short-haul flights for the first time in a long time, but BA knows it can never transform itself into a low-frills carrier.
- Where people live is the key to a long-lasting marriage, according to a new survey on divorce rates in Britain, and the seaside resort is up there at the top of the list.
- He added: ‘Our pack is up there with the best in the division.’
- Whale numbers overall throughout the season tend to be up on the previous year as well.
- It expects sales to be up on last years revenues of $341 million.
15.3(equal to)it isn't up to the standard we have come to expect of you — no es del alto nivel al que nos tienes acostumbrados
15.4(capable of)she's not up to the job — no puede con el trabajo informal
- I don't feel I'm up to taking over the business — no me siento capaz de hacerme cargo del negocio
- do you feel up to going out? — ¿te sientes con fuerzas/ánimos (como) para salir?
15.5(depending on)that's entirely up to you — eso, como tú quieras
- if it were up to me, they'd all be fired — si dependiera de mí / si por mí fuera, los echaba a todos
- how you go about it is up to you — cómo lo hagas es cosa tuya / asunto tuyo
- it's up to them to make the next move — les corresponde / les toca a ellos dar el próximo paso
- it's not up to me to decide — no soy yo quien tiene que decidir
- the choice of color was left up to me — dejaron que yo eligiera el color
1.1(in upward direction)to go up the stairs/hill — subir la escalera/colina
- he hid the money up the chimney — escondió el dinero en la chimenea
- he kept running up and down the stairs — subía y bajaba la escalera corriendo
1.2(at higher level)she stopped halfway up the stairs — se detuvo en la mitad de la escalera
- 50m up the cliff — a 50m del pie del acantilado
1.3(on scale)to move up the league — subir en la liga
- to move up the ranks — ascender
- further up the salary scale — más arriba en el escalafón
2.1(along)to go/come up the river — ir/venir por el río
- the journey up the coast — el viaje a lo largo de la costa
- he travels up and down the country — viaja por todo el país
- she walked up and down the room — iba de un lado a otro de la habitación
2.2(further along)the farm is just up the road — la granja queda un poco más allá / adelante
- 20 miles up the road — a 20 millas siguiendo la carretera
- we put in up the coast for supplies — hicimos escala más adelante para aprovisionarnos
2.3British dialect (to, in)he's gone up the shop — ha ido a la tienda
1.1(going upward)the up escalator — la escalera mecánica para subir
1.2British (to London)the up train — el tren para Londres
2US informal(elated)I feel really up at the moment — me siento como en las nubes
1(price/costs) aumentar(price/costs) subir(offer/bid) aumentar(bid/offer) superar(pace/output) acelerarthey upped stakes and moved to the city — liaron el petate y se mudaron a la ciudad informal
- One or two guys are clearly playing within a comfort zone and it is time they upped the pace a bit.
- At the heart of the CR-V beats Honda's lively new 2.0-litre i-VTEC engine with power output upped in 2002 to 150 bhp.
- The tempo was then upped with the arrival of Dallas Tamiara for the final few songs including the album's first single, ‘Dust’.
- As it turns out she's having her basic three-channel television reception upped to a cable package in anticipation of her daughter's homecoming from the hospital.
- Rio already earns 4.4 million a year but if reports are to be believed, he wants his 70,000 a week salary upped to 120,000.
- Simply upping the amount of fruit and vegetables you eat will make a difference.
- If you want to make the most of your protein sources, try upping the amount of fish you take in.
- The Government keeps changing the criteria and they are being upped again in April.
- I think it's time to go back to the doctors and get the meds changed / upped.
- The performance will have something for everyone, with the opening half dedicated to acoustic numbers, while the second half will see the tempo upped with a selection of rock ‘n’ roll hits.
- After initially planting 1.5 acres, they upped that to five acres in 2002.
- Raising his hand, he upped the bid to $1.1 million.
- My big achievement for the day was talking to my new account exec at iPowerWeb and getting my storage space upped to 3gb.
- When the company bought the land, it upped that rent from around £1,000 a year to £3,500 a year.
- Pension funds, hit hard by market volatility, could better protect returns by upping their long-term risk-free holdings.
- The offer - since shamefacedly upped to $35 million - equates to what?
- On Monday afternoon, we'd upped that to $15 million.
- The win upped the team's win-loss record to 14-0.
- While the previous version uses Intel's 800MHz FSB, the Pro release ups that to 1066MHz.
- Following the break, Mayo upped their game considerably.
- Clubs can now take four short-term and four long-term loans at any one time, with the maximum allowed in any one match upped to five.
1to up and go/and run — coger e irse/y echar(se) a correr Spain
1to be on the up and up — estar en alza British
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.