In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- He played with the very simple philosophy of not letting the ball get past him and getting it up to his forwards as quickly as possible.
- A moment later Nikki and Sandra drove up in a van, followed by Pete in his car.
- He was talking with his client outside the courtroom when a witness rushed up and attacked his client.
- He was on his own at a table eating when two guys went up to him.
- We burst out of the car, just as the bus came up behind us, and said our quick goodbyes.
1.2(confronted by)to come up against a powerful enemy — enfrentarse a un enemigo poderoso
- you don't know what you're up against — no sabes a lo que te enfrentas
- to be up against it — estar contra las cuerdas
2.1(in upward direction)up a bit … left a bit — un poco más arriba … un poco a la izquierda
- to go up and up — subir más y más
- we went all the way up to the top — subimos hasta la cima
- it looks a long way up — parece una subida larga
- is there an easier way up? — ¿hay algún modo más fácil de subir?
- we saw them on the way up — los vimos cuando subíamos
- the climb/distance/path up to the hilltop — el ascenso/la distancia/el camino hasta la cima de la colina
- I'll give you a lift up — te llevo hasta arriba
- from the waist/neck up — desde la cintura/el cuello para arriba
- face up — boca arriba
- put it right side up — ponlo con el derecho para arriba
- up United! — ¡arriba el United!
2.2(upstairs)I dashed back up to fetch my jacket — volví a subir corriendo a buscar mi chaqueta
- shall we take the escalator up? — ¿subimos por la escalera mecánica?
3.1(as far as)hastaup to the ceiling/edge — hasta el techo/el borde
- the water was already up to his chest — el agua ya le llegaba al pecho
- up to here/now/a certain point — hasta aquí/ahora/cierto punto
- up to and including page 37 — hasta la página 37 inclusive
3.2(as far as, as many as, as much as)hastaup to 20 days/twice as big — hasta 20 días/el doble de grande
- The 2005 RAC Report on Motoring, launched today, reveals the number breaking the limit is up almost 10 per cent on a year ago.
- It expects sales to be up on last years revenues of $341 million.
- Revenue may be up on short-haul flights for the first time in a long time, but BA knows it can never transform itself into a low-frills carrier.
- The school's English and maths scores are down on last year but the science score is iup.
- Where people live is the key to a long-lasting marriage, according to a new survey on divorce rates in Britain, and the seaside resort is up there at the top of the list.
- He added: ‘Our pack is up there with the best in the division.’
- Company cars are set to be taxed differently from April 2002 but the tax trend is up.
- Whale numbers overall throughout the season tend to be up on the previous year as well.
3.3(as many as, as much as, equal to)it isn't up to the standard we have come to expect of you — no es del alto nivel al que nos tienes acostumbrados
3.4(capable of, equal to)she's not up to the job — no puede con el trabajo informal
- I don't feel I'm up to taking over the business — no me siento capaz de hacerme cargo del negocio
- do you feel up to going out? — ¿te sientes con fuerzas/ánimos (como) para salir?
- I'm not up to much nowadays — ya no estoy para muchos trotes
- his performance/my spelling is not up to much — su actuación/mi ortografía no es gran cosa
3.5(depending on, capable of)that's entirely up to you — eso, como tú quieras
- if it were up to me, they'd all be fired — si dependiera de mí / si por mí fuera, los echaba a todos
- how you go about it is up to you — cómo lo hagas es cosa tuya / asunto tuyo
- it's up to them to make the next move — les corresponde / les toca a ellos dar el próximo paso
- it's not up to me to decide — no me corresponde a mí decidir
- the choice of color was left up to me — la elección del color quedó a mi criterio / a criterio mío
3.6(depending on)to be up to sth
- I wonder what she's up to in there — me pregunto qué estará haciendo allí metida
- they're up to their usual tricks — están haciendo de las suyas
- I'm sure they're up to something — (planning) estoy segura de que algo están tramando / algo se traen entre manos
- she's up to no good — no anda en nada bueno
- what have you been up to lately? — ¿en qué has andado últimamente?
- the things we used to get up to when we were kids — las travesuras que hacíamos cuando éramos pequeños
4.1(of position)arribayour book is up in my room — tu libro está arriba en mi habitación
- up here/there — aquí/allí arriba
- 1,000ft up — a una altura de 1.000 pies
- before the sun was up — antes de que saliera el sol
- How can you imagine what it is to be up on stage performing these songs?
- It just felt so good to be up on stage and have people cheering for me!
- Tell us what it is like to be up on that podium with that crowd just going wild and cheering for you?
- After flying for about 20 miles, I finally got it up to 1000 feet, cruising along at a nice 110 knots.
- Mercifully, the sail contraption collapsed and fell overboard before I even got it up.
- Bob had promised that this time he'd be up on stage with him.
- He would be up on his feet thumping, and telling us that repeal was the option.
- A large, heavy dog jumping up on people can be dangerous to young children and even to some adults.
- Drive the ball into the lane rather than lifting it up and onto the lane.
- We should be up on that roof shouting that Musselburgh is the best small racecourse in the country.
- Generally speaking, the biggest expense for a satellite is getting it up there.
- I wouldn't want to be up on deck in the sort of weather that they had when they hit the reef.
- She put the phone back up to her ear.
- It was a really fantastic feeling to be up on the podium.
4.2(upstairs, on upper floor)I'll be up in a minute — subiré en un minuto
4.3(raised, pointing upward)with the lid/blinds up — con la tapa levantada/las persianas levantadas / subidas
4.4(removed)I had the carpet up — había quitado / levantado la alfombra
- the road is up — han levantado la calle
5.1(ahead in competition)they're three goals up on the home team — le van ganando por tres goles al equipo local
- to be one up on sb — tener una ventaja sobre algn
- this put him one up on his rivals — esto le dio una ventaja sobre sus rivales
- It's now one of the top 20 companies on the Australian Stock Exchange and its share price has gone up by over 70%.
- At 14% the party is up a massive nine points since 1999 and looks like winning seats on all four Dublin councils.
- Louth got back on top and four unanswered points put them two up with ten minutes to go.
5.2US (for each side)the game was tied 15 up — empataron 15 a 15
6(under consideration)she will be up before the board/judge — comparecerá ante la junta/el juez
- her case will be up before the board/judge — su caso se verá en la junta/lo verá el juez
7(in cards)two pairs, aces up — doble pareja: de ases y jotas (/ reyes etc. )
8.1(in or toward north)in the cities up north — en las ciudades del norte
- the journey up from Munich — el viaje desde Munich hacia el norte
- the climate up in the north/in Alberta — el clima en el norte/en Alberta
8.2(at or to another place)the path up to the house — el sendero hasta la casa
- I'm going up to John's for the weekend — voy a casa de John a pasar el fin de semana
8.3British (in or toward major center)to go up to town — ir a la ciudad (/ a Londres etc. )
- I met her up in town yesterday — me la encontré ayer en la ciudad (/ en Londres etc. )
8.4British (at or to university)to go up to/be up at Oxford — ir a estudiar/estar estudiando en Oxford
9.1(upright)help me up! — ¡ayúdame a levantarme!
- she's up again and running well — ya está otra vez en pie y corriendo bien
9.2(out of bed)they're not up yet — todavía no se han levantado
- don't let me keep you up — no te quedes levantado por mí
- we were up all night — pasamos la noche en vela
- I'm glad to see her up and about again — me alegra verla recuperada
- I've been up and about since five thirty — estoy en pie desde las cinco y media
- I can't lie in bed, I have to be up and doing — no me puedo quedar en la cama, tengo que levantarme y ponerme en movimiento
10.1(in position, erected)there's a barrier up — hay una barrera
- is the tent up? — ¿ya han armado la carpa?
- the pictures/shelves are up — los cuadros/estantes están colocados / puestos
- It's going to take at least a year, though, to get it up and going.
- Unless you tidy up, everyone can see the gruesome jumble of cables.
- The scheduled repairs are essential and it will take 14 days of intensive work to get it up to the required standard.
- Zoe took out each and every nail polish container and lined them up in front of her.
- He said a few years ago the residents repaired the road and got it up to standard.
- Talk to your doctor about setting up a smart diet and exercise program.
11informal(going on, as greeting)what's up with you? — ¿a ti qué te pasa?
- there's something up with the engine — al motor le pasa algo
- (as greeting) what's up? — ¿qué onda?
12(finished)your time is up — se te ha acabado el tiempo
- it's all up with him/us
- if this leaks out, it'll be all up with him — como esto trascienda, está arreglado
13.1(vertically)to jump up and down — dar saltos
- the piston travels up and down 15 times a second — el pistón sube y baja 15 veces por segundo
- to look sb up and down — mirar a algn de arriba (a) abajo
- to swear up and down — jurar por lo más sagrado
13.2(back and forth)de arriba abajo
13.3(of mood)she's been rather up and down — ha tenido bastantes altibajos de humor
14informal(to be due for, subject to, to be ready for)apuntarseup for
- (to be due for) to be up for sth
- the motion up for debate today — la moción que sale hoy a debate / se debate hoy
- there are five nominees up for treasurer — hay cinco candidatos a tesorero
- she is up for trial next month — será procesada el mes que viene
- I'm up for just about anything — voy a casi todas las paradas
- how well up are you on what's been happening? — ¿cuánto sabes / qué tan enterado estás de lo que ha estado sucediendo?
- she used to be up on current affairs — antes estaba al tanto / al corriente de los temas de actualidad
- we want to see how well up he is in company law — queremos ver cuánto sabe de derecho empresarial
16up till / until — hasta
- up until 12 o'clock/the 20th century — hasta las 12/el siglo xx
17.1(of numbers, volume, intensity)she had the volume up high — tenía el volumen muy alto
- with the volume right up — con el volumen al máximo
- his blood pressure is up again — le ha vuelto a subir la tensión
- prices are 5% up/up (by) 5% on last month — los precios han aumentado un 5% con respecto al mes pasado
- from $25/the age of 11 up — a partir de 25 dólares/de los 11 años
17.2(in league, table, hierarchy)up ten places from last year — diez puestos más arriba que el año pasado
- it's a step up for me — para mí es un paso adelante
- from the rank of lieutenant up — desde el rango de teniente para arriba
1(in upward direction)to go up the stairs/hill — subir la escalera/colina
- he hid the money up the chimney — escondió el dinero en la chimenea
- he kept running up and down the stairs — subía y bajaba la escalera corriendo
- up yours! — ¡ándate a la mierda!
2(at higher level)she stopped halfway up the stairs — se detuvo en la mitad de la escalera
- 50m up the cliff — a 50m del pie del acantilado
3(on scale)to move up the league — subir en la liga
- to move up the ranks — ascender
- further up the salary scale — más arriba en el escalafón
4(along)to go/come up the river — ir/venir por el río
- the journey up the coast — el viaje a lo largo de la costa
- he travels up and down the country — viaja por todo el país
- she walked up and down the room — iba de un lado a otro de la habitación
5(further along)the farm is just up the road — la granja queda un poco más allá / adelante
- 20 miles up the road — a 20 millas siguiendo la carretera
- we put in up the coast for supplies — hicimos escala más adelante para aprovisionarnos
6Britishdialect(to, in)he's gone up the shop — ha ido a la tienda
1(going upward)the up escalator — la escalera mecánica para subir
2British(to London)the up train — el tren para Londres
3USinformal(elated)I feel really up at the moment — me siento como en las nubes
1informal(costs/price) aumentar(costs/price) subir(offer/bid) aumentar(offer/bid) superar(pace/output) acelerarto up stakes / sticks — liar el petate informal
- they upped stakes and moved to the city — liaron el petate y se mudaron a la ciudad
- You're supposed to be up at the house fixing my phone.
- John said he was filming up in Canada and had a part with one or two lines in it for me.
- They went up north for the day, to Duluth, probably to see Lake Superior.
- On Friday, Jimmy and I are driving up to Yorkshire to attend a wedding.
- I went past the station taxi rank yesterday and I couldn't get near it so I went up to town and it was the same story.
- I was supposed to be up on the East coast somewhere, probably getting over the gig in Whakatane last night.
- We strolled up to Argyll Street and had lunch at Garfunkels.
1to up and go/and run — coger e irse/y echar(se) a correr Spain
1(honest)on the up — en aumento
- gun-related violence is on the up — la violencia relacionada con armas de fuego está en aumento
- (honest) to be on the up and up — (succeeding) estar en alza
- ups and downs — vicisitudes
- life's little ups and downs — las vicisitudes de la vida
- their business/marriage has had its ups and downs — su negocio/matrimonio ha tenido sus altibajos
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