In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Meteorologyviento masculine(strength/speed/direction) (before noun) del vientoa wind came up around midday — alrededor del mediodía se levantó viento
- a cold wind was blowing — soplaba un viento frío
- there is not much wind today — hoy no hace / no hay mucho viento
- a gust of wind — una ráfaga de viento
- winds light to moderate — vientos suaves a moderados
- against the wind — contra el viento
- we were playing into the wind — estábamos jugando contra el viento
- let's get out of the wind — refugiémonos del viento
- to get the wind up — pegarse un susto
- to know/find out which way / how the wind is blowing — saber/averiguar por dónde van los tiros
- to raise the wind — juntar suficiente dinero
- wind energy/power — energía eólica
- wind pollination — polinización anemógama
- If these winds blew the same direction all the time, the dunes would line up crosswise to the breeze.
- Conditions were poor with bright sunshine and north easterly winds.
- Can they move it up and down in altitude to catch winds blowing in different directions?
- Strong winds blow a sandstorm through the camp when suddenly the sound of large artillery rounds is heard about 300 meters away.
- Cars were damaged by debris being blown around in the wind and torrential rain.
- Circular exclusion zones around contaminated farms will mean nothing if there is a strong wind blowing in one direction.
- Easterly winds predominate near the equator and also in the lower atmosphere at the poles.
- The wind blows in different directions within the cloud and forms a funnel.
- It is subject to constant dust-laden winds variously known as sirocco, khamsin, simoom and harmattan.
- Strong winds blowing in the direction of the arrow keep air confined in the vortex.
- It is believed that they have picked up metals blown off the bombing range by the strong easterly winds that regularly blow across the island.
- The south-westerly monsoon winds bring copious amounts of rain from June onwards.
- Hours of rain accompanied by strong gale force winds of up to 80 mph contributed to some of the most adverse weather conditions the area has seen in decades.
- The weather might change if the winds turn easterly or southerly.
- Snow slurries were expected to leave the region shivering today, with the promise of raw northerly winds, possibly gale force, blowing into tomorrow.
- The wind howled from a south westerly direction making the weather feel quite warm for the time of the year.
- When the mistral winds blow it is particularly chilly, so a property with some kind of central heating is a necessity.
- Certainly the curtains moved when the wind blew from one direction or the other.
- The pollen count in the Midlands has very little dependency on the direction the winds are coming from.
- On occasion, severe frosts, biting easterly winds and snowfall can result in winter casualties.
2(in bowels)gases masculineventosidad feminineto have wind — tener gases
- lentils give me wind — las lentejas me dan / me producen gases
- Some antacids also contain ingredients that relieve the symptoms of gas or trapped wind.
- Due to weakness of bladder and stomach I experience involuntary discharge of urine and wind.
- This may briefly cause pains similar to having wind and the urge to go to the toilet, but as the colon is empty, this will not be possible.
- In the longer term, some people experience ongoing abdominal symptoms, such as pain, bloating, wind and diarrhoea.
- Eggs and fish often cause problems with bad smells, and fizzy drinks and beer produce excess wind and runny motions.
- Her abdominal pain felt like ‘trapped wind,’ becoming progressively worse throughout the day.
- The fruit, its oils and the kernel were traditionally used to treat severe acid stomach, excess wind, fatigue after menstruation and the common cold.
- Some babies may need help in bringing up wind after a feed.
- A medicine called dimeticone is available to relieve trapped wind.
- Do you ever lose control of wind or bowel motions from your back passage between visits to the toilet?
- You may also experience an increase in wind at first but this will settle.
- Even the slightest pressure from clothing, bedsheets or wind may elicit pain.
- Certain foods may cause excess wind, including pulses (peas, beans, etc.), dried fruit and peanuts.
- But there are other possible causes such as wind or stomach ulcers.
- It is reputed as a drug which dispels wind from the stomach and counteracts spasmodic disorders.
- Do not be tempted to add solid foods to your baby's bottle feed in an attempt to help them sleep at night, as this can cause wind and colic.
- It is generally relieved by passing wind or actually having a bowel movement.
- Other symptoms include a bloated abdomen, excess wind, nausea, vomiting and indigestion.
- These foods encourage the production of wind, and may aggravate colic.
- People with a predominance of phlegm are generally healthy, whereas those with predominance of bile or wind are always of indifferent health.
3(breath)aliento masculineresuello masculineto lose/recover one's wind — perder/recobrar el aliento
- to get one's second wind — recobrar las energías
- I get my second wind after the 11 o'clock break — recobro las energías / me siento renovado / cobro nuevas fuerzas después del descanso de las 11
- Not many singers have the wind to make it all the way to the end.
- He gave out an involuntary sigh as the wind rushed from his lungs and he dropped to his knees.
- The wind was knocked out of her for the second time in five minutes.
- A hand flew across my face, and I crashed to the ground, the wind rushing out of me so hard I choked.
- The wind was knocked out of her, and she lay gasping for breath.
- Jackson repeated the chorus twice more before they all put down their instruments and left me with my wind knocked out.
- She landed with a thud, and rolled, tucking her feet underneath her as the wind rushed out of her again.
- The wind came rushing out of her, and she was left gasping for air.
4Musicthe wind — los instrumentos de viento
- Written for wind orchestra and soloist, this is less a partnership of equals than of antagonists, with much brittleness in the music.
- There are no cellos, a disproportionately large number of double-basses, and big brass and wind sections but no oboes and bassoons.
- A jug band is essentially a string band with a wind section - harmonica, kazoos, and the jug, of course.
- Holst had written at least two earlier chamber works featuring winds, but these represent his first mature productions.
- More often than not, while the strings and winds benefit, the piano sounds as if it were bellowing forth from far away and under water.
- Aside from some frayed wind intonation, the orchestra played with rich, sonorous beauty.
- The string players grinned, but the wind section simply fell apart.
- However, we also are eager to add intermediate-level chamber music for any combination of strings, winds or voice without piano.
- A violinist himself, he got wonderful sounds from his strings, and he made sure that the winds and brass of the Philadelphia were as good as any.
- For those interested in band or wind music, this set is essential; for others this is at least very intriguing.
- Ensembles of three to six players of string, wind or mixed instruments are included.
- The movement builds to two main climaxes, introduced by two fugal passages - the first led by strings, the second by winds.
- These pieces will provide a fun, challenging ensemble experience for any music class - vocal, piano, strings or winds.
- The BPO are clearly enjoying themselves with some players losing strings and the winds thoroughly in harmony.
- However, despite a balance that favors the orchestral winds, the sound is not bad at all.
- A platform is rigged toward the back of the stage rising over the winds and brass sections for the vocalists.
- Charles Gounod's Petite symphonie is scored for flute and eight winds.
- The two concertos feature wind players from Beecham's Royal Philharmonic.
- Nothing, until the fugal entries of the main theme in the winds, really takes off.
- The term is also used of a number of other large ensembles including dance orchestras, jazz orchestras, and wind orchestras.
1(exertion) dejar sin aliento(exertion) dejar sin resuello(blow) cortarle la respiración ahe's winded — está / ha quedado sin aliento / resuello
2(baby) sacarle el aire a informal
1.1(coil)(yarn/wool) ovillar(wool/yarn) devanarthe bandage had been wound too tightly — tenía la venda muy apretada
- to wind sth around or round sth — enroscar / enrollar algo alrededor de algo
- the snake wound itself around the branch — la serpiente se enroscó alrededor de la rama
- to wind sth on(to) sth — enroscar / enrollar algo en algo
- to wind sth into a ball — hacer un ovillo con algo
- the fisherman wound in the line — el pescador fue cobrando sedal
- to wind the film on — (hacer) correr la película
- to wind the tape back — rebobinar la cinta
- to wind the tape forward — adelantar la cinta
- They lived in open-air houses that wound around trees.
- The wire can be wound around the axis of the disc to reinforce the initial field.
- The gradual twist of the body may be likened to certain movements in nature, such as that of a vine winding around a tree.
- In the earliest days, the photographer had to wind 35 mm film into reusable cartridges himself, and cut the film leader.
- The hair was wound on small rods and the perms were very firm and curly.
- A helical scan tape will gradually be wound around a rotating drum causing dust to be dragged in between the tape and the head.
- At China's Hang Zhou Silk Factory, the yarn is reeled, graded, color coded by a temporary dye, twisted, washed and wound into skeins.
- When the required number of strands are wound on, finish the thread by winding it around and down the finish post.
- There was a lot of business of selecting a kite from the stack, attaching the string, making sure the string was correctly wound on the big wooden spools.
- The woven threads were wound on a device called a Niddy Noddy or more simply a yarn winder.
- I also wound the two long power cables around the length of the printer cable and secured them with a fair number cable ties.
- The patented delay line detector features three pairs of low resistance wires wound around a hexagonal support.
- Also on display on the cart are accessories once familiar to thousands of East Lancashire weavers - shuttles on which weft yarn was wound.
- Most films ran ten minutes or less, reflecting the amount of film that could be wound on a standard reel.
- Once this is dry, fine threads of beeswax are tightly wound around it.
- These devices are usually quite large; assembled from coils wound onto magnetic cores.
- Pull out a foot or two of thread and wind it immediately around one iron hook and hang the hook again into the final row of woven cloth.
- I even wound a 10-foot length of parachute cord around my hiking staff.
- Silk is spooled off large reels along the top and two, four or six strands are wound together onto spindles at the bottom, making a stronger yarn.
- Pale vines wound over what looked to be emerald-green alabaster.
- I watched my grandma pull the fur, twist it around the spool and wind it into a ball.
- The cable includes armor wires wound around the corrugated-wall tube.
- The ingenuity of the contraption was that a string was wound around the alarm winder and the other end tied to the bolt.
1.2(wrap)envolverto wind sth/sb in sth — envolver algo/a algn en algo
- Laura, my guide for the day, pulls down the scarf that's wound round her face, and leans into my ear.
- The mammies all wore the brightly coloured cloths wound tightly round their ample figures, and turban-like round their heads.
- I picked up a strand of his long brown hair, and wound it round my finger.
- Cattle, we found, like the grass long, so that they can wind it round their tongues.
- Erin was quiet for a long minute, winding the blanket round her fingers.
- She wound her long blue wool scarf around her throat and wheeled herself into the night.
- So I put on my hat and Ems wound her scarf around her head and we went back out into the rain and east along the river until we found a pub where we stopped for a disappointing lunch.
- A blue mohair scarf was wound tightly round her neck, almost covering her face, and she pulled it away to speak.
- The accordion player played for the children as they wound their colourful ribbons round the maypole.
- He was bound to a stretcher with heavy duct tape, which was wound around his chest, upper arms, shoulders, ankles and the stretcher itself.
- To hide my bare shoulders, I wound a light blue cotton cape around my neck, securing it with a bow.
- Then there are long strands of beads and weird exotic flowers in deep colours to wind around trees, banisters, mantelpieces and even table napkins.
- The little dog was found with a cord tightly wound around its neck.
- I tear off a long strip and wind it round Leo's wounded shoulder.
- She saw he always wore the same pair of worn sneakers - ones with duct tape wound about them, to keep the soles in place.
- Mr Wells had hooked a large flatfish which he thought was a skate, but it turned out to be a stingray and it wound its tail round his arm and stuck a four-inch spike into him.
- Coloured tape is wound round the fingers of his left hand.
2.1(turn)(handle) hacer girar(handle) darle vueltas ato wind a clock/watch — darle cuerda a un reloj
- The road to her home winds past streams of raw sewage.
- In the cradle of the Rocky Mountains, sprawled out like a giant picnic over the foothills, Calgary has the beautiful Bow River winding through its core.
- This narrow route carved into the side of the mountains winds its way through Logan's Pass and across the Continental Divide.
- Ten miles of bike paths wind through the property and link up with a more extensive regional trail network.
- The path was endless, constantly winding downward in a spiral.
- Little tarmac roads wound between the trees and little front and rear gardens were packed with small bushes that gave each property a feeling of seclusion.
- Off the beaten path on the southern tip of Jersey, this course winds through an arboretum and 50-acre bird sanctuary.
- Paths made from mosaic pebbles and broken paving stones will wind through forest glades, leading the visitor to secret places and moonlit grottoes.
- At the end of the first day's hike, we wound our way down a dirt road to an open clearing where the evening sun shone golden on the fronts of old decaying buildings around a large grassy field.
- The garden itself was just a path that wound among clusters of aspen trees along the flank of a grassy foothill.
- They then approach along a path that winds among lush landscaping, keeping the porch's clean, strong lines always in sight.
- It's divided into three sections with a path winding all the way through.
- Time seemed to pass slowly as they wound their way from the base to Santa Barbara.
- The path thinned out now as it wound past the private beach of a local five star hotel.
- The Lincoln Boyhood Nature Trail is a circular trail, approximately one mile in length, which winds through a natural reforested area.
- A path winds through the gardens to fairy-tale-style cottages, each with its own veranda and swing.
- If you wind the key enough, he'll go.
- This photo shows the flip out handle, which once wound for thirty seconds, produces full room sound for thirty minutes.
- The ground sloped down to a stream winding between alders and willows, where children play on summer evenings, enjoying the sort of idyllic childhood we would all want for our offspring.
- You make a sandwich of the printing plate and the paper and some sort of pad on top of the paper, put it in the press and wind a handle to screw down the top plate of the press.
- I stroll up the narrow path that winds around the small hills to the school.
- The path winds through a legion of eerie stone figures, some towering 100 feet above.
- As I wound my way down a little path, with jewellery and clothing shops on either side, I spotted a tiny little shop that made me look twice.
2.2(hoist, pull)levantarthe nets had to be wound in by hand — hubo que recoger las redes a mano
- This is the compartment located in the fo'c's'le below and behind the anchor winch, into which the anchor chains are wound.
2winding present participle(river/road) sinuoso(river/road) serpenteantewe followed them through the winding streets — los seguimos por el laberinto de calles
1(turn)I gave my watch a wind — le di cuerda a mi reloj
- give the handle a wind — dale vuelta a la manivela
2(bend)curva femininerecodo masculine
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.