In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Meteorologyviento masculine(direction/strength/speed) del vientoa wind came up around midday — alrededor del mediodía se levantó viento
- a cold wind was blowing — soplaba un viento frío
- there is not much wind today — hoy no hace / no hay mucho viento
- a gust of wind — una ráfaga de viento
- winds light to moderate — vientos suaves a moderados
- against the wind — contra el viento
- to run before the wind — ir con el viento en popa / a favor
- we were playing into the wind — estábamos jugando contra el viento
- let's get out of the wind — refugiémonos del viento
- a wind of change was blowing — soplaban vientos nuevos
- in the wind
- nothing's been announced, but I reckon there's something in the wind — no han anunciado nada, pero a mí me parece que algo están tramando
- a change is in the wind — se viene un cambio
- like the wind — (very fast) como un bólido
- to get the wind up — asustarse
- to get wind of sth — enterarse de algo
- to know/find out which way / how the wind is blowing — saber/averiguar por dónde van los tiros
- to put the wind up sb — asustar a algn
- to raise the wind — juntar suficiente dinero
- to sail close to the wind
- be careful what you say, you're sailing very close to the wind — cuidado con lo que dices, te estás por pasar de la raya
- they don't act illegally, but they sail pretty close to the wind — lo que hacen no es ilegal, pero casi
- in her documentaries she tends to sail rather close to the wind — sus documentales suelen ser agresivamente polémicos
- to scatter sth to the four winds — desperdigar algo
- our group was scattered to the four winds when the war came — nuestro grupo se desperdigó cuando estalló la guerra
- to take the wind out of sb's sails — desinflar a algn
- it's an ill wind that blows nobody any good — no hay mal que por bien no venga
- wind energy/power — energía eólica
- wind pollination — polinización anemógama
- If these winds blew the same direction all the time, the dunes would line up crosswise to the breeze.
- The south-westerly monsoon winds bring copious amounts of rain from June onwards.
- The pollen count in the Midlands has very little dependency on the direction the winds are coming from.
- On occasion, severe frosts, biting easterly winds and snowfall can result in winter casualties.
- Cars were damaged by debris being blown around in the wind and torrential rain.
- The weather might change if the winds turn easterly or southerly.
- The wind blows in different directions within the cloud and forms a funnel.
- Hours of rain accompanied by strong gale force winds of up to 80 mph contributed to some of the most adverse weather conditions the area has seen in decades.
- Strong winds blowing in the direction of the arrow keep air confined in the vortex.
- Certainly the curtains moved when the wind blew from one direction or the other.
- Easterly winds predominate near the equator and also in the lower atmosphere at the poles.
- It is believed that they have picked up metals blown off the bombing range by the strong easterly winds that regularly blow across the island.
- Conditions were poor with bright sunshine and north easterly winds.
- When the mistral winds blow it is particularly chilly, so a property with some kind of central heating is a necessity.
- Can they move it up and down in altitude to catch winds blowing in different directions?
- Snow slurries were expected to leave the region shivering today, with the promise of raw northerly winds, possibly gale force, blowing into tomorrow.
- The wind howled from a south westerly direction making the weather feel quite warm for the time of the year.
- It is subject to constant dust-laden winds variously known as sirocco, khamsin, simoom and harmattan.
- Circular exclusion zones around contaminated farms will mean nothing if there is a strong wind blowing in one direction.
- Strong winds blow a sandstorm through the camp when suddenly the sound of large artillery rounds is heard about 300 meters away.
2(in bowels)gasesventosidad feminineto have wind — tener gases
- lentils give me wind — las lentejas me dan / me producen gases
- to break wind — tirarse un pedo
- You may also experience an increase in wind at first but this will settle.
- These foods encourage the production of wind, and may aggravate colic.
- It is generally relieved by passing wind or actually having a bowel movement.
- The fruit, its oils and the kernel were traditionally used to treat severe acid stomach, excess wind, fatigue after menstruation and the common cold.
- Do you ever lose control of wind or bowel motions from your back passage between visits to the toilet?
- A medicine called dimeticone is available to relieve trapped wind.
- Some antacids also contain ingredients that relieve the symptoms of gas or trapped wind.
- Other symptoms include a bloated abdomen, excess wind, nausea, vomiting and indigestion.
- In the longer term, some people experience ongoing abdominal symptoms, such as pain, bloating, wind and diarrhoea.
- It is reputed as a drug which dispels wind from the stomach and counteracts spasmodic disorders.
- Some babies may need help in bringing up wind after a feed.
- Certain foods may cause excess wind, including pulses (peas, beans, etc.), dried fruit and peanuts.
- This may briefly cause pains similar to having wind and the urge to go to the toilet, but as the colon is empty, this will not be possible.
- People with a predominance of phlegm are generally healthy, whereas those with predominance of bile or wind are always of indifferent health.
- Due to weakness of bladder and stomach I experience involuntary discharge of urine and wind.
- Eggs and fish often cause problems with bad smells, and fizzy drinks and beer produce excess wind and runny motions.
- Her abdominal pain felt like ‘trapped wind,’ becoming progressively worse throughout the day.
- Do not be tempted to add solid foods to your baby's bottle feed in an attempt to help them sleep at night, as this can cause wind and colic.
- But there are other possible causes such as wind or stomach ulcers.
- Even the slightest pressure from clothing, bedsheets or wind may elicit pain.
3(breath)aliento masculineresuello masculineto lose/recover one's wind — perder/recobrar el aliento
- to get one's second wind — recobrar las energías
- I get my second wind after the 11 o'clock break — recobro las energías / me siento renovado / cobro nuevas fuerzas después del descanso de las 11
- He gave out an involuntary sigh as the wind rushed from his lungs and he dropped to his knees.
- A hand flew across my face, and I crashed to the ground, the wind rushing out of me so hard I choked.
- The wind was knocked out of her, and she lay gasping for breath.
- Jackson repeated the chorus twice more before they all put down their instruments and left me with my wind knocked out.
- She landed with a thud, and rolled, tucking her feet underneath her as the wind rushed out of her again.
- The wind came rushing out of her, and she was left gasping for air.
- The wind was knocked out of her for the second time in five minutes.
- Not many singers have the wind to make it all the way to the end.
4Musicthe wind — los instrumentos de viento
- The two concertos feature wind players from Beecham's Royal Philharmonic.
- A jug band is essentially a string band with a wind section - harmonica, kazoos, and the jug, of course.
- For those interested in band or wind music, this set is essential; for others this is at least very intriguing.
- These pieces will provide a fun, challenging ensemble experience for any music class - vocal, piano, strings or winds.
- The term is also used of a number of other large ensembles including dance orchestras, jazz orchestras, and wind orchestras.
- However, we also are eager to add intermediate-level chamber music for any combination of strings, winds or voice without piano.
- Written for wind orchestra and soloist, this is less a partnership of equals than of antagonists, with much brittleness in the music.
- Aside from some frayed wind intonation, the orchestra played with rich, sonorous beauty.
- Ensembles of three to six players of string, wind or mixed instruments are included.
- Nothing, until the fugal entries of the main theme in the winds, really takes off.
- However, despite a balance that favors the orchestral winds, the sound is not bad at all.
- More often than not, while the strings and winds benefit, the piano sounds as if it were bellowing forth from far away and under water.
- Holst had written at least two earlier chamber works featuring winds, but these represent his first mature productions.
- There are no cellos, a disproportionately large number of double-basses, and big brass and wind sections but no oboes and bassoons.
- The BPO are clearly enjoying themselves with some players losing strings and the winds thoroughly in harmony.
- Charles Gounod's Petite symphonie is scored for flute and eight winds.
- A violinist himself, he got wonderful sounds from his strings, and he made sure that the winds and brass of the Philadelphia were as good as any.
- A platform is rigged toward the back of the stage rising over the winds and brass sections for the vocalists.
- The movement builds to two main climaxes, introduced by two fugal passages - the first led by strings, the second by winds.
- The string players grinned, but the wind section simply fell apart.
1(exertion) dejar sin aliento(exertion) dejar sin resuello(blow) cortarle la respiración ahe's winded — está / ha quedado sin aliento / resuello
2(baby) sacarle el aire a informal
1.1(coil)(wool/yarn) ovillar(yarn/wool) devanarthe bandage had been wound too tightly — tenía la venda muy apretada
- to wind sth around / round sth — enroscar / enrollar algo alrededor de algo
- to wind sth on(to) sth — enroscar / enrollar algo en algo
- the snake wound itself around the branch — la serpiente se enroscó alrededor de la rama
- to wind sth into a ball — hacer un ovillo con algo
- the fisherman wound in the line — el pescador fue cobrando sedal
- to wind the film on — (hacer) correr la película
- to wind the tape back — rebobinar la cinta
- to wind the tape forward — adelantar la cinta
- Pull out a foot or two of thread and wind it immediately around one iron hook and hang the hook again into the final row of woven cloth.
- Also on display on the cart are accessories once familiar to thousands of East Lancashire weavers - shuttles on which weft yarn was wound.
- The cable includes armor wires wound around the corrugated-wall tube.
- I also wound the two long power cables around the length of the printer cable and secured them with a fair number cable ties.
- The gradual twist of the body may be likened to certain movements in nature, such as that of a vine winding around a tree.
- There was a lot of business of selecting a kite from the stack, attaching the string, making sure the string was correctly wound on the big wooden spools.
- The patented delay line detector features three pairs of low resistance wires wound around a hexagonal support.
- The woven threads were wound on a device called a Niddy Noddy or more simply a yarn winder.
- In the earliest days, the photographer had to wind 35 mm film into reusable cartridges himself, and cut the film leader.
- Most films ran ten minutes or less, reflecting the amount of film that could be wound on a standard reel.
- The hair was wound on small rods and the perms were very firm and curly.
- I even wound a 10-foot length of parachute cord around my hiking staff.
- They lived in open-air houses that wound around trees.
- The wire can be wound around the axis of the disc to reinforce the initial field.
- Once this is dry, fine threads of beeswax are tightly wound around it.
- At China's Hang Zhou Silk Factory, the yarn is reeled, graded, color coded by a temporary dye, twisted, washed and wound into skeins.
- A helical scan tape will gradually be wound around a rotating drum causing dust to be dragged in between the tape and the head.
- Silk is spooled off large reels along the top and two, four or six strands are wound together onto spindles at the bottom, making a stronger yarn.
- I watched my grandma pull the fur, twist it around the spool and wind it into a ball.
- When the required number of strands are wound on, finish the thread by winding it around and down the finish post.
- These devices are usually quite large; assembled from coils wound onto magnetic cores.
- The ingenuity of the contraption was that a string was wound around the alarm winder and the other end tied to the bolt.
- Pale vines wound over what looked to be emerald-green alabaster.
1.2(wrap)envolverto wind sth/sb in sth — envolver algo/a algn en algo
- I tear off a long strip and wind it round Leo's wounded shoulder.
- Then there are long strands of beads and weird exotic flowers in deep colours to wind around trees, banisters, mantelpieces and even table napkins.
- The mammies all wore the brightly coloured cloths wound tightly round their ample figures, and turban-like round their heads.
- Erin was quiet for a long minute, winding the blanket round her fingers.
- The accordion player played for the children as they wound their colourful ribbons round the maypole.
- So I put on my hat and Ems wound her scarf around her head and we went back out into the rain and east along the river until we found a pub where we stopped for a disappointing lunch.
- The little dog was found with a cord tightly wound around its neck.
- She saw he always wore the same pair of worn sneakers - ones with duct tape wound about them, to keep the soles in place.
- I picked up a strand of his long brown hair, and wound it round my finger.
- A blue mohair scarf was wound tightly round her neck, almost covering her face, and she pulled it away to speak.
- He was bound to a stretcher with heavy duct tape, which was wound around his chest, upper arms, shoulders, ankles and the stretcher itself.
- To hide my bare shoulders, I wound a light blue cotton cape around my neck, securing it with a bow.
- Mr Wells had hooked a large flatfish which he thought was a skate, but it turned out to be a stingray and it wound its tail round his arm and stuck a four-inch spike into him.
- She wound her long blue wool scarf around her throat and wheeled herself into the night.
- Coloured tape is wound round the fingers of his left hand.
- Laura, my guide for the day, pulls down the scarf that's wound round her face, and leans into my ear.
- Cattle, we found, like the grass long, so that they can wind it round their tongues.
2.1(turn)(handle) hacer girar(handle) darle vueltas ato wind a clock/watch — darle cuerda a un reloj
- A path winds through the gardens to fairy-tale-style cottages, each with its own veranda and swing.
- It's divided into three sections with a path winding all the way through.
- This narrow route carved into the side of the mountains winds its way through Logan's Pass and across the Continental Divide.
- At the end of the first day's hike, we wound our way down a dirt road to an open clearing where the evening sun shone golden on the fronts of old decaying buildings around a large grassy field.
- I stroll up the narrow path that winds around the small hills to the school.
- Paths made from mosaic pebbles and broken paving stones will wind through forest glades, leading the visitor to secret places and moonlit grottoes.
- Off the beaten path on the southern tip of Jersey, this course winds through an arboretum and 50-acre bird sanctuary.
- Time seemed to pass slowly as they wound their way from the base to Santa Barbara.
- The path winds through a legion of eerie stone figures, some towering 100 feet above.
- In the cradle of the Rocky Mountains, sprawled out like a giant picnic over the foothills, Calgary has the beautiful Bow River winding through its core.
- This photo shows the flip out handle, which once wound for thirty seconds, produces full room sound for thirty minutes.
- The path thinned out now as it wound past the private beach of a local five star hotel.
- You make a sandwich of the printing plate and the paper and some sort of pad on top of the paper, put it in the press and wind a handle to screw down the top plate of the press.
- Ten miles of bike paths wind through the property and link up with a more extensive regional trail network.
- Little tarmac roads wound between the trees and little front and rear gardens were packed with small bushes that gave each property a feeling of seclusion.
- The road to her home winds past streams of raw sewage.
- The Lincoln Boyhood Nature Trail is a circular trail, approximately one mile in length, which winds through a natural reforested area.
- The ground sloped down to a stream winding between alders and willows, where children play on summer evenings, enjoying the sort of idyllic childhood we would all want for our offspring.
- The path was endless, constantly winding downward in a spiral.
- The garden itself was just a path that wound among clusters of aspen trees along the flank of a grassy foothill.
- If you wind the key enough, he'll go.
- As I wound my way down a little path, with jewellery and clothing shops on either side, I spotted a tiny little shop that made me look twice.
- They then approach along a path that winds among lush landscaping, keeping the porch's clean, strong lines always in sight.
2.2(hoist, pull)levantarthe nets had to be wound in by hand — hubo que recoger las redes a mano
- This is the compartment located in the fo'c's'le below and behind the anchor winch, into which the anchor chains are wound.
2winding pres p(road/river) sinuoso(road/river) serpenteantewe followed them through the winding streets — los seguimos por el laberinto de calles
1(turn)I gave my watch a wind — le di cuerda a mi reloj
- give the handle a wind — dale vuelta a la manivela
2(bend)curva femininerecodo masculine
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