Translation of work in Spanish:


trabajo, n.

Pronunciation: /wərk//wəːk/


  • 1

    (labor, tasks)
    trabajo masculine
    it was a lot of work dio mucho trabajo
    • I've got work to do tengo trabajo / cosas que hacer
    • you're making more work for yourself te estás creando más trabajo
    • repair work arreglos
    • the building work is still going on todavía están en obras
    • she was advised not to do any heavy work le aconsejaron que no hiciera trabajos pesados
    • the work of the Red Cross el trabajo / la labor de la Cruz Roja
    • work has already started on the film ya han empezado a filmar / rodar
    • they've finished work on the building/road ya han terminado las obras en el edificio/la carretera
    • she's got a lot of work to do to catch up va a tener que trabajar mucho para ponerse al día
    • work in process / progress trabajos en curso
    • the house needs a lot of work done / doing to it la casa necesita muchos arreglos
    • let your legs do the work (deja) que las piernas hagan el esfuerzo
    • she put a lot of work into it puso mucho esfuerzo / empeño en ello
    • a lot of work goes into making a rug like this una alfombra así lleva mucho trabajo
    • to set to work poner manos a la obra
    • we set to work painting the kitchen nos pusimos a pintar la cocina
    • keep up the good work! ¡sigue (/ sigan etc. ) así!
    • it's hard work digging cavar es muy duro
    • hard work never harmed / hurt anybody trabajar duro no le hace daño a nadie
    • I don't want to have to talk to them: it's too much like hard work no quiero tener que hablar con ellos: es demasiado esfuerzo
    • he's such hard work da muchísimo trabajo
    • pleasing her is hard work es difícil de agradar
    • that was quick work! ¡qué rapidez!
    • I've done a good day's work he aprovechado bien el día
    • it's all in a day's work es el pan nuestro de cada día
    • to have one's work cut out
    • she's going to have her work cut out to get the job done in time le va a costar terminar el trabajo a tiempo
    • to make short work of sth/sb
    • Pete made short work of the ironing Pete planchó todo rapidísimo
    • you made short work of that pizza! ¡te has despachado pronto la pizza!
    • he made short work of her in the debate la hizo trizas en el debate
    • all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy hay que dejar tiempo para el esparcimiento
    • The work undertaken in support of the Decade for Human Rights Education is one example of this.
    • It's just a tribute to all of the hard work and effort that's gone into the program by our teams and drivers.
    • There were no signs of any work having recently been undertaken or completed.
    • This is the result of much hard work throughout the council to drive up standards.
    • We owe it to our customers and to our funders to show them the results of our work.
    • It will be strictly not for profit and much of the renovation work will be undertaken by volunteers.
    • Growing crops was a very hit and miss affair and a successful crop was due to a lot of hard work but also the result of some luck.
    • Twelve men have been flown in to make sure refitting work is finished on time.
    • Work was originally due to take place in November but a delay in the arrival of materials meant the work had to be put back a month.
    • Starting the business was hard work but Angela's efforts are finally paying off.
    • By your hard work and your effort, you are actively advancing the growth of our nation.
    • An area action plan will be produced which details when and how that work will be undertaken.
    • Undertaking this work may disturb the sediment and release the contaminants in the water.
    • It is they who decide what work is undertaken and who gets employed and paid and so on.
    • Also, is it reasonable to stipulate that no work be undertaken over the weekend?
    • This is the result of a lot of research, a lot of work, a lot of effort over a very long time.
    • The students must come first: they are the ones who actively do the work and achieve the results.
    • Remedial work has now been undertaken and a small population continues to survive there.
    • The pain may result in inability to do routine work or household activities.
    • Much work and effort has been put into the event by the organisers and events committee.
    • He undertook this work for seven years and showed reals talents in his job.
    • The plan was in the process of being implemented and an enormous amount of work had been undertaken.
    • The show was a mixture of theatrics, gymnastics, acting and physical hard work.
    • Too many of us are still attached to the outdated belief that success comes from a result of hard work.
    • A programme of repair and maintenance work was undertaken on parts of Hadrian's Wall.
    • Their work uses industrial materials such as steel plates, cables, magnets and oil.
    • Some of his early years were spent over in England where he undertook a variety of work.
    • Even then there was congestion on the bridge as a result of resurfacing work.
    • I recognise that you may not have undertaken any work for the police early in 2001.
    • Be it as a player or a coach or otherwise success only comes as a result of hard work and effort.
    • He has put a lot of effort into his pre-season work and not only with his bikes.
    • Our trip was very successful as we undertook a lot of work for the orphanage in the week we were there.
    • The team is now finally seeing the results of their hard work done during the test sessions and in the first few races.
    • He has done a small number of private commissions but has undertaken no major painting work.
    • Brilliant breakthroughs can emerge as a result of hard work and disciplined effort.
    • The successful bid would include a specification of the work and materials and prices.
    • That means half a kilo per day will keep a man doing heavy physical work.
    • But picking the olives is hard physical work, and the rewards are far from certain.
    • He knows that time, hard work, dedication and effort are the only way a team can be built.
    • He will not therefore be undertaking any work within the cathedral until this matter is concluded.
    • Tade could turn his hand to any type of work and earned his living from his own expertise.
    • With remarkable royal originality, the Prince first inquired as to Ron's line of work.
    • Sometimes he thinks about this but he can always justify his line of work.
    • In my situation, one of the reasons why I have remained here, is because of my line of work.
    • It is known to be the case that it is more difficult to find alternative employment whilst out of work than whilst in work.
    • It's for six months which is really good for an actress to get so much work and a steady income.
    • After I met with him, it was clear that his personality didn't entirely mesh with his line of work.
    • Many feel on edge and one woman claimed to have given up work as a result of the stress.
    • Isn't she afraid of the competition that is suddenly surfacing in her line of work?
    • The younger Byer tried a different line of work early in his career, but it was not meant to be.
    • With their matching broken noses, the three left the pub in pursuit of a less hazardous line of work.
    • We have secured revenue streams through consultancy work and product income.
    • Anything that has to do with my line of work, I'm the one everyone in my company calls.
    • The firm set up a mini job centre on site to help employees find new work.
    • Clarks said it would provide support to employees seeking alternative work.
    • This trip is to provide relief and training to a new recruit into my line of work.
    • This will affect them in later life and may hamper their efforts to find work, she said.
    • John was a well known and accomplished tailor and was gifted in that line of work.
    • He does not say anything about his prospect of finding work or the efforts he is making.
    • He said it was essential that a programme was put in place to help Parker Knoll employees find new work or retrain.
  • 2

    trabajo masculine
    place of work lugar de trabajo
    • he does factory/PR work trabaja en una fábrica/en relaciones públicas
    • she does a lot of work for the government trabaja mucho para el gobierno
    • to look for/find work buscar/encontrar trabajo
    • to go to work ir a trabajar / al trabajo
    • they both go out to work los dos trabajan (afuera)
    • I start/finish work at seven entro a trabajar / al trabajo/salgo del trabajo a las siete
    • I walk/drive to work voy al trabajo a pie/en coche
  • 3

    at work
    • he's at work está en la oficina (/ la fábrica etc. )
    • they were hard at work when I walked in estaban muy ocupados trabajando cuando entré
    • other forces were at work intervenían otros factores
    • men at work obras, hombres trabajando
    • in work
    • those in work quienes tienen trabajo
    • off work
    • she was off work for a month after the accident después del accidente estuvo un mes sin trabajar
    • he took a day off work to visit the exhibition se tomó un día libre para ir a la exposición
    • out of work
    • the closures will put 1,200 people out of work los cierres dejarán en la calle a 1.200 personas
    • she's been out of work for six months hace seis meses que está sin trabajo / que está desocupada / desempleada
  • 4

    • 4.1(product, single item)

      obra feminine
      [as modifier] a reference work una obra de consulta
      • a work of art una obra de arte
      • complete works obras completas
      • The wee man was a big artist, producing some huge works including a triptych around two metres high.
      • Two of the works produced by the artist in residence will be given to the Central Akademi.
      • On display now at schools throughout Pattaya are works produced by children based on the theme of children's rights.
      • An earlier pair of works convey the operatic extremes of Brooks's passion for Rubinstein.
      • The hands of the artist or artisan are supposed to produce unique, original works.
      • When The Beatles broke up, the individual members produced works like Imagine, All Things Must Pass and Mind Games.
      • Imported textiles are often used as a base, and artistic batik works are produced for the tourist market.
      • Recently she has focused on her travels to India and Italy to produce works which evoke the spirit of those places with an overwhelming intensity.
      • He also noted that many fine artists could produce magnificent works of equine art on commission.
      • On the other hand, materials for producing these works might need to be transported from home.
      • It's a work of exactitude in literature not rivalled outside Tristram Shandy.
      • It makes no sense to assume that a university should be assessing the market value of works produced by their fine arts students.
      • They can be read from right to left as a book, and often accompany works of literature.
      • Her Magnum Opus Project is commissioning nine new orchestral works and six new compositions.
      • Now he is penning plays, musicals and literary works, and his new audience requires a different kind of chap altogether.
      • The Erotokritos, one of the epic works of Greek literature is told and re-told in much of Cretan music.
      • While the art embraces stories and traditions going back centuries, most of the works were produced in the last decade.
      • Has it led people to deal with it more as a literary work and less as a media event?
      • Hiding behind humour, he was intensely aware of his inability to produce works of political significance.
      • Both move me almost to tears in places and are mature works from artists at the peak of their creative powers.

    • 4.2(output)

      trabajo masculine
      his work is not up to standard su trabajo no es del nivel requerido
      • a piece of work un trabajo
      • an exhibition of recent work by Sam Pym una exposición de obras recientes de Sam Pym
      • to be the work of sb ser obra de algn
      • it was the work of a professional era obra de un profesional
      • Since then her career has developed in opera, concert work, recording and broadcasting.
      • The blossoming romance made me ill, a lot of the blue screen work left me unimpressed.
      • Of course he endured it all, but he didn't want it to disturb his creative work.
      • Still, she is hanging my work and will be sainted for it, in a weak moment I might have given her one.
      • Much of Morrison's work is autobiographical but he says this is his most personal project yet.
      • We did a lot of set-piece work, but later on we did come across Panzer and Tiger tanks.
      • Fred is a retired vet who still does locum veterinary work and also plays 18 holes of golf twice a week.
      • Perhaps that explains why there have been few truly satisfying screen adaptations of his work.
      • The only living artist to have his work hung in the Natyet resonates with images of his Dublin Bay home.
      • The audience to one of his films shown at the Berlin Film Festival jeered his work as it was being screened.
      • Young filmmakers hoping to make it in the movies are showcasing their work next week.
      • For creative work, cats are excellent to contemplate when they are in repose.
      • I have finally got round to putting some of my work down on screen for everyone to read.
      • It's kind of a financial and moral thing about owning your own creative work.
      • Looking back, it is clear that it is this interest in real people which saves Boorman's movie work.
      • So with the movie work, the baby and the wife, does Phillippe have a hard time taking stock of it all?
      • Thanks so much for your work, both on screen and in books, graphic and otherwise.
      • Principals may take the limelight in a musical but chorus work is the lifeblood of it.
      • But of course that is the same reason why his work hangs in museums round the world.
      • It seems in some ways more of a challenge for him than getting his work hung in the National Galleries.

  • 5

    trabajo masculine
    see also works

intransitive verb

  • 1

    (to earn a living)
    (people) trabajar
    both his parents work tanto la madre como el padre trabajan (afuera)
    • I work in a bank/as a receptionist/in insurance trabajo en un banco/de recepcionista/en seguros
    • he works nights trabaja de noche
    • to get working ponerse a trabajar
    • to work hard trabajar mucho / duro
    • he works hard at school es un alumno muy aplicado
    • we work a 40-hour week nuestra semana laboral es de 40 horas
    • to work at sth
    • to work for sb trabajar para algn
    • to work for sth
    • to work from sth
    • to work in sth
    • to work on sth
    • to work toward sth
    • to work under sb trabajar bajo la dirección de algn
    • she's working hard at her French está dándole duro al francés
    • you have to work at your service tiene que practicar el servicio
    • a relationship is something you have to work at una relación de pareja requiere cierto esfuerzo
    • she was working away at her accounts estaba ocupada con su contabilidad
    • to work for oneself trabajar por cuenta propia
    • make your money work for you ponga su dinero a trabajar
    • all her life she worked for a more equal society toda su vida luchó por una sociedad más justa
    • fame didn't just come to me: I had to work for it la fama no me llegó del cielo, tuve que trabajar para conseguirla
    • he's working for his finals está estudiando / está preparándose para los exámenes finales
    • working from old drawings they restored the window restauraron la ventana partiendo de antiguos dibujos
    • to work from nature copiar de la naturaleza
    • to work in marble trabajar el mármol / con mármol
    • to work in oils trabajar con óleos
    • he's working on his car está arreglando el coche
    • the police are working on the case la policía está investigando el caso
    • I'm working on the 18th century estoy estudiando el siglo XVIII
    • I'm working on a biography of Napoleon estoy preparando / escribiendo una biografía de Napoleón
    • scientists are working on a cure los científicos están intentando encontrar una cura
    • she hasn't been fired yet, but she's working on it todavía no la han echado, pero parece empeñada en que lo hagan
    • we're working on the assumption that … partimos del supuesto de que …
    • the police had very little to work on la policía tenía muy pocas pistas
    • the poison works on the nervous system el veneno actúa sobre / ataca el sistema nervioso
    • we are working toward a peaceful solution estamos intentando hallar una solución pacífica
    • to work toward a better future luchar por un futuro mejor
  • 2

    (to operate, to function)
    (system/machine/relationship) funcionar
    (person/drug) actuar
    it works off batteries funciona con pilas
    • democracy won't work here aquí no va a funcionar la democracia
    • to work against/in favor of sb/sth obrar en contra/a favor de algn/algo
    • to work both ways
    • the changes work both ways: you might make money but you could also lose los cambios son un arma de doble filo: se puede ganar dinero pero también se puede perder
    • both sides benefit: it works both ways ambas partes salen ganando: el beneficio es mutuo
  • 3

    (to have a required effect)
    (method/plan/drug/measures) surtir efecto
    her idea didn't work su idea no resultó
    • try it, it might work pruébalo, quizás resulte
    • the scene works beautifully la escena está muy bien lograda
    • the play doesn't work on TV la obra no se presta para televisión
    • these colors just don't work together estos colores no pegan / no combinan
  • 4

    (to penetrate, to travel down)
    the oil has to work through the engine el aceite tiene que circular por el motor
    • wait until the solution has worked through the fabric espere hasta que la solución haya impregnado bien la tela
    • his socks had worked down to his ankles se le habían caído los calcetines

transitive verb

  • 1

    (to force to work)
    hacer trabajar
    to work oneself to death matarse trabajando
    • you must work every muscle tienes que ejercitar / hacer trabajar todos los músculos
  • 2

    (to exploit)
    (land/soil) trabajar
    (land/soil) labrar
    (mine) explotar
    it's a theme that's been worked to death already es un tema del que ya se ha abusado hasta la saciedad
  • 3

    (to be employed in)
    (nightclubs/casinos) trabajar en
  • 4

    (to pay for by working)
    he worked his passage to Australia se costeó el pasaje a Australia trabajando en el barco
  • 5

    (to make to function)
    do you know how to work the machine? ¿sabes manejar la máquina?
    • this lever works the sprinkler system esta palanca acciona el sistema de riego
    • the pump is worked by hand la bomba funciona manualmente
  • 6

    (to force gradually, manipulate)
    work the brush into the corners mete bien el cepillo en los rincones
    • he worked the peg out of the crevice consiguió sacar el clavo de la grieta
    • I'll try to work that quote into the article trataré de meter esa cita en el artículo
    • we worked some concessions out of them conseguimos sacarles algunas concesiones
    • to work one's way
    • his belt had worked its way loose se le había soltado el cinturón
    • we worked our way toward the exit nos abrimos camino hacia la salida
    • I worked my way through volume three logré terminar el tercer volumen
    • damp was working its way up the walls la humedad estaba subiendo por las paredes
    • she worked her way to the top of her profession trabajó hasta llegar a la cima de su profesión
    • he worked his way across the continent/through college cruzó el continente/hizo la carrera trabajando
  • 7

    (to shape, fashion)
    (clay/metal) trabajar
    (dough) sobar
    (dough) amasar
    work the flour into the mixture vaya añadiendo la harina a la mezcla
  • 8

    (in needlework, knitting)
    work eight rows in rib hacer ocho hileras de punto elástico
    • work three rows of cross-stitch bordar / hacer tres hileras de punto (de) cruz
    • the design is worked entirely by hand el motivo está hecho (/ bordado etc. ) totalmente a mano
  • 9

    (to bring about)
    (miracle) hacer
  • 10informal

    (to manage, to arrange)
    if you want to meet him, I'll try to work it for you si quieres conocerlo, veré si lo puedo arreglar
    • she worked it so that I didn't have to pay se las arregló / se las ingenió para que yo no tuviera que pagar
  • 11US

    (to solve)
    (crossword/problem) sacar
    (problem/crossword) resolver