In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(labor, tasks)trabajo masculineit was a lot of work — dio mucho trabajo
- I've got work to do — tengo trabajo / cosas que hacer
- you're making more work for yourself — te estás creando más trabajo
- repair work — arreglos
- the building work is still going on — todavía están en obras
- she was advised not to do any heavy work — le aconsejaron que no hiciera trabajos pesados
- the work of the Red Cross — el trabajo / la labor de la Cruz Roja
- work has already started on the film — ya han empezado a filmar / rodar
- they've finished work on the building/road — ya han terminado las obras en el edificio/la carretera
- she's got a lot of work to do to catch up — va a tener que trabajar mucho para ponerse al día
- work in process / progress — trabajos en curso
- the house needs a lot of work done / doing to it — la casa necesita muchos arreglos
- let your legs do the work — (deja) que las piernas hagan el esfuerzo
- she put a lot of work into it — puso mucho esfuerzo / empeño en ello
- a lot of work goes into making a rug like this — una alfombra así lleva mucho trabajo
- to set to work — poner manos a la obra
- we set to work painting the kitchen — nos pusimos a pintar la cocina
- keep up the good work! — ¡sigue (/ sigan etc. ) así!
- it's hard work digging — cavar es muy duro
- hard work never harmed / hurt anybody — trabajar duro no le hace daño a nadie
- I don't want to have to talk to them: it's too much like hard work — no quiero tener que hablar con ellos: es demasiado esfuerzo
- he's such hard work — da muchísimo trabajo
- pleasing her is hard work — es difícil de agradar
- that was quick work! — ¡qué rapidez!
- I've done a good day's work — he aprovechado bien el día
- it's all in a day's work — es el pan nuestro de cada día
- to have one's work cut out
- she's going to have her work cut out to get the job done in time — le va a costar terminar el trabajo a tiempo
- to make short work of sth/sb
- Pete made short work of the ironing — Pete planchó todo rapidísimo
- you made short work of that pizza! — ¡te has despachado pronto la pizza!
- he made short work of her in the debate — la hizo trizas en el debate
- all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy — hay que dejar tiempo para el esparcimiento
- The work undertaken in support of the Decade for Human Rights Education is one example of this.
- It's just a tribute to all of the hard work and effort that's gone into the program by our teams and drivers.
- There were no signs of any work having recently been undertaken or completed.
- This is the result of much hard work throughout the council to drive up standards.
- We owe it to our customers and to our funders to show them the results of our work.
- It will be strictly not for profit and much of the renovation work will be undertaken by volunteers.
- Growing crops was a very hit and miss affair and a successful crop was due to a lot of hard work but also the result of some luck.
- Twelve men have been flown in to make sure refitting work is finished on time.
- Work was originally due to take place in November but a delay in the arrival of materials meant the work had to be put back a month.
- Starting the business was hard work but Angela's efforts are finally paying off.
- By your hard work and your effort, you are actively advancing the growth of our nation.
- An area action plan will be produced which details when and how that work will be undertaken.
- Undertaking this work may disturb the sediment and release the contaminants in the water.
- It is they who decide what work is undertaken and who gets employed and paid and so on.
- Also, is it reasonable to stipulate that no work be undertaken over the weekend?
- This is the result of a lot of research, a lot of work, a lot of effort over a very long time.
- The students must come first: they are the ones who actively do the work and achieve the results.
- Remedial work has now been undertaken and a small population continues to survive there.
- The pain may result in inability to do routine work or household activities.
- Much work and effort has been put into the event by the organisers and events committee.
- He undertook this work for seven years and showed reals talents in his job.
- The plan was in the process of being implemented and an enormous amount of work had been undertaken.
- The show was a mixture of theatrics, gymnastics, acting and physical hard work.
- Too many of us are still attached to the outdated belief that success comes from a result of hard work.
- A programme of repair and maintenance work was undertaken on parts of Hadrian's Wall.
- Their work uses industrial materials such as steel plates, cables, magnets and oil.
- Some of his early years were spent over in England where he undertook a variety of work.
- Even then there was congestion on the bridge as a result of resurfacing work.
- I recognise that you may not have undertaken any work for the police early in 2001.
- Be it as a player or a coach or otherwise success only comes as a result of hard work and effort.
- He has put a lot of effort into his pre-season work and not only with his bikes.
- Our trip was very successful as we undertook a lot of work for the orphanage in the week we were there.
- The team is now finally seeing the results of their hard work done during the test sessions and in the first few races.
- He has done a small number of private commissions but has undertaken no major painting work.
- Brilliant breakthroughs can emerge as a result of hard work and disciplined effort.
- The successful bid would include a specification of the work and materials and prices.
- That means half a kilo per day will keep a man doing heavy physical work.
- But picking the olives is hard physical work, and the rewards are far from certain.
- He knows that time, hard work, dedication and effort are the only way a team can be built.
- He will not therefore be undertaking any work within the cathedral until this matter is concluded.
- Tade could turn his hand to any type of work and earned his living from his own expertise.
- With remarkable royal originality, the Prince first inquired as to Ron's line of work.
- Sometimes he thinks about this but he can always justify his line of work.
- In my situation, one of the reasons why I have remained here, is because of my line of work.
- It is known to be the case that it is more difficult to find alternative employment whilst out of work than whilst in work.
- It's for six months which is really good for an actress to get so much work and a steady income.
- After I met with him, it was clear that his personality didn't entirely mesh with his line of work.
- Many feel on edge and one woman claimed to have given up work as a result of the stress.
- Isn't she afraid of the competition that is suddenly surfacing in her line of work?
- The younger Byer tried a different line of work early in his career, but it was not meant to be.
- With their matching broken noses, the three left the pub in pursuit of a less hazardous line of work.
- We have secured revenue streams through consultancy work and product income.
- Anything that has to do with my line of work, I'm the one everyone in my company calls.
- The firm set up a mini job centre on site to help employees find new work.
- Clarks said it would provide support to employees seeking alternative work.
- This trip is to provide relief and training to a new recruit into my line of work.
- This will affect them in later life and may hamper their efforts to find work, she said.
- John was a well known and accomplished tailor and was gifted in that line of work.
- He does not say anything about his prospect of finding work or the efforts he is making.
- He said it was essential that a programme was put in place to help Parker Knoll employees find new work or retrain.
2(employment)trabajo masculineplace of work — lugar de trabajo
- he does factory/PR work — trabaja en una fábrica/en relaciones públicas
- she does a lot of work for the government — trabaja mucho para el gobierno
- to look for/find work — buscar/encontrar trabajo
- to go to work — ir a trabajar / al trabajo
- they both go out to work — los dos trabajan (afuera)
- I start/finish work at seven — entro a trabajar / al trabajo/salgo del trabajo a las siete
- I walk/drive to work — voy al trabajo a pie/en coche
- he's at work — está en la oficina (/ la fábrica etc. )
- they were hard at work when I walked in — estaban muy ocupados trabajando cuando entré
- other forces were at work — intervenían otros factores
- men at work — obras, hombres trabajando
- in work
- those in work — quienes tienen trabajo
- off work
- she was off work for a month after the accident — después del accidente estuvo un mes sin trabajar
- he took a day off work to visit the exhibition — se tomó un día libre para ir a la exposición
- out of work
- the closures will put 1,200 people out of work — los cierres dejarán en la calle a 1.200 personas
- she's been out of work for six months — hace seis meses que está sin trabajo / que está desocupada / desempleada
4.1(product, single item)obra feminine[as modifier] a reference work — una obra de consulta
- a work of art — una obra de arte
- complete works — obras completas
- The wee man was a big artist, producing some huge works including a triptych around two metres high.
- Two of the works produced by the artist in residence will be given to the Central Akademi.
- On display now at schools throughout Pattaya are works produced by children based on the theme of children's rights.
- An earlier pair of works convey the operatic extremes of Brooks's passion for Rubinstein.
- The hands of the artist or artisan are supposed to produce unique, original works.
- When The Beatles broke up, the individual members produced works like Imagine, All Things Must Pass and Mind Games.
- Imported textiles are often used as a base, and artistic batik works are produced for the tourist market.
- Recently she has focused on her travels to India and Italy to produce works which evoke the spirit of those places with an overwhelming intensity.
- He also noted that many fine artists could produce magnificent works of equine art on commission.
- On the other hand, materials for producing these works might need to be transported from home.
- It's a work of exactitude in literature not rivalled outside Tristram Shandy.
- It makes no sense to assume that a university should be assessing the market value of works produced by their fine arts students.
- They can be read from right to left as a book, and often accompany works of literature.
- Her Magnum Opus Project is commissioning nine new orchestral works and six new compositions.
- Now he is penning plays, musicals and literary works, and his new audience requires a different kind of chap altogether.
- The Erotokritos, one of the epic works of Greek literature is told and re-told in much of Cretan music.
- While the art embraces stories and traditions going back centuries, most of the works were produced in the last decade.
- Has it led people to deal with it more as a literary work and less as a media event?
- Hiding behind humour, he was intensely aware of his inability to produce works of political significance.
- Both move me almost to tears in places and are mature works from artists at the peak of their creative powers.
4.2(output)trabajo masculinehis work is not up to standard — su trabajo no es del nivel requerido
- a piece of work — un trabajo
- an exhibition of recent work by Sam Pym — una exposición de obras recientes de Sam Pym
- to be the work of sb — ser obra de algn
- it was the work of a professional — era obra de un profesional
- Since then her career has developed in opera, concert work, recording and broadcasting.
- The blossoming romance made me ill, a lot of the blue screen work left me unimpressed.
- Of course he endured it all, but he didn't want it to disturb his creative work.
- Still, she is hanging my work and will be sainted for it, in a weak moment I might have given her one.
- Much of Morrison's work is autobiographical but he says this is his most personal project yet.
- We did a lot of set-piece work, but later on we did come across Panzer and Tiger tanks.
- Fred is a retired vet who still does locum veterinary work and also plays 18 holes of golf twice a week.
- Perhaps that explains why there have been few truly satisfying screen adaptations of his work.
- The only living artist to have his work hung in the Natyet resonates with images of his Dublin Bay home.
- The audience to one of his films shown at the Berlin Film Festival jeered his work as it was being screened.
- Young filmmakers hoping to make it in the movies are showcasing their work next week.
- For creative work, cats are excellent to contemplate when they are in repose.
- I have finally got round to putting some of my work down on screen for everyone to read.
- It's kind of a financial and moral thing about owning your own creative work.
- Looking back, it is clear that it is this interest in real people which saves Boorman's movie work.
- So with the movie work, the baby and the wife, does Phillippe have a hard time taking stock of it all?
- Thanks so much for your work, both on screen and in books, graphic and otherwise.
- Principals may take the limelight in a musical but chorus work is the lifeblood of it.
- But of course that is the same reason why his work hangs in museums round the world.
- It seems in some ways more of a challenge for him than getting his work hung in the National Galleries.
5Physicstrabajo masculinesee also works
1(to earn a living)(people) trabajarboth his parents work — tanto la madre como el padre trabajan (afuera)
- I work in a bank/as a receptionist/in insurance — trabajo en un banco/de recepcionista/en seguros
- he works nights — trabaja de noche
- to get working — ponerse a trabajar
- to work hard — trabajar mucho / duro
- he works hard at school — es un alumno muy aplicado
- we work a 40-hour week — nuestra semana laboral es de 40 horas
- to work at sth
- to work for sb — trabajar para algn
- to work for sth
- to work from sth
- to work in sth
- to work on sth
- to work toward sth
- to work under sb — trabajar bajo la dirección de algn
- she's working hard at her French — está dándole duro al francés
- you have to work at your service — tiene que practicar el servicio
- a relationship is something you have to work at — una relación de pareja requiere cierto esfuerzo
- she was working away at her accounts — estaba ocupada con su contabilidad
- to work for oneself — trabajar por cuenta propia
- make your money work for you — ponga su dinero a trabajar
- all her life she worked for a more equal society — toda su vida luchó por una sociedad más justa
- fame didn't just come to me: I had to work for it — la fama no me llegó del cielo, tuve que trabajar para conseguirla
- he's working for his finals — está estudiando / está preparándose para los exámenes finales
- working from old drawings they restored the window — restauraron la ventana partiendo de antiguos dibujos
- to work from nature — copiar de la naturaleza
- to work in marble — trabajar el mármol / con mármol
- to work in oils — trabajar con óleos
- he's working on his car — está arreglando el coche
- the police are working on the case — la policía está investigando el caso
- I'm working on the 18th century — estoy estudiando el siglo XVIII
- I'm working on a biography of Napoleon — estoy preparando / escribiendo una biografía de Napoleón
- scientists are working on a cure — los científicos están intentando encontrar una cura
- she hasn't been fired yet, but she's working on it — todavía no la han echado, pero parece empeñada en que lo hagan
- we're working on the assumption that … — partimos del supuesto de que …
- the police had very little to work on — la policía tenía muy pocas pistas
- the poison works on the nervous system — el veneno actúa sobre / ataca el sistema nervioso
- we are working toward a peaceful solution — estamos intentando hallar una solución pacífica
- to work toward a better future — luchar por un futuro mejor
2(to operate, to function)(system/machine/relationship) funcionar(person/drug) actuarit works off batteries — funciona con pilas
- democracy won't work here — aquí no va a funcionar la democracia
- to work against/in favor of sb/sth — obrar en contra/a favor de algn/algo
- to work both ways
- the changes work both ways: you might make money but you could also lose — los cambios son un arma de doble filo: se puede ganar dinero pero también se puede perder
- both sides benefit: it works both ways — ambas partes salen ganando: el beneficio es mutuo
3(to have a required effect)(method/plan/drug/measures) surtir efectoher idea didn't work — su idea no resultó
- try it, it might work — pruébalo, quizás resulte
- the scene works beautifully — la escena está muy bien lograda
- the play doesn't work on TV — la obra no se presta para televisión
- these colors just don't work together — estos colores no pegan / no combinan
4(to penetrate, to travel down)the oil has to work through the engine — el aceite tiene que circular por el motor
- wait until the solution has worked through the fabric — espere hasta que la solución haya impregnado bien la tela
- his socks had worked down to his ankles — se le habían caído los calcetines
1(to force to work)hacer trabajarto work oneself to death — matarse trabajando
- you must work every muscle — tienes que ejercitar / hacer trabajar todos los músculos
2(to exploit)(land/soil) trabajar(land/soil) labrar(mine) explotarit's a theme that's been worked to death already — es un tema del que ya se ha abusado hasta la saciedad
3(to be employed in)(nightclubs/casinos) trabajar en
4(to pay for by working)he worked his passage to Australia — se costeó el pasaje a Australia trabajando en el barco
5(to make to function)do you know how to work the machine? — ¿sabes manejar la máquina?
- this lever works the sprinkler system — esta palanca acciona el sistema de riego
- the pump is worked by hand — la bomba funciona manualmente
6(to force gradually, manipulate)work the brush into the corners — mete bien el cepillo en los rincones
- he worked the peg out of the crevice — consiguió sacar el clavo de la grieta
- I'll try to work that quote into the article — trataré de meter esa cita en el artículo
- we worked some concessions out of them — conseguimos sacarles algunas concesiones
- to work one's way
- his belt had worked its way loose — se le había soltado el cinturón
- we worked our way toward the exit — nos abrimos camino hacia la salida
- I worked my way through volume three — logré terminar el tercer volumen
- damp was working its way up the walls — la humedad estaba subiendo por las paredes
- she worked her way to the top of her profession — trabajó hasta llegar a la cima de su profesión
- he worked his way across the continent/through college — cruzó el continente/hizo la carrera trabajando
7(to shape, fashion)(clay/metal) trabajar(dough) sobar(dough) amasarwork the flour into the mixture — vaya añadiendo la harina a la mezcla
8(in needlework, knitting)work eight rows in rib — hacer ocho hileras de punto elástico
- work three rows of cross-stitch — bordar / hacer tres hileras de punto (de) cruz
- the design is worked entirely by hand — el motivo está hecho (/ bordado etc. ) totalmente a mano
9(to bring about)(miracle) hacer→ wrought
10informal(to manage, to arrange)arreglarif you want to meet him, I'll try to work it for you — si quieres conocerlo, veré si lo puedo arreglar
- she worked it so that I didn't have to pay — se las arregló / se las ingenió para que yo no tuviera que pagar
11US(to solve)(crossword/problem) sacar(problem/crossword) resolver
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