Translation of descomponer in English:


to factorize, v.

transitive verb

  • 1

    (dividir, separar)
    (número) to factorize
    (número) to break … down into factors
    (luz) to split up
    (luz) to break up
    (sustancia) to break down
    (sustancia) to separate … into compounds
  • 2

    (alimento/cadáver) to rot
    (alimento/cadáver) to cause … to decompose
    (alimento/cadáver) to cause … to rot
  • 3

    • 3.1Latin America

      (máquina/aparato) to break

    • 3.2Latin America

      (peinado/juego) to mess up

  • 4

    • 4.1(producir malestar)

      ese olor penetrante me descompone that strong smell makes me feel queasy / nauseous
      • la noticia del accidente la descompuso she felt quite ill when she heard about the accident

    • 4.2(producir diarrea)

      to give … diarrhea US
      to give … diarrhoea British

pronominal verb

  • 1

    (luz) to split
    (sustancia) to break down
    (sustancia) to separate
    (partícula/isótopo) to decay
  • 2

    (alimento/cadáver) to rot
    (cadáver/alimento) to decompose formal
  • 3

    + me/te/le etc se le descompuso la cara cuando se lo dije he looked really upset / his face dropped a mile when I told him
  • 4Latin America

    (máquina/aparato) to break down
  • 5

    • 5.1(sentir malestar)

      hacía tanto calor que se descompuso it was so hot that he started feeling sick / queasy
      • se descompuso cuando supo la noticia he felt quite ill when he heard the news

    • 5.2(del estómago)

      to have an attack of diarrhea US
      to have an attack of diarrhoea British

  • 6Southern Cone

    (tiempo) to become unsettled
    (tiempo) to change for the worse
    (día) to cloud over
    amaneció un día precioso, pero más tarde se descompuso it started out as a lovely day, but it clouded over later