In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1sin + inf — without -ing
- se fue sin pagar — she left without paying
- lo mandaron a la cama sin cenar — they sent him to bed without any dinner
- somos diez sin contarlos a ellos — there are ten of us not counting them
- estuvo una semana entera sin hablarme — she didn't speak to me for a whole week
- sigo sin entender — I still don't understand
- la pisé sin querer — I accidentally trod on her foot
1.2(con significado pasivo)una camisa sin planchar — a shirt that hasn't/hadn't been ironed
- esto está aún sin terminar — this still isn't finished
2los días pasan sin que dé señales de vida — the days go by with no word from him / without any word from him
- no voy a ir sin que me inviten — I'm not going if I haven't been invited
- quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his / without him noticing
3withoutlo tomo con leche y sin azúcar — I take milk but no sugar
- reserva garantizada sin recargo — guaranteed reservation at no extra cost
- seguimos sin noticias — we still haven't had any news
- solicite más información sin compromiso — send for more details without obligation
- sin previo aviso — with no advance warning
- ¡tírate! ¡sin miedo! — jump! don't be scared!
- ¿qué harías tú sin mí? — what would you do without me?
- agua mineral sin gas — still mineral water
- cerveza sin alcohol — alcohol-free beer
- una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children
- un vuelo sin escalas — a non-stop / direct flight
- me quedé sin pan — I ran out of bread
- se quedó sin trabajo — she lost her job
- una persona totalmente sin escrúpulos — a completely unscrupulous person
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
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