In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(dicho)no existía tal tesoro, todo era fruto de su imaginación — there was no such treasure, he had made it all up
- yo nunca he dicho tal cosa — I have never said anything of the kind / anything of the sort
- nunca recibí tales instrucciones — I never received any such instructions
2(seguido de consecuencia)su desesperación era tal or era tal su desesperación que llegó a pensar en el suicidio — his despair was such / such was his despair that he even contemplated suicide
- se llevó tal disgusto / se llevó un disgusto tal que estuvo llorando toda la tarde — she was so upset (that) she spent the whole afternoon crying
- había tal cantidad de gente que no pudimos entrar — there were such a lot of / so many people that we couldn't get in
3(con valor indeterminado)such-and-suchsiempre está pidiendo dinero para tal cosa y tal otra — he's always asking for money for one thing or another
- ha llamado un tal Méndez — a Mr Méndez phoned
1si quieres que te traten como a un adulto, compórtate como tal — if you want to be treated like an adult, behave like one
- es usted el secretario y como tal tiene ciertas responsabilidades — you are the secretary and as such you have certain responsibilities
- que si tal y que si cual — and so on and so forth
- estaban pintando, poniendo tablas nuevas y tal — they were painting, putting in new boards and so on / and that sort of thing
- me dijo que si eras un tal y un cual … — he said all kinds of terrible things about you
- son tal para cual — he's just as bad as she is / they're as bad as each other / they're two of a kind
1informal(en preguntas)hola ¿qué tal? — hello, how are you?
- ¿qué tal estuvo la fiesta? — how was the party?
- ¿qué tal es Marisa? — what's Marisa like?
2con tal de + inf
- hace cualquier cosa con tal de llamar la atención — he'll do anything to get attention
- con tal de no tener que volver mañana — as long as I don't have to come back tomorrow
- con tal (de) que + subj
- con tal (de) que no se entere nadie, pagará lo que le pidamos — he'll pay whatever we ask to stop anybody finding out
- quédatelo por ahora, con tal (de) que me lo devuelvas antes del viernes — keep it for now, as long as / provided you give it back (to me) before Friday
- dale otro, cualquier cosa con tal (de) que se calle — give her another one, anything to keep her quiet
- tal (y) como
- tal (y) como están las cosas — the way things are
- déjalo tal (y) como lo encontraste — leave it just the way you found it / just as you found it
- hazlo tal (y) como te indicó — do it exactly as she told you / just as she told you
- tal cual
- me lo dijo así, tal cual — she said just that, word for word
- no cambié nada, lo dejé todo tal cual — I didn't change anything, I left everything exactly as it was / just as it was
- el postre le quedó igualito al de la foto, tal cual — the dessert came out exactly as it looked in the photo
- tal vez — maybe
- ¿vas a ir? — tal vez — are you going to go? — maybe / I'll see
- tal vez no se enteró / no se haya enterado — maybe / perhaps / it's possible she hasn't heard
- se me ocurrió que tal vez estuviera / estaría allí esperándome — it occurred to me that he might be there waiting for me
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